Polk County Courthouse
|Motto: Commitment to Community - People Serving People|
Location in Oregon
|• Mayor||Brian Dalton|
|• Total||4.81 sq mi (12.46 km2)|
|• Land||4.81 sq mi (12.46 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||325 ft (99.1 m)|
|• Estimate (2013)||14,807|
|• Density||3,031.8/sq mi (1,170.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific (UTC-7)|
|Area code(s)||503 and 971|
|GNIS feature ID||1162930|
|Website||City of Dallas|
Dallas was settled in the 1840s on the north side of Rickreall Creek and was originally named "Cynthian" or "Cynthiana". A 1947 Itemizer-Observer article (quoted in 100 Years in Polk County: A Centennial Background) states: "[T]he town was called Cynthiana after Cynthiana, Ky., so named by Mrs. Thos. Lovelady." The History of Polk County Oregon, 1987, Page 12, states: "To Mrs. Thomas J. Lovelady was given the honor of naming the new settlement and she selected the name after her home town of Cynthiana, Kentucky."
Another source claims that the origin of the name may come from the name of Jesse Applegate's wife, Cynthia Ann. However, she lived in the Salt Creek area of northern Polk County and, according to the 1850 Federal Census, had already left Polk County by 1850.
Dallas was in competition with Independence to be the county seat and the citizens of Dallas raised $17,000 in order to have a branch of the narrow gauge railroad come to their town, thus securing the honor. The line was built from 1878–80. A more suitable name for a county seat was needed, and since George Mifflin Dallas was vice-president under James K. Polk, for whom the county was named, "Dallas" was a natural choice.
Dallas was incorporated as a town in 1874, and as a city in 1901.
Louis Gerlinger, Sr., incorporated the Salem, Falls City and Western Railway Company late in October 1901 and announced plans to build a railroad from the Willamette River at Salem to the mouth of the Siletz River on the Oregon Coast, a distance of 65 miles (105 km).
In 1902, Louis's son George T. Gerlinger organized a group of investors to build railroad lines in the area.
On May 29, 1903, the first train ran from Dallas to Falls City. At the end of June, passenger trains began regularly scheduled trips to and from Dallas and Falls City each day; the 9-mile (14 km), 40-minute, one-way trip cost 35 cents.
Willamette Industries was founded in Dallas in 1906. At that time the company name was Willamette Valley Lumber Company. Louis Gerlinger, Sr. was president of the new company and H.L. Pittock, vice president. George T. Gerlinger served as secretary and manager while F.W. Leadbetter was treasurer. George Cone served as director and mill superintendent. In 1967 Willamette Valley Lumber and several others merged to become Willamette Industries.
In March 2002, Willamette Industries was officially acquired by Weyerhaeuser Company in a hostile takeover. In early 2009, Weyerhaeuser's Mill formally closed down its Dallas operation.
This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22.0 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Dallas has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.
The median income in 2000 for a household in the city was $35,967, and the median income for a family was $45,156. Males had a median income of $34,271 versus $22,941 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,734. About 7.8% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 14,583 people, 5,747 households, and 3,952 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,031.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,170.6/km2). There were 6,137 housing units at an average density of 1,275.9 per square mile (492.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.6% White, 0.2% African American, 2.0% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.9% of the population.
There were 5,747 households of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.2% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.98.
The median age in the city was 39.8 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.3% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 18.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.
- Jeri Ellsworth - self-taught computer chip designer
- Darcy Fast - Major League Baseball pitcher for the Chicago Cubs
- Carl Gerlinger - founder of Gerlinger Carrier Company
- George T. Gerlinger - founder of Willamette Industries
- Irene Hazard Gerlinger - first female Regent of the University of Oregon
- Louis Gerlinger, Sr. - founder of the Salem, Falls City and Western Railway
- Mark Hatfield - former Governor of Oregon and a United States senator from 1967–1997
- Johnny Kitzmiller - football player and College Football Hall of Fame member
- Johnnie Ray - 1950s singer and recording artist
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". US Census. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [First published 1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 266. ISBN 9780875952772. OCLC 53075956.
- Catherine A. Baldwin (1982). Making the Most of the Best: Willamette Industries' Seventy-Five Years. (Portland, OR: Willamette Industries, 172 p.).
- Weyerhaeuser tries to take over Willamette Forest Industries
- SEC 10K for 1999
- Climate Summary for Dallas, Oregon
- "Population-Oregon" (PDF). U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Population-Oregon" (PDF). 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Oregon" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- Markoff, John (December 20, 2004). "A Toy With a Story". The New York Times.
- "Gerlinger Carrier Company - straddle carriers for industry". Gerlingercarrier.com. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- The Packages - Google Boeken. Books.google.com. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- "Artifacts Along U. S. 99 West | Oregon history by Kenneth Munford". Bentoncountymuseum.org. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- "Mark O. Hatfield Library: Mark O. Hatfield Biography". Library.willamette.edu. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- "Former Oregon Star Confident of Victory". Register-Guard. October 24, 1961. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- Dahl, Bill. "Johnnie Ray". AllMusic. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dallas, Oregon.|
|Wikisource has the text of a 1920 Encyclopedia Americana article about Dallas, Oregon.|
- Entry for Dallas in the Oregon Blue Book
- Dallas Area Chamber of Commerce
- History of the KKK in Dallas