Dallas, Oregon

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Dallas, Oregon
City
Polk County Courthouse
Polk County Courthouse
Motto: Commitment to Community - People Serving People
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 44°55′16″N 123°18′59″W / 44.92111°N 123.31639°W / 44.92111; -123.31639Coordinates: 44°55′16″N 123°18′59″W / 44.92111°N 123.31639°W / 44.92111; -123.31639
Country United States
State Oregon
County Polk
Incorporated 1874
Government
 • Mayor Brian Dalton
Area[1]
 • Total 4.81 sq mi (12.46 km2)
 • Land 4.81 sq mi (12.46 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 325 ft (99.1 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 14,583
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 14,760
 • Density 3,031.8/sq mi (1,170.6/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97338
Area code(s) 503 and 971
FIPS code 41-17700[4]
GNIS feature ID 1162930[5]
Website www.ci.dallas.or.us

The city of Dallas is the county seat of Polk County, Oregon, United States. The population was 14,583 at the 2010 census.[6]

Dallas is located on Rickreall Creek, approximately 15 miles west of Salem, at an altitude of 325 feet above sea level. It is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Dallas was settled in the 1840s on the north side of Rickreall Creek and was originally named "Cynthian" or "Cynthiana".[7] A 1947 Itemizer-Observer article (quoted in 100 Years in Polk County: A Centennial Background) states: "[T]he town was called Cynthiana after Cynthiana, Ky., so named by Mrs. Thos. Lovelady." The History of Polk County Oregon, 1987, Page 12, states: "To Mrs. Thomas J. Lovelady was given the honor of naming the new settlement and she selected the name after her home town of Cynthiana, Kentucky."

Another source claims that the origin of the name may come from the name of Jesse Applegate's wife, Cynthia Ann.[7] However, she lived in the Salt Creek area of northern Polk County and, according to the 1850 Federal Census, had already left Polk County by 1850.

Dallas post office was established in 1852.[7] In 1856 the town was moved more than a mile south because of an inadequate supply of water.[7]

Dallas was in competition with Independence to be the county seat and the citizens of Dallas raised $17,000 in order to have a branch of the narrow gauge railroad come to their town, thus securing the honor.[7] The line was built from 1878–80.[7] A more suitable name for a county seat was needed, and since George Mifflin Dallas was vice-president under James K. Polk, for whom the county was named, "Dallas" was a natural choice.[7]

Dallas was incorporated as a town in 1874, and as a city in 1901.[citation needed]

Gerlinger family[edit]

Louis Gerlinger, Sr., incorporated the Salem, Falls City and Western Railway Company late in October 1901 and announced plans to build a railroad from the Willamette River at Salem to the mouth of the Siletz River on the Oregon Coast, a distance of 65 miles.[8]

In 1902, Louis's son George T. Gerlinger organized a group of investors to build railroad lines in the area.

On May 29, 1903, the first train ran from Dallas to Falls City. At the end of June, passenger trains began regularly scheduled trips to and from Dallas and Falls City each day; the nine-mile, forty-minute, one-way trip cost 35 cents.

Willamette Industries was founded in Dallas in 1906. At that time the company name was Willamette Valley Lumber Company.[9] Louis Gerlinger, Sr. was president of the new company and H.L. Pittock, vice president. George T. Gerlinger served as secretary and manager while F.W. Leadbetter was treasurer. George Cone served as director and mill superintendent.[8] In 1967 Willamette Valley Lumber and several others merged to become Willamette Industries.[10]

In March 2002, Willamette Industries was officially acquired by Weyerhaeuser Company in a hostile takeover. In early 2009, Weyerhaeuser's Mill formally closed down its Dallas operation.

Geography[edit]

Dallas High School

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.81 square miles (12.46 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 670
1890 848 26.6%
1900 1,271 49.9%
1910 2,124 67.1%
1920 2,701 27.2%
1930 2,975 10.1%
1940 3,579 20.3%
1950 4,793 33.9%
1960 5,072 5.8%
1970 6,361 25.4%
1980 8,530 34.1%
1990 9,422 10.5%
2000 12,459 32.2%
2010 14,583 17.0%
Est. 2012 14,760 1.2%
Sources:[11] [12][13][14][4][15]

The median income in 2000 for a household in the city was $35,967, and the median income for a family was $45,156. Males had a median income of $34,271 versus $22,941 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,734. About 7.8% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 14,583 people, 5,747 households, and 3,952 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,031.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,170.6 /km2). There were 6,137 housing units at an average density of 1,275.9 per square mile (492.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.6% White, 0.2% African American, 2.0% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.9% of the population.

There were 5,747 households of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.2% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.98.

The median age in the city was 39.8 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.3% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 18.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

Media[edit]

The Polk County Itemizer-Observer is a weekly newspaper published in Dallas since 1875.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Dallas has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census. Retrieved April 25, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [First published 1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 266. ISBN 9780875952772. OCLC 53075956. 
  8. ^ a b Catherine A. Baldwin (1982). Making the Most of the Best: Willamette Industries' Seventy-Five Years. (Portland, OR: Willamette Industries, 172 p.).
  9. ^ Weyerhaeuser tries to take over Willamette Forest Industries
  10. ^ SEC 10K for 1999
  11. ^ "Population-Oregon". U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Population-Oregon". 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oregon". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  16. ^ Markoff, John (December 20, 2004). "A Toy With a Story". The New York Times. 
  17. ^ "Gerlinger Carrier Company - straddle carriers for industry". Gerlingercarrier.com. Retrieved February 28, 2012. 
  18. ^ The Packages - Google Boeken. Books.google.com. Retrieved February 28, 2012. 
  19. ^ "ARTIFACTS ALONG U. S. 99 WEST | Oregon history by Kenneth Munford". Bentoncountymuseum.org. Retrieved February 28, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Mark O. Hatfield Library: Mark O. Hatfield Biography". Library.willamette.edu. Retrieved February 28, 2012. 
  21. ^ "Former Oregon Star Confident of Victory". Register-Guard. October 24, 1961. Retrieved February 28, 2012. 
  22. ^ Dahl, Bill. "Johnnie Ray". AllMusic. Retrieved February 28, 2012. 
  23. ^ Climate Summary for Dallas, Oregon

External links[edit]

Media related to Dallas, Oregon at Wikimedia Commons