Dallas County, Alabama

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Dallas County, Alabama
Dallas County Courthouse Selma Alabama 001.jpg
Dallas County Courthouse in Selma. Built in 1901, it was given an extensive modern makeover in 1960
Map of Alabama highlighting Dallas County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded February 9, 1818
Named for Alexander J. Dallas
Seat Selma
Largest city Selma
Area
 • Total 993.37 sq mi (2,573 km2)
 • Land 980.71 sq mi (2,540 km2)
 • Water 12.66 sq mi (33 km2), 1.27%
Population
 • (2010) 43,820
 • Density 45/sq mi (17.2/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.dallascounty-al.org

Dallas County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander J. Dallas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 43,820. The county seat is Selma.

History[edit]

Dallas County was created by the Alabama territorial legislature on February 9, 1818, from Montgomery County, a portion of the Creek cession of August 9, 1814. It was named for U.S. Treasury Secretary Alexander J. Dallas of Pennsylvania.

Dallas County is located in the Black Belt region of the west-central portion of the state. It is traversed by the Alabama River and bordered by Perry, Chilton, Autauga, Lowndes, Wilcox, and Marengo counties. Originally, the county seat was at Cahaba, which also served as the state capital for a brief period. In 1865, the county seat was transferred to Selma. Other towns and communities include Marion Junction, Sardis, Orrville, Valley Grande,and Minter.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 993.37 square miles (2,572.8 km2), of which 980.71 square miles (2,540.0 km2) (or 98.73%) is land and 12.66 square miles (32.8 km2) (or 1.27%) is water.[1]

Adjacent Counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 6,003
1830 14,017 133.5%
1840 25,199 79.8%
1850 29,727 18.0%
1860 33,625 13.1%
1870 40,705 21.1%
1880 48,433 19.0%
1890 49,350 1.9%
1900 54,657 10.8%
1910 53,401 −2.3%
1920 54,697 2.4%
1930 55,094 0.7%
1940 55,245 0.3%
1950 56,270 1.9%
1960 56,667 0.7%
1970 55,296 −2.4%
1980 53,981 −2.4%
1990 48,130 −10.8%
2000 46,365 −3.7%
2010 43,820 −5.5%
Est. 2012 42,864 −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[2]
2012 Estimate[3]

2010[edit]

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 46,365 people, 17,841 households, and 12,488 families residing in the county. The population density was 47 people per square mile (18/km2). There were 20,450 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 63.26% Black or African American, 35.58% White, 0.11% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,841 households, out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.40% were married couples living together, 25.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. Nearly 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $23,370, and the median income for a family was $29,906. Males had a median income of $31,568 versus $18,683 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,638. About 27.20% of families and 31.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.70% of those under age 18 and 27.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Education[edit]

Areas not in Selma are served by Dallas County Schools, while areas in Selma are served by Selma City Schools.

Notable residents[edit]

  • James Abercrombie, (1795–1861), United States Congressman from Alabama, resided here for a time.[5]
  • Jim Clark, sheriff who led police and Klansmen against civil rights campaigners
  • Shwetak Patel, (1981-), from Alabama, was born in Selma and went on to become a professor of Computer Science and Engineering and Electrical Engineering at the University of Washington and invent a number of new sensing technologies.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°19′29″N 87°06′19″W / 32.32472°N 87.10528°W / 32.32472; -87.10528