Dallas Police Department
|Dallas Police Department|
|Patch of the Dallas Police Department.|
|Badge of the Dallas Police Department.|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||City of Dallas in the state of Texas, USA|
|Size||342.5 sq mi (887.s km²)|
|Population||1,279,910 (2008 est.)|
|Governing body||Dallas City Hall|
|Officers||3,511 (2011) |
|Agency executive||David Brown, Chief of Police|
|* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
The Dallas Police Department, established in 1881, is the principal law enforcement agency serving the city of Dallas, Texas.
Primary responsibility for calls for police service are seven operations divisions based on geographical subdivisions of the city. Each operations division is commanded by a deputy chief of police. The divisions are designated Central, Northeast, Southeast, South Central, Southwest, Northwest and North Central and operate from facilities which are referred to as substations. Each operations division's geographical area is further subdivided into sectors which are composed of beats, each of which is normally patrolled by a uniformed officer or officers in a marked squad car. Calls for service are received primarily through the city's 9-1-1 system which is answered by a city-operated emergency communications center. Each substation also has an investigative unit with detectives who are assigned cases of burglary and theft which are committed within the area covered by their division.
Other crimes are investigated by specialized investigative units including the Child Abuse Squad, Family Violence Squad, Narcotics Division, CAPERS Robbery Unit, CAPERS Assaults Unit, CAPERS Homicide Unit, Forgery Squad and a Computer Crimes Team.
A specialized Tactical Division includes a SWAT Operations Unit, Mounted Unit, Canine Unit, Helicopter Unit and an Explosive Ordnance Squad. The SWAT Operations Unit was featured on a reality series for the A&E Network in 2006 entitled "Dallas SWAT".
A Natural Crossroads
Dallas has been a land of opportunity since men and women with an affinity for high hopes and hard work came upon it in the 1800s. Set along the trails of Native Americans, on the rich black land prairie and broad open floodplain of the ‘River of Canoes,’ as the Trinity River was called early on, John Neely Bryan saw opportunity all around him. People, land, and possibility.
The wide open space and temperate climate lent themselves to growing cotton and grain, to trade, industry, and local development. By 1841, Bryan’s designs on Dallas were being built, from a courthouse square outward, as the Dallas we know began to take shape. For some, Dallas has brought prosperity, for others a home and honest work, for others still, the gleam of easy pickings. But it was the insistence of the early settlers on law and order that allowed the frontier settlement to become a city still offering opportunity 200 years later.
Town Governance and Law
In 1856, as the frontier population grew to 678 people, the Texas State Legislature granted Dallas its first Charter and citizens elected the town’s first mayor and marshal. Andrew Moore served as Dallas' first town marshal. And it’s entire police force! Moore was succeeded by M.M. Thompson, who served for one single year, after which Moore served again until the general Incorporation Act, in August 1858. William Moon was then elected and provided policing for Dallas until the Civil War.
For the duration of the Civil War and for several years beyond, the Federal government assumed control of Dallas city affairs, including its policing. The conflict between self-governance and national rule was tolerated, at best, the conflicts escalating in the years following the war. By 1872, Dallas resumed control of its own law enforcement, just in time for the convergence of the major north-south Houston Texas Central Railroad and east-west Texas and Pacific Railroad lines in Dallas, paving the way for it to become a regional center of transportation, banking, education and more.
From Settlement to City
Having largely avoided the destruction and dislocations of war and, now more accessible by rail lines, Dallas once again offered hope and opportunity to many. In fact, the population of Dallas increased from 3,000 to 7,000, in a single year, bringing new and complex challenges to a city still policed by a single Marshal.
From the mid-1870s until 1881, a handful of different men served as city marshals while the Dallas City Council wrestled with charter revisions, including the scope and size its policing should encompass. Still serving as lone city marshals during those years were F. Nichols, George Campbell, June Peak, Capt. W.F. Morton and J.C. Arnold, each elected to their duties.
First Dallas Police Department
The very roots of today’s Dallas Police Department were ultimately planted in 1881, with the public election of its first Chief of Police, James Carter Arnold, previously its city marshal. The new city charter provided for both a chief and police manpower and so, with 15 uniformed officers, Dallas had its first Police Department.
Issued blue wool uniforms and badges, the police force patrolled the 2.5 miles of town on foot, seven days a week on twelve-hour shifts, using lanterns for night time patrols. Chief Arnold kept his officers busy and visible, soon putting them on horseback for more efficiency. By 1889, the population had grown to 35,000, Arnold’s force to 24, and his knowledge of the inadequacies of his manpower, equipment, and facilities clearly outlined in his annual report to the City Council.
Chief Arnold served Dallas for 17 years before an untimely hunting accident ended his life in February of 1898. A respected and beloved man, Chief Arnold is still praised today for the leadership and vision with which he built the Dallas Police Department. Even today, Arnold’s principles of personal integrity, service above self and protecting the public’s trust resound throughout the ranks of the Dallas Police Department.
Officer Rick Stone is reported to be the most highly decorated member in city history. Officer Stone's awards included the Police Medal of Valor, Police Commendation Award, Police Commendation Award with Star, Life Saving Award, Certificate of Merit, Distinguished Service Award and multiple lesser medals, unit awards and commendations. He was also a Parade Magazine/International Association Chiefs of Police "Officer of the Year" nominee and twice nominated as the department's "Officer of the Year". In May 2003, Officer Stone's contributions to the history of the department were chosen to be included in a series of bronze plaques, created by New York artist Greg Lefevre, that were installed at the entrance to the newly constructed police headquarters building. 
Line of duty deaths
According to The Officer Down Memorial Page, between 1892 and 2011, 80 members of the Dallas Police Department died in the line of duty. The best-known instance was the murder of Officer J. D. Tippit by Lee Harvey Oswald, approximately 40 minutes after Oswald shot President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963.
Other notable deaths include the murder of Officer Robert W. Wood on November 28, 1976, which was later examined in Errol Morris' documentary, The Thin Blue Line. Additionally, Senior Corporal Victor Lozada, a motorcycle officer in the Traffic Division, was killed on February 22, 2008, while serving as part of an escort to Senator Hillary Clinton's motorcade near downtown Dallas for a presidential campaign event; Senior Corporal Lozada's funeral was attended by over 4,500 police officers as well as Senator Clinton. Most recently, on January 6, 2009, Senior Corporal Norman Smith, an 18-year veteran, was shot and killed while attempting to serve an arrest warrant.
Killing of Santos Rodriguez
In July 1973, two Dallas police officers investigated a vending machine that had been robbed of eight dollars. Early in the morning of July 24, two children, Santos and David Rodriguez were taken from their home and brought to the scene of the crime. There, in order to scare twelve-year-old Santos Rodriguez into confessing, Officer Darrell L. Cain, after thinking he had emptied his service revolver of all its bullets, fired it at the boy. The second time he pulled the trigger, the gun discharged killing Santos Rodriguez who was still handcuffed. Though Cain was arrested and indicted soon afterwards and was still in jail pending bond, violence broke out. Darrell L. Cain was found guilty by a jury in November 1973 and sentenced five years in prison. He served half of it. The City of Dallas apologized to the Rodriguez family forty years later.
The department was criticized for the conviction of Randall Dale Adams who was prosecuted for murdering Officer Robert Wood and was given the death penalty. Adams admitted[dubious ] being in the vehicle that was stopped by Officer Wood but stated that another person in the car was the shooter. Both suspects were arrested but the investigation identified Adams as the trigger man. A Texas appeals court set aside the murder conviction of Adams, who spent 12 years behind bars, and ordered a retrial. The appellate judges found that Dallas County prosecutors had suppressed evidence and knowingly used perjured testimony to obtain a conviction against Adams for the 1976 slaying. The Dallas County District Attorney decided not to re-try the case based on the length of time since the original crime and Adams was released.
On March 18, 2009, NFL player Ryan Moats's mother-in-law, Jonetta Collinsworth, died from breast cancer. Moats, his wife Tamisha (Collinsworth's daughter) and other family members rushed to Baylor Regional Medical Center in Plano, Texas, when they were informed that she was close to death. After driving through a red light, Moats was stopped by police officer Robert Powell who delayed him for more than 10 minutes outside the hospital's emergency room, allowing the rest of the family to leave, even after Moats's ordeal was corroborated by a nurse in the hospital to Powell. Powell even drew his gun at Moats during the incident. By the time Moats reached Collinsworth, she had died. Moats questioned whether race could have played a factor in the interaction due to the nature and tone of the officer's remarks to the family; When asked if he felt if Officer Powell be fired, Moats said, "I really don't know. All I know is what he did was wrong. I mean, he stole a moment away from me that I can never get back. I'm really not the judge on what should happen to him. I think maybe his superiors and the Dallas police should handle what should happen to him." Officer Powell issued an apology to Moats. Police officials investigated Powell's actions; he was placed on administrative leave but later resigned from the department. After Moats' incident with Officer Powell, former Cowboy Zach Thomas acknowledged that Powell was the same officer who handcuffed and jailed his wife Maritza after she was pulled over for making an illegal u-turn in July 2008.
Fake drug scandal
Beginning on December 31, 2001, the local ABC-affiliate, WFAA, began broadcasting a series of investigative reports alleging that hundreds of pounds of cocaine and methamphetamine seized by undercover officers of the DPD Narcotics Division during 2001 were actually not illegal substances. The subsequent "fake drug" scandal led to dismissal of over 80 drug cases by the Dallas County District Attorney's office, multiple investigations, the indictment of three current or former DPD narcotics officers, the release of defendants (many whom were falsely accused Mexican immigrants) who had pleaded guilty to cases where later investigation revealed no illegal drugs were involved and the prosecution of multiple informants that had been used to make cases that were subsequently dismissed. In 2003, the Dallas City Manager fired Dallas Police Chief Terrell Bolton, due in part for his Department's lack of oversight of the Narcotics Dept. officers involved in these fake drug arrests. He sued the City of Dallas over that firing but his case was dismissed with prejudice in 2005. Many of the 25 victims of the false arrests and wrongful prosecution won Federal Civil Rights Violations lawsuit settlements and actual jury case awards against the City of Dallas. One attorney who sued the city on behalf of what was a large percentage of Mexican immigrants who spoke little English, said, "the total cost could climb to as much as $8 million once all 25 cases are resolved." 
Ronald Jones beating
In December 2009, Dallas police officers received word that two white men were fighting in the downtown area. Failing to locate the described men, Officer Matthew Antkowiak discovered a black man crossing the street and made a pedestrian stop of him which turned into a scuffle. Other officers then joined in. The man, Ronald Jones, ended up spending fourteen months in jail on various charges. When Jones’ defense attorney viewed video tapes of the beating, he believed that the police reports had been falsified. The City contended that while the reports were inaccurate and incomplete, this was attributed in part to Officer Antkowiak's inability to accurately relate the events to the officer that did the actual report (Officer Antkowiak claimed to have suffered a closed-head injury during the incident that aggravated a prior confirmed injury). Mr. Jones was released and in March 2014 awarded $1.1 million by the city to settle the matter. Officer Antkowiak retired on an unrelated medical claim and is no longer employed in law enforcement. He has set up a private firm to train policemen. No other disciplinary action was taken against any official.
|Executive Assistant Chief|
Members of the department who are captains and below are protected by the city's civil service system with promotion based on the results of competitive examinations. Senior corporals typically are officers who serve either as field training officers in the Patrol Division or who serve as detectives in one of the department's investigative units. The rank captain has not been in use since 1992, however, those who were captains were allowed to keep it as well as those who were demoted from any chief position, as chiefs once demoted must retain their last non-command rank. There are currently only two captains remaining as of 2013. Majors, deputy chiefs and assistant chiefs are appointed by the chief of police without examination and do not hold civil service protection for these ranks. Division commander and bureau commander are non-civil service titles based on assignments. Members may hold both assignment titles and civil service or appointive ranks simultaneously. Thursday, October 4, 2012, Chief David Brown created a new major rank in between captain and deputy chief.
Breakdown of the makeup of the rank and file of DPD as of April 2011:
- Male: 83.24%
- Female: 16.76%
- White: 55.41%
- African-American/Black: 24.54%
- Hispanic: 17.15%
- Asian: 1.73%
- Native American: 0.78%
- Other: 0.39%
In popular culture
- Police employee data by city agency, 2011
- Dallas Police Department Divisions
- "Decorated former Dallas officer wants chief chance". Dallas Morning News. September 15, 2003.
- "Dallas Police Department Page". Officer Down Memorial Page. 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
- "`Blue Line' inmate freed after 12 years". Chicago Tribune. March 22, 1989. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
- "Officer killed in Clinton motorcade". Dallas Morning News. February 22, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
- "Details unfold in Dallas officer's shooting death". Dallas Morning News. January 8, 2009. Retrieved December 25, 2011.
- Darrell L. Cain, Appellant vs. The State of Texas, Appellee
- Shooting horror still vivid memory for former policeman
- Violence erupts in protest of Dallas slaying
- Memorial turns into rock throwing melee
- Cain sentenced to five years for slaying
- Retired Officer Remembers The Night Santos Rodriguez Was Killed
- "Editorial: Dallas finally apologizes 40 years after police officer murdered boy". Dallas Morning News (Dallas, Texas). 2013-09-23. Retrieved 2014-05-11.
- "The Thin Blue Line Transcript". ErrolMorris.com. 2009. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
- Suro, Roberto (March 2, 1989). "CONVICTION VOIDED IN TEXAS MURDER". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
- Suro, Roberto (November 27, 1988). "DEATH ROW LUCK: 'I'M STILL ALIVE'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
- "Officer delayed Moats as relative died". ESPN.com. ESPN. March 26, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2009.
- "Ryan Moats Talks With The FAN". 105.3 The FAN. Retrieved April 1, 2009.
- Associated Press (April 1, 2009). "http://nbcsports.msnbc.com/id/29994542/". NBC Sports. Retrieved December 25, 2011.
- "Dallas police chief apologizes for conduct of officer who drew gun on NFL player outside hospital". The Dallas Morning News. March 26, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2009.
- J.D. Miles (2009-04-01). "DPD Cop Involved In Stop Of NFL Player Resigns". CBS11 News, Dallas. Retrieved 2009-04-01.[dead link]
- "Another Allegation Surfaces Against Dallas Police Officer". ESPN. Retrieved March 29, 2009.
- "Fake Drugs, real lives: The Evolution of a Scandal". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2008-03-18.
- Thomas Korosec (February 19, 2005). "Wrongly jailed immigrants in Dallas get $5.6 million". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved December 25, 2011.
- "Fake drug figure goes to jail". WFAA-TV. Archived from the original on 2008-05-06. Retrieved 2008-05-05.
- Dallas settles for $1.1 million in false arrest case, Rebecca Lopez, 26 March 2014, WFAA.COM retrieved 3 April 2014