|Name meaning||from personal name|
|Date of depopulation||Not known|
Dallata (Arabic: دلاّتة) was a Palestinian Arab village, located on a hilltop 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) north of Safad. Constructed upon an ancient site, it was known to the Crusaders as Deleha. Dallata was included in the late 16th century Ottoman census and British censuses of the 20th century. Its inhabitants were primarily agriculturalists, with some involved in carpentry or trade.
Dallata was depopulated during the 1948 Palestine war on around May 10, 1948 by the Palmach's First Battalion of Operation Yiftach. Following the establishment of Israel, the Israeli locality of Dalton was established about 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) southwest of the village site.
Dallata was located on the upper slope of a hill, built on the ruins of an ancient site that contained old structures like cisterns, and large pools. Excavations have found remains of settlements and agricultural installation from the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age. Tombs had been located in the vicinity.
An excavation carried out in 2006 on a location halfway between the center of Dallata and the new Israeli settlement of Dalton, found alluvial soil that contained worn Late Roman and Byzantine potsherds.
In 1517, the village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine, and in 1596 the village appeared in the tax registers as being in the nahiya (subdistrict) of Jira, liwa' (district) of Safad, with a population of 127 and it was reported that the inhabitants paid taxes on wheat, barley, olives, goats, beehives, vineyards, and a press for processing grapes or olives. All the inhabitants were Muslim.
The 2006 excavation found a structure dating to the Late Ottoman Period.
In 1875 Victor Guérin visited, and noted that all the inhabitants were Muslim. In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Dallata as being situated at the foot of a large hill, with about 100 Muslim residents. There were a few gardens around the village, and water was supplied from a well and a birket. The villagers worked primarily in agriculture throughout its history, and some worked in carpentry and trade.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Dallatha had a population of 204, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 256, still all Muslims, in a total of 43 houses.
In 1945, it had a population of 360, all classified as Arabs, with a total of 9072 dunums of land. Of this, 3,651 was allocated to cereal, 302 were used for orchards, while 36 dun ams were classified as built-up (urban) land. The village had a small school which had an enrollment of 37 students in 1945.
1948, and aftermath
Dallata was depopulated in the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine. The Israeli historian Benny Morris writes that the date and cause of the depopulation is unknown, while Walid Khalidi assumes it was occupied some time after the fall of the district capital of Safed, 10–11 May 1948. According to Khalidi, the indirect evidence points to the village being seized during Operation Yiftach, and, in that case, it was probably one of the villages attacked in the latter stages of the operation, like neighboring ‘Ammuqa, which was occupied on 24 May. The American historian Rosemarie Esber reports that Dallata was one of the villages that locals fled to in the first days of May 1948, when Fir'im, Mughr al-Khayt and Qabba'a were attacked with mortars by Israeli forces. Esber gives the depopulation date as 10 May 1948, and the causes twofold: "Direct mortar attacks on civilians, siege, shooting at fleeing Arabs", and "Terror raids, house demolitions, sniping, hostage-taking, looting, destruction of crop and livestock."
The Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi described the village remains in 1992: "All that remains are the debris of the houses scattered across the site, partly covered by grass, shrubs, and trees. A few stone terraces on village land are still intact, and some olive trees still grow. About 1 km south of the site lies the Israeli settlement of Dalton"
- Palmer, 1881, p. 71
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 69.
- According to Morris, 2004, p. xvi, village #40.
- Khalidi, 1992, p.443-4
- Bron, 2009, Dalton, Survey
- Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 206
- Smithline, 2008; Har Dalton Final Report
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 177. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 443
- 21 households and 2 bachelors, according to Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 177
- Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
- Guérin, 1880, pp. 443-444
- Conder & Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p.197. Quoted in Khalidi, p. 443
- Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Safad, p. 41
- Mills, 1932, p. 105
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 118
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 168
- Esber, 2008, pp. 332, 333
- Esber, 2008, p. 391
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Bron, Hendrik (Enno) (2009-12-26), Dalton, Survey Final Report (121), Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, Herbert H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 1. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress.
- Esber, Rosemarie M. (2008). Under the Cover of War, The Zionist Expulsions of the Palestinians. Arabicus Books & Media. ISBN 978-0-9815131-7-1.
- Guérin, Victor (1880). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 3: Galilee, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Rhode, Harold (1979). Administration and Population of the Sancak of Safed in the Sixteenth Century. Columbia University.
- Smithline, Howard (2008-09-04), Har Dalton Final Report (120), Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel
- Welcome To Dallata
- SWP map IV, IAA
- SWP map 4, Wikimedia commons
- Dallata, at Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center
- Dallata, Dr. Khalil Rizk.