Dalmeny

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Dalmeny (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 55°58′59″N 3°22′12″W / 55.983°N 3.370°W / 55.983; -3.370

Dalmeny
Scottish Gaelic: Dail Mheinidh, Dail M'Eithne
Dalmeny Kirk.jpg
Dalmeny Kirk, one of the finest Norman churches in Scotland
Dalmeny is located in Edinburgh
Dalmeny
Dalmeny
 Dalmeny shown within Edinburgh
Population 9,867 (2001)
OS grid reference NT1477
Civil parish Dalmeny
Council area City of Edinburgh
Lieutenancy area West Lothian
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town EDINBURGH
Postcode district EH30
Dialling code 0131
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Edinburgh West
Scottish Parliament Edinburgh Western
List of places
UK
Scotland
Edinburgh

Dalmeny (Scottish Gaelic: Dail Mheinidh) is a rural village and civil parish in Scotland. It is located on the south side of the Firth of Forth, 1 mile (1.6 km) east-southeast of South Queensferry and 8.3 miles (13.4 km) west-northwest of central Edinburgh. It is part of the region of Lothian, and falls under the local governance of the City of Edinburgh Council.

Name history[edit]

The name Dalmeny is either of Cumbric origin: deriving from Din Meini, "stony fort" cf. the earlier form Dunmanye (1562),[1] most likely referring to Castle Craig above the town; or potentially of Scottish Gaelic origin, being now Dail Mheinnidh or Dail M'Eithne in the modern language. This may refer to an ancient ecclesiastical settlement, dedicated to an obscure (female) saint Eithne. The local parish church may have been dedicated to her, but is now dedicated to St Cuthbert.

Infrastructure[edit]

The village has its own primary school, which teaches about a hundred pupils, and a railway station near the south end of the Forth Bridge, which also serves South Queensferry. At one time the village was served by a village shop and post office, but these have closed down due to competition from numerous out of town supermarkets.

Parish Church[edit]

Dalmeny Kirk interior
Fine 12th century vaulting within Dalmeny Kirk
well-detailed 12th century entrance to Dalmeny Kirk

The present church building dates from the early 12th century,[2] and is recognised as the finest Norman/Romanesque parish church still in use in Scotland, and one of the most complete in the United Kingdom, lacking only its original western tower, which was rebuilt in a sympathetic style in 1937.[3] The aisleless nave, choir and apse survive almost complete from the 12th century. The refined sculptural detail of the chancel and apse arches is notable, as is a series of powerful beast-head corbels supporting the apse vault. These features are also extremely well preserved, with the original tool-marks still visible. The elaborate south doorway is carved with the signs of the zodiac and an "agnus dei", enlivened with blind arcading above. The door is comparable to the north door at Dunfermline Abbey.[3] Nearby is a rare 12th-century sarcophagus carved with 13 doll-like figures (possibly Christ and the 12 apostles) in niches (now very weathered). The churchyard also has a number of fine 17th- and 18th-century gravestones.[2] Interrments in the churchyard include the advocate and historian John Hill Burton (1809–1881).

The north (Rosebery) aisle dates from 1671 and was remodelled in the late 19th century. This has elaborate but "inaccurate" Neo-Norman details.[3] The church is a category A listed building.[2]

As of 2009, the minister of the church is the Reverend David Cameron.[4]

Location[edit]

7th century stone coffin near the church entrance

When viewed from a distance the church appears to rise on a mound above the local topography. It is speculated that it is built on a pre-Christian burial mound.[5] This would mean that the graveyard predates the church. A second detached mound of smaller size lies on the east road out of the village. This pre-dating is further evidenced by the 7th century coffin stone near the door which appears to have been dug up during the 1937 restoration.

Village centre

Apart from its parish church, the most significant building is the 19th-century Dalmeny House, to the east of the village, which is the home of the Earls of Rosebery. The most notable earl was Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, who served as Prime Minister from 1894 to 1895. The village itself consists of 19th-century cottages along the main street, with 20th-century housing to the south close to the A90. To the south of the A90 is the Dalmeny Tank Farm, a large oil-storage facility operated by BP. The facility was constructed in the 1970s on a former oil shale mine, and is screened by a mound of the waste material from the mine. Oil is transferred to and from the site from tankers moored at the Hound Point Terminal in the Firth of Forth.[6]

Dalmeny, along with Queensferry, Kirkliston, Cramond, Silverknowes, Newbridge, Gogar and Cammo, forms the Almond electoral ward of City of Edinburgh Council.

Residents[edit]

  • John Chesser (1819–1892), architect, was born in Dalmeny and later succeeded his father as clerk of works to the Dalmeny Estate.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Watson, W. (1926) A History of Celtic Place-names of Scotland". Edinburgh
  2. ^ a b c "Dalmeny Kirk". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Buildings of Scotland:Lothian, by Colin McWilliam
  4. ^ "Welcome to Dalmeny Parish Church.". Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  5. ^ Investigation on pre-christian influences on christian architecture, dissertation, University of Edinburgh 1983 (Stephen C Dickson)
  6. ^ "Dalmeny Tank Farm". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "John Chesser". Dictionary of SCottish Architects. Retrieved 15 October 2013.