Dalnerechensk

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Dalnerechensk (English)
Дальнереченск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Дальнереченск, здание администрации.jpg
Administration building in Dalnerechensk
Dalnerechensk is located in Primorsky Krai
Dalnerechensk
Dalnerechensk
Location of Dalnerechensk in Primorsky Krai
Coordinates: 45°56′N 133°44′E / 45.933°N 133.733°E / 45.933; 133.733Coordinates: 45°56′N 133°44′E / 45.933°N 133.733°E / 45.933; 133.733
Coat of Arms of Dalnerechensk (Primorsky krai).png
Flag of Dalnerechensk (Primorsky kray).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of December 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Primorsky Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to Dalnerechensk Town Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Dalnerechensk Town Under Krai Jurisdiction,[1] Dalnerechensky District[2]
Municipal status (as of November 2012)
Urban okrug Dalnerechensky Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center of Dalnerechensky Urban Okrug,[3] Dalnerechensky Municipal District[4]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 27,604 inhabitants[5]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+10:00)[6]
Founded 1859[citation needed]
Town status since 1917[7]
Previous names Iman (until 1972)[8]
Postal code(s)[9] 692102, 692105, 692107, 692108, 692127, 692129–692133, 692135, 692136, 692138, 692139
Dialing code(s) +7 42356[citation needed]
Official website
Dalnerechensk on WikiCommons

Dalnerechensk (Russian: Дальнере́ченск) is a town in Primorsky Krai, Russia. Population: 27,604 (2010 Census);[5] 30,092 (2002 Census);[10] 33,596 (1989 Census).[11]

Names[edit]

It was originally known as Iman (Russian: Има́н; Chinese: 伊曼; pinyin: Yīmàn), but its Russian name was changed to Dalnerechensk (literally, a place at a remote river) in 1972[8] during a general campaign of cleansing the Chinese-derived toponyms in the Russian Far East. In Chinese, the name "Yiman" continues to be used.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

The town is located on the left bank of the Bolshaya Ussurka River, near its mouth in the Ussuri River which here forms the border between Russia and China. The Chinese border is about 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) from the town center. The town is also situated on the Malinovka River, which joins with the Bolshaya Ussurska within the town limits.

One can see the spurs of the Sikhote-Alin ranges from any point of the town in clear weather. Salskaya Hill, an extinct volcano on the banks of the Bolshaya Ussurka, is also situated close to the town. Closeness of the taiga and the mineral springs, Lastochka and Shmakovka, numerous lakes and rivers, an abundance of sunny days, and a quiet measured life of the town make Dalnerechensk a local tourist attraction.

History[edit]

It was founded by the Cossacks in 1859 as the stanitsa of Grafskaya (Гра́фская).[citation needed] A railway station was built later in conjunction with the construction of the railway between Khabarovsk and Vladivostok; now the eastern section of the Trans-Siberian Railway.[citation needed] The railway station and settlement were later named after the Iman River. The settlement quickly became a timber center due to the large pine, fir, and spruce trees in the area, and was granted town status in 1917.[7]

The town was heavily damaged during the Russian Civil War. In May 1920, Sergey Lazo, Alexey Lutsky, and Vsevolod Sibirtsev—three Bolsheviks taken prisoner by Japanese intervention troops after the Nikolayevsk Incident—were murdered by the White Army Cossacks at the Muravyovo-Amurskaya railway station near the town. This event was greatly expanded by the Soviet propaganda of later years; allegedly the three were burned alive in the firebox of a steam locomotive. The village and station at Muravyovo were renamed Lazo, as were a number of other places and streets in the krai.

The majority of the monuments in the town are devoted to the events of the Russian Civil War of 1918-1922 and World War II.

There is a memorial in the town where frontier-guards who died in 1969 during the Sino-Soviet border conflict on Damansky Island are buried. Sino-Soviet tensions following this event led to a campaign of changing Chinese-derived place names in the region, with the town being renamed Dalnerechensk in 1972.[8]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Dalnerechensk serves as the administrative center of Dalnerechensky District,[2] even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with four rural localities, incorporated separately as Dalnerechensk Town Under Krai Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Dalnerechensk Town Under Krai Jurisdiction is incorporated as Dalnerechensky Urban Okrug.[3]

Economy[edit]

The economy of the town is mainly represented by woodworking enterprises, such as JSC Les Export, JSC Primorsky DOK, JSC Dalnerechensky Lesokombinat, and others.

Transportation[edit]

The town has a station on the Trans-Siberian Railway, it is also connected by road to Vladivostok.

Climate[edit]

Dalnerechensk has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dwb) with quite dry and very cold winters and very warm and wet summers. Mean annual temperature in the town is +1.5 °C (34.7 °F). Temperature in July is +20.7 °C (69.3 °F) and in January it is −17.7 °C (0.1 °F).

Climate data for Dalnerechensk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
5.9
(42.6)
17.6
(63.7)
27.8
(82)
32.9
(91.2)
32.9
(91.2)
34.6
(94.3)
36.8
(98.2)
29.7
(85.5)
26.5
(79.7)
18.9
(66)
8.8
(47.8)
36.8
(98.2)
Average high °C (°F) −14.4
(6.1)
−9.6
(14.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
11.4
(52.5)
19.1
(66.4)
23.6
(74.5)
26.7
(80.1)
25.8
(78.4)
20.2
(68.4)
12.1
(53.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
−11.3
(11.7)
8.57
(47.43)
Daily mean °C (°F) −19.8
(−3.6)
−15.6
(3.9)
−6.1
(21)
5.0
(41)
12.4
(54.3)
17.6
(63.7)
21.2
(70.2)
20.4
(68.7)
13.8
(56.8)
5.5
(41.9)
−6.2
(20.8)
−16.6
(2.1)
2.63
(36.73)
Average low °C (°F) −24.8
(−12.6)
−21.3
(−6.3)
−11.6
(11.1)
−0.3
(31.5)
6.7
(44.1)
12.4
(54.3)
16.7
(62.1)
16.0
(60.8)
8.6
(47.5)
0.1
(32.2)
−11.1
(12)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−2.5
(27.52)
Record low °C (°F) −42.0
(−43.6)
−36.8
(−34.2)
−31.8
(−25.2)
−15.1
(4.8)
−3.7
(25.3)
2.1
(35.8)
5.3
(41.5)
4.4
(39.9)
−5.0
(23)
−16.2
(2.8)
−30.9
(−23.6)
−38.2
(−36.8)
−42
(−43.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 12.1
(0.476)
11.2
(0.441)
21.4
(0.843)
40.8
(1.606)
64.8
(2.551)
79.8
(3.142)
109.8
(4.323)
119.2
(4.693)
77.1
(3.035)
50.9
(2.004)
25.6
(1.008)
16.9
(0.665)
629.6
(24.787)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.7 8.4 10.3 11.3 11.0 10.5 12.8 11.9 8.8 11.0 10.2 13.1 130
 % humidity 74.2 69.8 64.6 61.7 63.9 73.5 80.8 81.5 75.5 66.2 69.2 73.9 71.23
Mean monthly sunshine hours 173.0 193.0 225.0 202.0 232.0 226.0 219.0 203.0 214.0 198.0 166.0 150.0 2,401
Source #1: climatebase.ru (1948-2011)[12]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[13]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Law #161-KZ
  2. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 05 207», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 05 207, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  3. ^ a b c Law #189-KZ
  4. ^ Law #190-KZ
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ a b Приморский крайисполком. "Приморский край. Административно-территориальное деление на 1 января 1968 г." Дальневосточное книжное издательство. Владивосток, 1968. Стр. 22.
  8. ^ a b c Министерство обороны СССР. Гидрографическая служба Краснознамённого Тихоокеанского флота. Извещения мореплавателям. Часть I. №134, 3 июля 1973 г. Выпуск №49.
  9. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Dalnerechensk, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 25, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Climate Normals for Dal'Nerecensk". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 25, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №161-КЗ от 14 ноября 2001 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Приморского края», в ред. Закона №331-КЗ от 19 декабря 2013 г. «Об изменении категории посёлка городского типа Горный, о преобразовании Горненского городского поселения, входящего в состав Кировского муниципального района Приморского края, и внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Приморского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красное знамя Приморья", №69 (119), 29 ноября 2001 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #161-KZ of November 14, 2001 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Primorsky Krai, as amended by the Law #331-KZ of December 19, 2013 On Changing the Category of the Urban-Type Settlement of Gorny, on the Transformation of Gornenskoye Urban Settlement Within Kirovsky Municipal District of Primorsky Krai, and on Amending Several Legislative Acts of Primorsky Krai. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №189-КЗ от 7 декабря 2004 г. «О Дальнереченском городском округе», в ред. Закона №123-КЗ от 13 ноября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Приморского края в связи с изменением наименований некоторых сельских населённых пунктов Приморского края». Вступил в силу с 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Ведомости Законодательного Собрания Приморского края", №78, 8 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #189-KZ of December 7, 2004 On Dalnerechensky Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #123-KZ of November 13, 2012 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Primorsky Krai Due to the Changes of Names of Some Rural Inhabited Localities of Primorsky Krai. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №190-КЗ от 7 декабря 2004 г. «О Дальнереченском муниципальном районе», в ред. Закона №339-КЗ от 8 февраля 2006 г «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Приморского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости Законодательного Собрания Приморского края", №78, 8 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #190-KZ of December 7, 2004 On Dalnerechensky Municipal District, as amended by the Law #339-KZ of February 8, 2006 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of Primorsky Krai. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).