Dalston

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For other uses, see Dalston (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 51°32′42″N 0°04′12″W / 51.545°N 0.070°W / 51.545; -0.070

Dalston
Dalston is located in Greater London
Dalston
Dalston
 Dalston shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ345845
    - Charing Cross 4 mi (6.4 km)  SW
London borough Hackney
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district E8
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Hackney South and Shoreditch
London Assembly North East
List of places
UK
England
London

Dalston /ˈdɔːlstən/ is a district of north-east London, England, located in the London Borough of Hackney. It is situated 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast of Charing Cross. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.[1] Its historical borders are Kingsland Road and Kingsland High Street in the west, London Fields in the east, Downs Park Road in the north and the Shoreditch parish boundary in the south. Its main shopping street, Kingsland High Street, follows the route of the Roman Ermine Street, and has the road number A10. Modern Dalston is often seen as the area surrounding both sides of Kingsland High Street, even though some of the west side is within the London Borough of Islington.

History[edit]

The name Dalston is thought to have derived from Deorlaf's tun (farm)[2] in much the same way as nearby Hoxton was named after the farm of 'Hoch'.

The village was one of four small villages within the Parish of Hackney (along with Newington, Shacklewell, and Kingsland) that were grouped for assessment purposes, together having only as many houses as the village of Hackney.

John Rocque's map of 1746 shows the village of Kingsland centred on the crossroads at what is now Dalston Junction and the small village of Dalston further east along Dalston Lane.

Around AD 1280 a leper hospital was founded in Dalston by the citizens of London and in AD 1549 it was attached to the chapel of St Bartholomew as an outhouse.

During the 18th and 19th centuries the area changed from an agricultural and rural landscape to urban one. By 1849, it was described as a recently increased suburban village, with some handsome old houses, and by 1859 the village had exceeded its neighbour and, with the railways and continuous building, the village of Kingsland disappeared.[3]

Redevelopment[edit]

The gentrification of the area has led to a rapid increase in the price of property. The process of change was accelerated by the East London line extension, now part of London Overground. The reopening of Dalston Junction Station on this extension was part of London's successful bid to hold the 2012 Olympics.[4]

Entertainment[edit]

The Dalston Culture House now houses the Vortex Jazz Club. (October 2005)

Dalston has always been an important transport and shopping centre. It was also, at one time, an important entertainment centre, with four or five cinemas within a radius of a ⅓ of a mile, and the Dalston Theatre, a former hippodrome and music hall that later became the Four Aces blues club and the Labyrinth nightclub. The Dalston Theatre was demolished in February 2007, despite an active local campaign to save it.[5]

The Dalston Rio. One of the few cinemas left in East London. (October 2005)

Dalston was a hub for 1970s and 1980s pub rock venues but these are largely defunct. However the new Dalston Culture House, the first wing of which has opened on Gillett Square, hosts the Vortex Jazz Club, moved from Stoke Newington in 2005.[6]

Notable people[edit]

Shopping[edit]

Dalston's Ridley Road market, October 2005.

Established in the 1880s, Ridley Road Market is opposite Dalston Kingsland railway station.[10] Fruit and vegetables, some fairly exotic, are available. Halal butchers cluster around the high street end of the market.

Ridley Road market is reputedly the basis for the one found in the BBC's EastEnders.[11] The Kingsland Shopping Centre (formerly Dalston Cross) is just south of Ridley Road market. Kingsland Road and the surrounding streets are home to an ever-growing number of trendy boutiques, bars and cafés.[citation needed]

Area profile[edit]

Dalston, looking south towards The City. A major traffic nexus. (October 2005)

Contemporary Dalston is a lively neighbourhood with an ethnically varied population. Architecturally it is a mixture of 18th and 19th century terraced houses and 20th century council estates. It is currently undergoing rapid gentrification, partly because of the redevelopment of the railway station at Dalston Junction and partly due to the revitalisation of large parts of east London in the build-up to the 2012 Olympics. (Hackney was one of the four host boroughs of the Games).

Dalston has attracted immigrants for over 100 years; at the turn of the century it was a popular area for newly arrived Jewish people from central Europe. In the fifties and sixties, as the Jewish community became more affluent and moved out, they were replaced by a large Caribbean community, which accounts for the wide choice of Caribbean food available in Ridley Road. As the Caribbean community slowly drifted out of Dalston it then became popular with the Turkish, as well as the Vietnamese. Recent arrivals include Poles, judging by the numbers of Polish delicatessens now appearing and other stores catering to Polish tastes.

Fassett Square was the inspiration for the BBC soap EastEnders. Originally, there were plans to film the series there, on location. However, Fassett Square (Albert Square) and Ridley Road Market (Walford Market) were rebuilt on the set in Elstree, near Borehamwood, to have a more controlled filming environment. The idea of Walford stems from Walford Road, and many of the houses on the show use the same exterior design. Coincidentally both Barbara Windsor and Tony Holland, one of the original creators of the show, lived at different times on the street.

That is not the only connection with entertainment industry. Around the corner, music hall artist Marie Lloyd (1870–1922) used to reside on Graham Road. The house now has a blue plaque.

In April 2009 The Guardian published an article on Dalston claiming that it was the "coolest" place to live in Britain.[12] In the same year however, sculpture park The Towers of Hackney was torn down to give way to new buildings.

Pop-culture references[edit]

Interior of St. Mark's church in Dalston, featured in 2007 film Run Fat Boy Run.
  • The 2007 film Run Fat Boy Run (directed by David Schwimmer) was filmed in Dalston (St. Mark's Conservation Area). Dennis (Simon Pegg) stays in a flat on Sandringham Road across the road from St. Mark's Church.
  • The third series of popular television show The Mighty Boosh takes place in Dalston.
  • Dalston Songs is a staged song cycle with seven singers created and composed by Helen Chadwick and choreographed by Steven Hoggett. It was based on interviews with people in East London about home and was performed in 2008 at the Royal Opera House.
  • The Will Self Club believes that after death, its members will be reincarnated to life eternal in Dalston, in line with teachings in their deity's masterpiece How The Dead Live.
  • Dalston is the second of 12 placenames associated with London mentioned in an overdubbed choral series on the Lily Allen song "LDN": "Angel, Dalston, Stockwell, Clapton, Soho, Ladbroke Grove...".
  • Britney Spears recorded the pop video for the song Criminal in Dalston in September 2011.[13]
  • British indie rock band Razorlight recorded a song called "Don't go back to Dalston", featured on their debut album Up All Night.
  • Connan Mockasin's song Forever Dolphin Love mentions Dalston.

Transport[edit]

Dalston has two stations, at Dalston Kingsland and Dalston Junction, both served by London Overground.

From 4 June 2011, bus route 488 was extended to Dalston from its previous terminus at Clapton. Cllr Feryal Demirci, Hackney's Cabinet Member for Neighbourhoods, said: 'The Council welcomes this new bus service linking Homerton, Clapton and Dalston. It will help support the regeneration of our principal town centre, especially around the new Dalston Junction Overground station and Dalston Square development.'[14]

Bus routes serving Dalston in daytime are 30, 38, 56, 67, 76, 149, 236, 242, 243, 277 and 488, and at nights 149, 242, 243, 277, N38 and N76.

Dalston used to have a bus garage on Shrubland Road, now demolished.

Districts within the London Borough of Hackney.

References[edit]

External links[edit]