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The unintuitive spelling of the name is due to it being an anglicisation of Gaelic Dail-gheal, meaning bright dale. The sound now spelled with a <y> or <z> is historically a lenited slender //, which in Gaelic is pronounced [j] (like English <y>). The English form of the name was originally spelled with a <ȝ> (yogh); this was later replaced with either a <z>, the letter of the modern alphabet which most looks like yogh, or a <y>, which more closely represents the sound.
The name originates from the former barony of Dalzell in Lanarkshire, in the area now occupied by Motherwell. The name Dalzell is first recorded in 1259, and Thomas de Dalzell fought at Bannockburn. The Dalzell lands were forfeited later in the 14th century, but regained through marriage in the 15th. Sir Robert Dalzell was created Lord Dalzell in 1628, and his son was further elevated in the peerage as Earl of Carnwath, in 1639. In 1645 the Dalzell estates were sold to the Hamiltons of Orbiston, who held them until the 20th century.
The Dalziel coat of arms is sable, a man's body proper, i.e. the flesh-coloured silhouette of a man against a black background. Scottish emigration has dispersed the Dalziel family across the English-speaking world.
People with this surname include:
- Dalyell baronets
- Sir John Graham Dalyell, Scottish antiquary and naturalist
- Tam Dalyell of the Binns (1615–1685), Scottish General, also spelled Dalzell or Dalziel
- Tam Dalyell (born 1932), British Labour politician
- Sir Thomas Dalyell of the Binns, 1st Baronet (died c. 1700)
- William J. Dalzell (1929-1994), US Navy, Retired; American Businessman
- John Dalzell (1845–1927), U.S. Representative
- Rick Dalzell (born 1957), American businessman
- Stewart Dalzell (born 1943), American judge
- Brothers Dalziel, a firm of Victorian engravers founded in 1839 by George and Edward Dalziel, and assisted by John and Thomas Dalziel (see below)
- Charles Dalziel (1904–1986), American professor of engineering
- Davison Dalziel, 1st Baron Dalziel of Wooler (1852–1928), Scottish businessman and Conservative politician
- Gordon Dalziel (born 1962), Former Scottish Footballer and Manager
- Henry Dalziel (1893–1965), Australian war hero
- Henry Dalziel, 1st Baron Dalziel of Kirkcaldy (1868–1935), Scottish Liberal politician
- Ian Dalziel (born 1947), British businessman and politician
- Keith Dalziel (1921–1994), Biochemist and Fellow of The Royal Society
- Lianne Dalziel (born 1960), New Zealand MP
- Ryan Dalziel (born 1982), British race car driver
- Scott Dalziel (born 1985), Scottish footballer
- Thomas Dalziel (1823–1906), engraver
- Diana Vreeland (1903-1989), born Diana Dalziel, noted fashion magazine editor
- Graeme Dalziel (born 1956), Former Chief Executive of Dunfermline Building Society, Finance Director of the Year 2001 and HRH Prince of Wales Ambassador for Scottish Business in the Community 2004
- John Dalziel (born 1982), Radio presenter
- Andrew Dalziel, fictitious detective in literature and television, part of the team Dalziel and Pascoe created by Reginald Hill.
- Royce Varisey, tenth Duke of Wolverstone went by the codename 'Dalziel' (his mother's family name) throughout the Napoleonic Wars in the Bastion Club series of romance novels by Stephanie Laurens.
- The would-be heroic Willie Dalzel, a boy of about six or eight and friend to Jimmie Trescott, is a minor character in Stephen Crane's novella, The Monster (1898).
Motherwell still contains Dalziel Parish, a congregation of the Church of Scotland, as well as the Dalzell Steelworks, now owned by Tata. The estate of Dalziel House, the former home of the Baron Hamilton of Dalzell, is now a country park on the south side of the town. Dalziel Rugby Club play at Dalziel Park in nearby Carfin. The name is also used by several Motherwell-based institutions, including Dalziel High School and the former Dalziel Co-operative Society. Dalziel Park Stadium was a nineteenth-century football stadium that was the home of the town's football team Motherwell F.C..
|This page or section lists people with the surname Dalzell. If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name(s) to the link.|
|This page or section lists people with the surname Dalziel. If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name(s) to the link.|