Daman, Daman and Diu
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2012)|
|State||Daman and Diu|
|• Member of Parliament||Lalubhai Patel|
|• Administrator||Ashish Kundra, IAS|
|• District Collector||Gaurav rajawat, IAS|
|• Total||72 km2 (28 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|Population (2011 Census)|
|• Density||2,700/km2 (6,900/sq mi)|
|• Official||Gujarati , English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||1.69 ♂/♀|
Daman is divided by the Daman Ganga River into two parts, namely Nani-daman (Nani meaning "small") and Moti-daman (Moti meaning "big"). Ironically, Nani-daman is the larger of the two towns. It is the downtown area that holds most of the important entities like the major hospitals, supermarkets and major residential areas. While Moti-daman is mainly the old city inhabited mostly by the fishing communities and government officers (most of the public offices are located there). Both Nani-daman and Moti-daman are connected to each other by two bridges (one for light vehicles like two-wheelers and the other for heavy vehicles like trucks, cars etc.). The smaller bridge collapsed in August, 2003 killing 28 school children. The bridge was rebuilt but it collapsed again. No casualties were caused. Later that year, again, the bridge was engineered and now is prohibited for public use. A new bridge, Rajiv Gandhi Sethu, has been constructed that connects two parts of Daman i.e. Nani Daman and Moti Daman.
Located 193 kilometres (120 mi) north of Mumbai, Daman, along with neighbouring Vapi, Bhilad-Sarigam, Bilimora and Silvassa form an important manufacturing hub. A variety of products like pesticides, chemicals, fertilizers, toys, electronics, dyes, printing ink, windmills, plastics, etc. are manufactured here.
Daman is well-connected to other parts of India primarily though NH-8. The neighbouring city Vapi (located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) & Bhilad - W/Railway located 19 km from MotiDaman) is connected to the Indian rail network.
The Portuguese Diogo de Melo arrived at the spot by chance in 1523, when heading towards Ormuz but caught in a violent storm and having his boat blown towards the coast of Daman. Soon after it was settled as a Portuguese colony and remained so for over 400 years. A larger fort was built in Motidaman in the 16th century to guard against the Mughals who ruled the area until the Portuguese arrived. It still stands today, most of it preserved in its original form. Today the majority of the municipal government offices are situated inside this fort.
Daman was incorporated into the Republic of India in December 1961 after a battle between the Portuguese and the Indians. The battle left 4 Indians dead and 14 wounded, and 10 Portuguese dead and 2 wounded.
There are many small villages around Daman, such as Bhenslore, Kunta, Bhimpor, Kadaiya,Devka Mangelad, Varkund and Khariwar. These villages mainly act as residential areas for lower-middle-class families. Here Varkund is the biggest village in Daman,which has a big megastructure which is called "The Deltin" which is India's ultimate lifestyle and entertainment experience. It provides an exceptional combination of a five-star resort, nightclub, speciality dining, spa, meeting services and member's club along with many more world class features in one trendsetting destination to create extraordinary experiences, it is the fourth (4th) licence for a casino in India
Daman has a humid subtropical climate according to the Köppen climate classification. Temperature ranges from 23-42 in summer, 19-36 in monsoon, 15-30 in spring and autumn and 10-24 in winter.It has heavy monsoons with lots of rain. The place is best to visit in winter.
|Climate data for Daman, India (1961-1990)|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.1
|Average low °C (°F)||15.7
|Precipitation mm (inches)||0
According to the 2011 census Daman District, India has a population of 191,173, roughly equal to the nation of Samoa. This gives it a ranking of 592nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 2,655 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,880/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 69.256%. Daman has a sex ratio of 533 females for every 1,000 males, and a literacy rate of 88.06%.
Most of the population in Daman consists of skilled and educated migrant workers (from all over India) who reside in Daman for a period of around 4 to 5 years. The local population consists of mostly fishermen called Tandels in Gujarati. The major part of the population is a mixture of Hindus, Muslims and Christians, with Hindus being dominant in number. There has never been any communal violence reported in this area.
Daman is a popular tourist destination, mainly due to the freedom to drink liquor, which is prohibited in the neighboring state of Gujarat. It mainly attracts tourists from neighboring areas like Vapi, Bhilad, Valsad, Surat and even Baroda. The two well-known beaches of Daman are Devka beach and Jampore beach ,which are in Nani-Daman and Moti-Daman respectively.
Indian Coast Guard
Indian Coast Guard Air Station, Daman is the premier Air Station of the Coast Guard and with all the airfield facilities, Air Traffic Control and other allied Air Traffic Services. The Air Station is equipped with state of art Airport Surveillance Radar (ASR), Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI), Doppler Very High Frequency Omni directional Radio Range (DVOR) – Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) & Non Directional Beacon (NDB), as Navigational Aids. This Air Station provides ATC and parking facilities to Defence as well as civil aircraft.
Schools and colleges
- Institute of our lady of Fatima, Convent, Moti Daman
- Divya Jyoti English High & Higher Secondary School, Dabhel, Daman.
- Divya Jyoti Hindi Medium School, Dabhel, Daman.
- Coast Guard Public School, Nani-Daman.
- MGM High School, Nani-Daman ( Sarvajanik High School).
- Government Higher Secondary School, Nani-Daman.
- Government Higher Secondary School, Moti-Daman.
- Government Polytechnic Daman (top engineering institute)
- Shree Machchi Mahajan English Medium School, Nani-Daman.
- Stealla Maris English School,Daman
- Government College, Nani-Daman.
- Government Primary School Devka Mangelwad, Nani-Daman
- U.T. Administration of Daman and Diu
- Singh, Kumar Suresh (1995). Daman and Diu. People of India XIX. Popular Prakashan. p. 3. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
- Anil Shorey (21 February 1999). "The Forgotten Battles of Daman and Diu". The Tribune. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
- Chakravorty, Dr. B.C. (2008). "Operation Vijay". Bharat Rakshak. Retrieved 12/18/2010.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison: Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.