Daman and Diu

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Daman and Diu
दमण आणि दीव
Damão e Diu
દમણ અને દીવ
Union Territory
Vrinda kunda
Vrinda kunda
Official logo of Daman and Diu
Seal of Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu is located in India
Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
Coordinates: 20°25′N 72°50′E / 20.42°N 72.83°E / 20.42; 72.83Coordinates: 20°25′N 72°50′E / 20.42°N 72.83°E / 20.42; 72.83
Country India
Union territory Daman and Diu
Established 30 May 1987
Capital Daman
Government
 • Member of Parliament Lalubhai Patel
 • Administrator Ashish Kundra, IAS
Area
 • Total 102 km2 (39 sq mi)
Area rank 5th (among u.t.)
Population (2011)
 • Total 242,911
 • Rank 6th (among union territories)
 • Density 2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official English,
Gujarati,
Hindi,
Marathi
 • Spoken languages Portuguese
(inc. Daman Portuguese)
Konkani
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-DD
No. of districts 2
HDI Increase 0.754 (2005)
HDI Category high
Sex ratio 1.61 /

Daman and Diu /dəˈmɑːn/ & /ˈd/ (About this sound locally ) is a union territory in India.

History[edit]

St. Paul's Church in Diu

For over 450 years, the coastal exclaves of Daman and Diu on the Arabian Sea coast were part of Portuguese India, along with Goa and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman, and Diu were incorporated into the Republic of India on 19 December 1961 by military conquest. Portugal did not recognise the Indian annexation of these territories until 1974.

The territory of "Goa, Daman, and Diu" were administered as a single union territory until 1987, when Goa was granted statehood, leaving Daman and Diu as a separate union territory. Each enclave constitutes one of the union territory's two districts. Daman and Diu are approximately 198 kilometres away from each other.

Languages[edit]

English, Hindi, Gujarati, and Marathi are the official languages to be used in the territory.[1][2][3] English is increasingly accepted for official purposes. As well, the Warli and Agri dialects of Konkani are also used.

The use of Portuguese is in decline and relegated to home use or as a liturgical language as it is no longer taught in schools, no longer used by the media and not endorsed by the government. Standard Portuguese existing in a post-creole continuum with Daman and Diu Portuguese is spoken by about 10–12,000 people in Daman.


Administration[edit]

According to the Constitution of India, Administration of Daman and Diu is carried out by an Administrator appointed by President of India. An Administrator is an agent of the President not the head of state like a governor. Previously this post was held by Shri B. S. Bhalla, 1990 batch IAS Officer. He was assisted by a number of other officers in carrying out his duty.Currently this post is held by Ashish Kundra.

Districts[edit]

International Relations[edit]

Daman is twin town of the city of Coimbra, in Portugal.[5] And Diu Island is twinned with the city of Loures, also in Portugal.[6]

Economy[edit]

Daman and Diu's gross state domestic product for 2005 is estimated at US$156 million in current prices.

Education[edit]

In Daman the most popular schools are: Institute of Our Lady of Fátima located in Moti Daman; Coast Guard Public School in Nani Daman; Sarvajanik Vidyalaya in Nani Daman; Shri Macchi Mahajan High School in Nani Daman; and other government institutions. There is also Daman College which has most of the educational facilities.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, the lowest female to male ratio in India (618 females per thousand males) was recorded in Daman and Diu.[7] The Daman district, with a female to male ratio of 533, is among the lowest of all the districts in India.

Transportation[edit]

Daman & Diu are well connected by roads and railways. Diu has a commercial airport, while Daman has an Indian Navy air base.


Media and communications[edit]

Print media[edit]

Gujarati

English

Marathi

Hindi

Telecommunications[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Notification. india.gov.in
  2. ^ Daman and Diu. Tourism of India. Retrieved on 2014-05-08.
  3. ^ Daman & Diu. Whereincity.com (1961-12-16). Retrieved on 2014-05-08.
  4. ^ "Census Population" (PDF). Census of India. Ministry of Finance India. Retrieved 2008-12-18. 
  5. ^ "Damão, Índia". coimbra.pt (in Portuguese). Coimbra, Portugual: Câmara Municipal de Coimbra. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-17. 
  6. ^ "Município - Cooperação externa - Diu". cm-loures.pt (in Portuguese). Loures, Portugual: Câmara Municipal de Loures. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-17. 
  7. ^ "Ranking of States and Union territories by population size : 1991 and 2001". Government of India (2001). Census of India. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 2012-05-12. 

External links[edit]