Daman and Diu
|Daman and Diu
दमण आणि दीव
Damão e Diu
દમણ અને દીવ
|Union territory||Daman and Diu|
|Established||30 May 1987|
|• Member of Parliament||Lalubhai Patel|
|• Administrator||Ashish Kundra, IAS|
|• Total||102 km2 (39 sq mi)|
|Area rank||5th (among u.t.)|
|• Rank||6th (among union territories)|
|• Density||2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)|
|• Official||English, Gujarati, Hindi, Marathi, Portuguese|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-DD|
|No. of districts||2|
|Sex ratio||1.61 ♂/♀|
For over 450 years, the coastal exclaves of Daman and Diu on the Arabian Sea coast were part of Portuguese India, along with Goa and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman, and Diu were incorporated into the Republic of India on 19 December 1961 by military conquest. Portugal did not recognise the Indian annexation of these territories until 1974.
The territory of "Goa, Daman, and Diu" were administered as a single union territory until 1987, when Goa was granted statehood, leaving Daman and Diu as a separate union territory. Each enclave constitutes one of the union territory's two districts. Daman and Diu are approximately 198 kilometres away from each other.
English, Hindi, Gujarati, and Marathi are the official and main languages. The use of Portuguese is in decline because it is no longer taught at school. However, a number of elderly people can still understand it, some even preferring to speak it at home. In addition to standard Portuguese, there are also two declining Portuguese-based creole languages in Daman (known as Língua da Casa, "Home Language") and Diu (Língua dos Velhos, "Elders' Language"). English is increasingly accepted for official purposes. As well, the Warli and Agri dialects of Konkani are also used.
|Source:Census of India|
According to the Constitution of India, Administration of Daman and Diu is carried out by an Administrator appointed by President of India. An Administrator is an agent of the President not the head of state like a governor. Previously this post was held by Shri B. S. Bhalla, 1990 batch IAS Officer. He was assisted by a number of other officers in carrying out his duty.Currently this post is held by Ashish Kundra.
- Diu District, an area of 40 km². The main settlement is the town of Diu.
- Daman District, an area of 28 sq mi or 72 km². The main settlement is the city of Daman.
Daman and Diu's gross state domestic product for 2005 is estimated at US$156 million in current prices.
In Daman the most popular schools are: Institute of Our Lady of Fátima located in Moti Daman; Coast Guard Public School in Nani Daman; Sarvajanik Vidyalaya in Nani Daman; Shri Macchi Mahajan High School in Nani Daman; and other government institutions. There is also Daman College which has most of the educational facilities.
In the 2011 census, the lowest female to male ratio in India (618 females per thousand males) was recorded in Daman and Diu. The Daman district, with a female to male ratio of 533, is among the lowest of all the districts in India.
Daman & Diu are well connected by roads and railways. Diu has a commercial airport, while Daman has a Indian Navy air base.
Media and communications
- Deccan Chronicle
- The Times of India
- Hindustan Times
- The Hindu
- The Business Line
- The Economic Times
- The New Indian Express
- The Hans India
- Airtel, Aircel, BSNL, Idea Cellular, Reliance Mobile, Tata Docomo, Vodafone etc.
- Satellite Television:
- Airtel digital TV, Dish TV, Reliance Digital TV, TATA Sky.
- All India Radio, FM.
- Notification. india.gov.in
- Daman and Diu. Tourism of India. Retrieved on 2014-05-08.
- Daman & Diu. Whereincity.com (1961-12-16). Retrieved on 2014-05-08.
- "Census Population" (PDF). Census of India. Ministry of Finance India. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
- "Damão, Índia". coimbra.pt (in Portuguese). Coimbra, Portugual: Câmara Municipal de Coimbra. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
- "Município - Cooperação externa - Diu". cm-loures.pt (in Portuguese). Loures, Portugual: Câmara Municipal de Loures. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
- "Ranking of States and Union territories by population size : 1991 and 2001". Government of India (2001). Census of India. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 2012-05-12.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Daman and Diu.|