Daman and Diu

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Daman and Diu
Damão e Diu
દમણ અને દીવ
दमण आणि दीव
Union Territory
Vrinda kunda
Vrinda kunda
Official logo of Daman and Diu
Seal of Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu is located in India
Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu
Coordinates: 20°25′N 72°50′E / 20.42°N 72.83°E / 20.42; 72.83Coordinates: 20°25′N 72°50′E / 20.42°N 72.83°E / 20.42; 72.83
Country India
Union territory Daman and Diu
Established 30 May 1987
Capital Daman
Government
 • Administrator B. S. Bhalla, IAS
Area
 • Total 102 km2 (39 sq mi)
Area rank 5th (among u.t.)
Population (2011)
 • Total 242,911
 • Rank 6th (among union territories)
 • Density 2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official English, Gujarati, Hindi, Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-DD
No. of districts 2
HDI Increase 0.754 (2005)
HDI Category high

Daman and Diu /dəˈmɑːn/ & /ˈd/ (About this sound locally ) is a union territory in India.

History[edit]

St. Paul's Church in Diu

For over 450 years, the coastal exclaves of Daman and Diu on the Arabian Sea coast were part of Portuguese India, along with Goa and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman, and Diu were incorporated into the Republic of India on 19 December 1961 by military conquest. Portugal did not recognise the Indian annexation of these territories until 1974.

The territory of "Goa, Daman, and Diu" were administered as a single union territory until 1987, when Goa was granted statehood, leaving Daman and Diu as a separate union territory. Each enclave constitutes one of the union territory's two districts. Daman and Diu are approximately 198 kilometres away from each other.

Languages used[edit]

English, Hindi, Gujarati, and Marathi are the official[1] and main languages.[2][3] The use of Portuguese is in decline because it is no longer taught at school. However, a number of elderly people can still understand it, some even preferring to speak it at home. In addition to standard Portuguese, there are also two declining Portuguese-based creole languages in Daman (known as Língua da Casa, "Home Language") and Diu (Língua dos Velhos, "Elders' Language"). English is increasingly accepted for official purposes. Warli and agri two dilects of Konkani which are widely used.


Administration[edit]

According to the Constitution of India, Administration of Daman and Diu is carried out by an Administrator appointed by President of India. An Administrator is an agent of the President not the head of state like a governor. Currently this post is held by Shri B. S. Bhalla, 1990 batch IAS Officer. He is assisted by a number of other officers in carrying out his duty.

Districts[edit]

  • Diu District, an area of 40 km². The main settlement is the town of Diu.
  • Daman District, an area of 28 sq mi or 72 km². The main settlement is the city of Daman.

International Relations[edit]

Daman and Diu is twinned with:

Economy[edit]

Daman and Diu's gross state domestic product for 2005 is estimated at US$156 million in current prices.

Education[edit]

In Daman the most popular schools are: Institute of Our Lady of Fátima located in Moti; Coast Guard Public School in Nani; Sarvajanik Vidyalaya in Nani; Shri Macchi Mahajan High School in Nani; and other government institutions. There is also Daman College which has most of the educational facilities.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, the lowest female to male ratio in India (618 females per thousand males) was recorded in Daman and Diu.[5] The Daman district, with a female to male ratio of 533, is among the lowest of all the districts in India.

Transportation[edit]

Audi Q7 SUV with Daman transport number

Media and communications[edit]

Print media[edit]

Gujarati

English

Hindi

Telecommunications[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Notification. india.gov.in
  2. ^ Daman and Diu. Tourism of India. Retrieved on 2014-05-08.
  3. ^ Daman & Diu. Whereincity.com (1961-12-16). Retrieved on 2014-05-08.
  4. ^ "Census Population" (PDF). Census of India. Ministry of Finance India. Retrieved 2008-12-18. 
  5. ^ "Ranking of States and Union territories by population size : 1991 and 2001". Government of India (2001). Census of India. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 2012-05-12. 

External links[edit]