Damat Ibrahim Pasha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Ibrahim Pasha (disambiguation).
Damat
Ibrahim
Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
6 January 1599 – 10 July 1601
Monarch Mehmed III
Preceded by Cerrah Mehmed Pasha
Succeeded by Yemişçi Hasan Pasha
In office
5 December 1596 – 3 November 1597
Monarch Mehmed III
Preceded by Cigalazade Yusuf Sinan Pasha
Succeeded by Hadım Hasan Pasha
In office
4 April 1596 – 27 October 1596
Monarch Mehmed III
Preceded by Koca Sinan Pasha
Succeeded by Cigalazade Yusuf Sinan Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
In office
1583–1585
Preceded by Hadım Hasan Pasha
Succeeded by Defterdar Sinan Pasha
Personal details
Born 1517
Croatia or Sanjak of Bosnia, Ottoman Empire
Died 1601 (aged 83–84)
Spouse(s) Ayşe
Religion Sunni Islam

Damat Ibrahim Pasha (Turkish: Damat İbrahim Paşa; 1517–1601) was an Ottoman statesman who held the office of grand vizier three times (the first time from 4 April to 27 October 1596; the second time from 5 December 1596 to 3 November 1597; and for the third and last time, from 6 January 1599 to 10 July 1601.[1] He is known as the conqueror of Kanije.

He is also called with the title damat' ("bridegroom"), because he was a bridegroom to the Ottoman dynasty by marrying Ayşe, one of the sultan's daughters. He is not to be confused with either Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha, illustrious grand vizier of Suleiman the Magnificent, another devşirme and "Damat" to the Ottoman court, or with Nevşehirli Damat Ibrahim Pasha, who held office in early 18th century during the Tulip Era in the Ottoman Empire.

Biography[edit]

According to Turkish sources, he was "Bosnian or Croatian".[2] He may have been born in Domislica,[citation needed] a town near Tešanj, at the time part of the Sanjak of Bosnia (after 1580, administratively part of the Bosnia Eyalet).

He rose in the ranks during the period when virtual authority and influence was held by Sokollu Mehmed Pasha. In 1581, shortly after Mehmed Pasha's death, Ibrahim Pasha married Ayşe, daughter of the reigning Murad III and became governor of Egypt. But due to his absence from the capital and with Sokollu Mehmed Pasha dead, his influence waned for the rest of the reign of Murad III.

He made a comeback under the reign of Mehmed III, becoming grand vizier in 1596 for the first time. His recall was particularly due to the loss of territories in the border regions between the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Monarchy in Hungary. Rather than dashing toward immediate action, he distinguished himself as an orderly, methodical, and prudent statesman who preferred to start by conducting a review of the entire Ottoman administrative system based on the focal point of the prepared campaign against Austria. The campaign as such proved a success and the Ibrahim Pasha acquired the title of "the conqueror of Eger" (north-east of Budapest) for his sultan, although he was the one who held the effective command. Since he favored solidifying the state structure and the gains acquired rather than pursuing Austrians, for which he has been dismissed from the post of grand vizier, at first for a short interval of forty-five days at the end of 1596, and then for a second time at the end of the following year.

The Damat Ibrahim Pasha mosque in the Fatih district of Istanbul.

He was called back to the grand vizier post in 1599 on the condition that he was to launch a campaign against Austria. He started his campaign by feigning to menace Vienna directly by heading toward Esztergom (conquered by Süleyman the Magnificent in 1543 and lost back in 1595) but finally spent the winter in Belgrade. Then he began to put pressure on Austria through a more southern route by besieging the castle of Kanije. The Turkish slaves in the castle exploded the powder magazines and very badly damaged the walls. But the castle had still not surrendered and an army of 20,000 soldiers commanded by Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur arrived to the assistance of the besieged. But the Ottoman Army finally defeated both of the armies and the castle surrendered. Tiryaki Hasan Pasha had been appointed as the governor of the newly conquered city.

Kanije had been transformed into the centre of new Ottoman attacks in Central Europe. In September 1601, an attempt by a huge Austrian army to take back the castle was thwarted by the governor Tiryaki Hasan Pasha. Damat Ibrahim Pasha died the same year. Esztergom was retaken by the Ottoman Empire in 1605.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971 (Turkish)
  2. ^ Necdet Sevinç (1985). Osmanlı sosyal ve ekonomik düzeni. Üçdal Neşriyat. "Damat İbrahim Paşa — Milliyeti : Boşnak yahut Hırvat," 
Political offices
Preceded by
Hadım Hasan Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
1583–1585
Succeeded by
Defterdar Sinan Pasha
Preceded by
Koca Sinan Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
4 April 1596 – 27 October 1596
Succeeded by
Cigalazade Yusuf Sinan Pasha
Preceded by
Cigalazade Yusuf Sinan Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
4 December 1596 – 3 November 1597
Succeeded by
Hadım Hasan Pasha
Preceded by
Cerrah Mehmed Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
6 January 1599 – 10 July 1601
Succeeded by
Yemişçi Hasan Pasha