Damian (Kokoneshi)

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Archbishop Damian and other member of the delegation of the Albanian Autocephalic Orthodox Church on their way to Moscow, 1958

Archbishop Damian (Albanian: Kryepeshkop Damian, secular name Dhimitër Kokoneshi; 1886 - October 8, 1973, Pogradec) was the primate of the Orthodox Autocephalous Church of Albania since April 1966 until February 1967 when the religion was abolished in Albania.[1]

Kokoneshi was born in Mokër, near Pogradec in Albania, previously known as the Ottoman Empire in 1886. He descended from a family of Vlach roots.[citation needed] His early education included the Normal School of Monastir in 1896, and the Academy of Theology in Ioannina in 1925.[2] On 27 November 1918, the Émigré Albanian Orthodox clerics signed a petition sent to the US President Woodrow Wilson asking support for the Autocephaly of the Albanian Church, based on the fact that Albania was an independent country. The petition was signed by Father Theofan Stilian Noli, Father Damian Kokoneshi, Father Naum Cëre, Father Vasil Marko Kondili, Father Pando Sinica, and Father Vangjel Çamçe (Agathangjeli). The petition was supported again by the Albanian Church Assembly ("Kuvendi Kishëtar") on 30 July 1919 in Boston, MA. It would be the Congress of Berat of 12 September 1922 where the Autocephaly was proclaimed de-facto leader.[3]

Kokoneshi was well known in his native region, in 10 February 1942 he lead a delegation of Mokër leaders to a meeting with representatives of the National Liberation Movement. The meeting lead to the formation of partisan battalion in the region, and Kokoneshi (back then referred as Papa Dhimitër Kokoneshi) joined the movement.[4] Similar to his predecessor, Paisius (Vodica), Kokoneshi and the new regime showed mutual support and respect.[1][5]

In January 1948, with the rank of archpriest, he visited Moscow as a member of the Albanian Orthodox Church delegation.[6]
In 1952, Kokoneshi was consecrated bishop of Gjirokastra. In 1958 he visited the USSR again with a delegation of the Church of Albania.

In April 1966, after the death of Archbishop Paisius, the Holy Synod of the Albanian Orthodox Church elected bishop Damian as Archbishop of Tirana and all of Albania.

He was arrested in 1967 during the beginning of the massive anti-religious campaign of that time in Albania. Religion would be abolished in Socialist People's Republic of Albania and many clerics would be arrested and imprisoned. Properties of the four religion communities would be confiscated. Many of the clerics who were spared were required to work at menial jobs.[7]
According to Elsie, Kokoneshi died in prison in November 1973.[8][need quotation to verify] According to other sources, and at most likelihood, he was arrested and shortly imprisoned, and after that released to retire at his home in Pogradec where he died in October 1973.[7] Orthodox world got to know of his death only in May 1974.[9] The pro-communist background and the age helped the Archbishop against any severe persecution, which was common to the high level clerics those days.

Recognition[edit]

Kokoneshi had declared a Honorary Citizen of Korçë County in 2003 for his contribution in establishing the Autocephalic Albanian Orthodox Church.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b La Civiltà cattolica, Issues 3727-3732 IV (3730), Nov 19, 2005, p. 348, ISSN 0009-8167 
  2. ^ Llazi Tona (March 2009), Ne labirinthet e monumenteve kulturore, historike te perbotshme (in Albanian) (3 (119)), Gazeta Mokra, p. 5, retrieved 2014-01-22 
  3. ^ Jorgoni, Elida (May 28, 2012), At Theofan Stilian Noli, Kryepeshkopi reformator (in Albanian), Gazeta Dielli, retrieved 2014-01-22 
  4. ^ Llazi Tona (2013-12-19), Atdhetarë të shquar të Shqipërisë (in Albanian), Gazeta Zeri i Popullit, retrieved 2014-01-22 
  5. ^ Enver Hoxha (1984), Laying the Foundations of the New Albania, Memoirs and Historical Notes, "8 Nëntori" Publishing House, p. 273, OCLC 12948990, "...such patriotic clergymen as Baba Laze and Baba Fejzo, Hafez Halil Tophana and Hafez Zagonjori, Father Pashko Vodica and Father Kokone- shi, Father Ilia Zagali, Muco the dervish, ..." 
  6. ^ Шкаровский, Михаил Витальевич (2009-08-25), Албанская Православная Церковь в годы II Мировой войны (in Russian), Bogoslov.ru, retrieved 2014-01-22 
  7. ^ a b Lucian Leustean (May 19, 2011), Eastern Christianity and the Cold War, 1945-91, Routledge Studies in the History of Russian and Eastern Europe, Routledge, p. 150, ISBN 978-0415673365 
  8. ^ Robert Elsie A Dictionary of Albanian Religion, Mythology and Folk Culture
  9. ^ Глава VII. Албанская Православная Церковь
  10. ^ Këshilli i Qarkut Korçë: Figura të shquara të Qarkut të Korçës të dekoruara në vitin 2001-2012 (in Albanian)