Damian Marley

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Damian Marley
Damian Marley 2011.jpg
Background information
Birth name Damian Robert Nesta Marley
Born (1978-07-21) July 21, 1978 (age 36)
Kingston, Jamaica
Genres Reggae, roots reggae, dancehall, Hip hop
Occupations Musician, Singer, Songwriter, Rapper, Record Producer
Years active 1996–present
Labels Tuff Gong, Ghetto Youth International, Republic
Associated acts Ky-Mani Marley, Ziggy Marley, Stephen Marley, Julian Marley, Nas, SuperHeavy

Damian Robert Nesta "Jr. Gong" Marley (born July 21, 1978), is a Jamaican reggae artist. Damian is the youngest son of reggae legend Bob Marley.[1] Damian was only two years old when his father, Bob Marley, died; he is the only child born to Marley and Cindy Breakspeare, Miss World 1976. Damian's nickname Junior Gong is derived from his father's nickname of Tuff Gong. Damian has been performing since the age of 13.

Career[edit]

Early releases (1992-04)[edit]

At age 13, he formed a musical group by the name of the Shephards, which included the daughter of Freddie McGregor and son of Third World's Cat Core. The group opened the 1992 Reggae Sunsplash festival.[2] The band fell apart in the early 1990s and Damian started his solo career.[3]

With the backing of his father’s label, Tuff Gong, he released his 1996 debut album Mr. Marley which surprised many who were unaccustomed to hearing a Marley deejaying rather than singing.[4] Marley released his second studio album Halfway Tree. The name "Halfway Tree" comes from his mother, Cindy Breakspeare, being from the rich part of town, and his father, Bob Marley, coming from the poor part of town, thus him being "a tree halfway in between the 'rich' world and 'poor' world." [5] Additionally, Halfway Tree is a well-known landmark that marks the cultural center of Half-Way-Tree, the clock tower that stands where the historical eponymous cotton tree once stood is featured prominently behind Marley on the cover of the album. The album was released on September 11, 2001 and received the 2002 Grammy Award for Best Reggae Album. It was co-produced by Damian Marley and his brother Stephen Marley.

Welcome to Jamrock (2005-07)[edit]

Marley in June 2007.

Marley released his third studio album Welcome to Jamrock which was released on September 12, 2005 in the United States and September 13, 2005 in the United Kingdom. The sold 86,000 copies in its first week of release,[6] and was eventually certified gold after selling 500,000 copies in the United States.[7] Other notable singles from the album include "The Master Has Come Back", "Road to Zion" featuring Nas, and "Khaki Suit" featuring Bounty Killer and Eek-A-Mouse.

Damian’s brother, Stephen Marley, was a producer and co-writer of the hugely successful song of the same name. The lyrics to the single "Welcome to Jamrock", which was performed over a riddim produced by Sly and Robbie for Ini Kamoze some 20 years earlier,[8] centered around poverty, politics and crime in Jamaica. While the single was controversial at home over its perceived negative viewpoint of the island,[6] many praised the content of the song. Dr. Clinton Hutton, professor at the University of the West Indies, said of the single, "'Jamrock' uses the icon of the inner city, of alienation, of despair, of prejudice, but of hope, of Jamaican identity, to remind us of the fire of frustration, the fire of creativity, the fire of warning to open up our eyes and look within to the life we are living. And still some of us don't want to hear and to look and say enough is enough."[9] The single reached #13 on the UK Singles Chart[10] and #55 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart.[11] It was also #100 on the Top 100 Songs of the Decade listing by Rolling Stone.[12]

Distant Relatives (2009-10)[edit]

Nas and Marley performing in Wellington, New Zealand, 2011

At the 2009 Grammy Awards, he won Best Reggae Album and Best Urban/Alternative Performance for Welcome to Jamrock. He is the only Jamaican reggae artist in history to win two Grammy Awards on the same night. He is also the only reggae artist to win in the Best Urban/Alternative Performance category at the Grammy Awards. At the 2009 Grammy Awards news of a collaborative album between Marley and Nas was announced, when Nas told MTV reporters "Right now, I'll tell you first, I'm working on an album with Damian Marley. We tryin' to build some schools in Africa with this one, and trying to build empowerment. We're tryin' to show love and stuff with this album. So, the record's … all about really the 'hood and Africa also as well."[13]

On May 17, 2010, Marley released Distant Relatives, a collaborative album with Nas. The album title refers not only to the bond between the artists, but the connection to their African ancestry, which inspired the album both musically and lyrically.[14] They have previously collaborated on “Road to Zion”, on Marley’s Welcome to Jamrock album. The album joins two different flavors of music with Marley’s dub-rock aesthetic and Nas’ flow. Damian and Stephen produced much of the album. The proceeds of this album will go to building schools in the Congo.[15]

The album debuted at number five on the US Billboard 200 chart with first-week sales of 57,000 copies.[16] It serves as Nas's tenth top-ten album and Marley's second top-ten album in the United States.[16] The album also entered at number four on Billboard's Digital Albums,[17] and at number one on its R&B/Hip-Hop Albums,[18] Rap Albums,[19] and Reggae Albums charts.[20] Internationally, Distant Relatives attained some chart success.[21][22] It entered at number 33 on the European Top 100 Albums chart.[23] In the United Kingdom, it debuted at number 30 on the UK Albums Chart and at number four on the R&B Albums Chart.[24][25] In Canada, the album entered at number 9 on the Top 100 Albums chart.[26] In Germany, it debuted at number 38 on the Media Control Charts.[27]

The first single, "As We Enter", was released on iTunes on February 23, 2010.[28] It has so far peaked at #10 on the iTunes Hip Hop/Rap charts and #41 on the iTunes Music charts. The single debuted at number 39 on the UK Singles Chart.[29] At a sold-out panel discussion on the African diaspora and its relation to music, sponsored by National Geographic, Damian and Stephen Marley and Nas were among the several hip hop and reggae musicians voicing their solidarity. The discussion focused on the collaborations between artists of the two genres, and highlighted the Distant Relatives project.[30]

SuperHeavy (2011-present)[edit]

Damian-Marley.jpg

The existence of SuperHeavy was secret until May 2011.[31] Mick Jagger, English musician and the lead vocalist of rock band The Rolling Stones, announced its formation on 20 May 2011.[32] SuperHeavy was Dave Stewart's idea.[32] Inspired by the sounds washing into his home in St Ann's Bay, Jamaica, Stewart urged Jagger to fuse their sound with that of Indian orchestras.[33] Stewart and Jagger had mutual liking for Indian orchestrations; thus, A. R. Rahman was added to the supergroup.[34] The name of the band is said to be inspired by Muhammad Ali.[35] The group began recording their self-titled debut album in early 2009 at a studio in Los Angeles. They recorded about 35 hours of music, with some songs originally lasting "an hour and 10 minutes" before they were whittled down.[36] The album was previewed at Jim Henson Studios, Los Angeles, on 30 June 2011. The band played eight of the recorded songs at the event.[37]

"Miracle Worker" was released on iTunes as the album's lead single on 7 July 2011.[38] It is a reggae song performed by Marley, Stone and Jagger.[39][40] The single entered at number 195 on the UK Singles Chart.[41] The music video was released on YouTube on 12 August 2011. Directed by Stewart and filmed at Paramount Studios in Los Angeles, the video features all five members of the band.[42] "Satyameva Jayathe" (the national motto of India, which literally translates as "Truth Alone Triumphs") was released as the second single from the album on 9 August 2011, a week before India's Independence Day on 15 August. Composed by Rahman to have an Indian feel, Jagger sings in Sanskrit on the song, which also features Stewart, Stone and Marley.[43][44] The song premiered exclusively on Radio Mirchi 98.3 FM on 9 August across twenty-two Indian cities, and Tata DoCoMo is set to simultaneously promote the song and the album on mass media.[45] "Beautiful People" reached number sixty-four on the Dutch Single Top 100 chart.[46]

Damian also worked with electronic artist Skrillex on a song called "Make It Bun Dem" in 2012.[47] This song also appears in the 2012 game Far Cry 3.

Musical style[edit]

Marley has described his music as "dancehall and reggae. I've noticed ... people trying to separate the two of them," he continues. "It's Jamaican culture in general. I don't try to classify or separate."[48] Distant Relatives Fused hip hop and reggae musical elements,[49] Marley and Nas also incorporated samples from African music into the album.[50] The album's lyrical content heavily revolves around themes concerning Africa, from ancestry and poverty,[50][51] with social commentary of the United States and Africa.[49][52] The track "Count Your Blessings" reflects on the plight of Africa.[53]

Personal life[edit]

Born as Damien Robert Nesta Marley, he was nicknamed "Jr. Gong" in honour of his legendary father, Bob "Tuff Gong" Marley. His mother, Cindy Breakspeare, is a Jamaican jazz musician, former model and crowned Miss World 1976. After seeing the movie Damien: Omen II, which is about the coming of the Antichrist, one of Bob’s last requests in Germany was to have Damian’s name changed. “Damien being a devil...It was inappropriate for him as a Rastafarian to have a child with that name,” Bob said and Damian’s name was later changed.[54] He has 12 siblings total; 10 on his father's side and 2 on his mother's side.

Marley has been in the music business since he was a child. He is a Rastafarian and his music reflects both his beliefs and the Rastafari guiding principles of one love, one planet, and freedom for all nations. He has a son, Elijah, who was born on August 19, 2009. While he travels and tours the better part of the year, his home base is split between Kingston, Jamaica and Miami, Florida. He has a younger half brother Christian and a half sister Leah from his mother Cindy.[55]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

Year Album details Peak chart positions Certifications
US US
R&B
US
Rap
US
Reg.
FR
[56]
1996 Mr. Marley
  • Released: September 9, 1996
  • Label: Ghetto Youths International
  • Format: CD
2
2001 Halfway Tree
  • Released: September 11, 2001
  • Label: Universal Distribution
  • Format: CD
2
2005 Welcome to Jamrock
  • Released: September 13, 2005
  • Label: Universal Distribution
  • Format: CD
7 4 3 1 188
  • US: Gold
2010 Distant Relatives
(with Nas)
5 1 1 1 27
2011 SuperHeavy
(with SuperHeavy)
  • Released: September 16, 2011
  • Label: A&M Records
  • Format: CD
26
2013 Set Up Shop Vol. 1
(with various artists)
  • Released: February 19, 2013 via iTunes
  • Label: Ghetto Youths International
  • Format: CD
"—" denotes releases that did not chart.

Singles[edit]

Year Title Peak chart positions Certifications Album
US US
R&B
US
Rap
FR
[56]
UK
[10]
2005 "Welcome to Jamrock" 55 18 12 13 Welcome to Jamrock
"The Master Has Come Back" 74
"Road to Zion"
(featuring Nas)
57
2006 "Beautiful"
(featuring Bobby Brown)
39
"All Night"
(featuring Stephen Marley)
2007 "Now That You Got It"
(Gwen Stefani featuring Damian Marley)
59 The Sweet Escape
2010 "As We Enter"
(Nas & Damian Marley)
116 18 16 39 Distant Relatives
2011 "Nah Mean"
(Nas & Damian Marley)
2011 "Set Up Shop"
2012 "Affairs of the Heart"
"Make It Bun Dem"
(Skrillex & Damian Marley)
106 87 58[57] Make It Bun Dem After Hours
"Can't Keep Me Down"
(Cypress Hill & Rusko featuring Damian Marley)
Cypress x Rusko
2013 "Riot"
(Sean Paul featuring Damian Marley)
Full Frequency
"—" denotes releases that did not chart.

Other charted songs[edit]

Year Song Peak chart positions Album
US CAN
[61]
2010 "Liquor Store Blues"
(Bruno Mars featuring Damian Marley)
105 97 Doo-Wops & Hooligans

References[edit]

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External links[edit]