Damien Parer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Damien Parer
Photo of Damien Peter Parer.jpg
Born 1 August 1912
Malvern, Victoria
Died 17 September 1944(1944-09-17) (aged 32)
Peleliu, Palau
Occupation Australian cameraman and award-winning war cinematographer
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Marie Cotter
Children Damien Parer

Damien Peter Parer (1 August 1912 – 17 September 1944) was an Australian war photographer. He became famous for his war photography of the Second World War, and was killed by Japanese machine-gun fire at Peleliu, Palau. He was cinematographer for Australia's first Oscar-winning film, Kokoda Front Line!, an edition of the weekly newsreel, Cinesound Review, which was produced by Ken G. Hall.

Early life[edit]

Damien Parer was born at Malvern in Melbourne, the tenth child of John Arthur Parer, a Spanish-born hotel manager on King Island and his wife Teresa. In 1923, he and his brother Adrian were sent as boarders to St Stanislaus' College in Bathurst and St Kevin's College, Melbourne.[1] He joined the school's camera club, and decided that he wanted to be a photographer, rather than a priest. However, finding a job as a photographer in depression-era Australia proved difficult, so he resumed his education at St Kevin's in East Melbourne. While at this school he won a prize in a photographic competition run by the Melbourne newspaper, The Argus, and used the money to buy a Graflex camera used by professionals.

Parer obtained an apprenticeship with Arthur Dickinson. He said later that he learnt most about photography from Dickinson and Max Dupain. He finished his apprenticeship in 1933 and, sometime later, obtained work with the director Charles Chauvel on the film Heritage, where he met and became friends with another up-and-coming filmmaker of the time, John Heyer.[2] At the conclusion of that film, and with the help of Chauvel, he obtained work in Sydney, and so moved there in 1935.

Career[edit]

Kokoda retreat (AWM 013288).jpg

By World War II, Parer was experienced at photography and motion pictures, and was appointed as official movie photographer to the Australian Imperial Force (AIF).

His first war footage was taken on HMAS Sydney after it had sunk the Italian cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni. Soon after, he was aboard HMS Ladybird while it was bombarding the sea port of Bardia in Libya. His first experience at close quarters was during a troop advance at Derna.

Parer filmed in Greece and in Syria, covering the action from aircraft, the deck of a ship and on the ground with the infantry. After Syria he travelled to Tobruk in August 1941 before covering the fighting in the Western Desert. By mid-1942 Parer was in New Guinea ready to cover the fighting against the Japanese. Together with war correspondent Osmar White, he undertook an arduous journey by schooner, launch and on foot from Port Moresby to Wau via Yule Island, Terapo and Kudjiru, in order to document the efforts of the meagre forces then fighting on the northern coast of Papua New Guinea.[3]

During this phase of the war, he filmed some of his most famous sequences, some at Salamaua and, most notably, those used in Kokoda Front Line!. This documentary won its producer, Ken G. Hall, an Academy Award for documentary film-making.

Parer was killed on 17 September 1944 by Japanese gunfire while filming a United States Marine advance in Palau on the island of Peleliu.

Personal[edit]

He married Elizabeth Marie Cotter on 23 March 1944, and his son, producer Damien Parer, was born after his father had died. He was also the uncle of Australian politician Warwick Parer and film-maker David Parer.

In popular culture[edit]

A 98-minute television film called Parer's War, starring Matthew Le Nevez as Parer, premiered on 27 April 2014.[4]

Filmography[edit]

Damien Parer is credited for the following films:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Dictionary of Biography
  2. ^ McDonald (1994) p. 13
  3. ^ Osmar White, Green Armour, Penguin Books, Melbourne, Australia, 1992
  4. ^ "Parer's War". ABC TV. 

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]