Daming Lake

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Daming Lake
DamingLakeJinan.jpg
Daming Lake and Jinan skyline
Location Jinan
Coordinates 36°40′29.46″N 117°1′3.18″E / 36.6748500°N 117.0175500°E / 36.6748500; 117.0175500Coordinates: 36°40′29.46″N 117°1′3.18″E / 36.6748500°N 117.0175500°E / 36.6748500; 117.0175500
Basin countries China
Surface area 46 ha
Average depth 3 m

Daming Lake (Chinese: ; pinyin: Míng ; Wade–Giles: Ta4 Ming2 Hu2; literally: "Lake of the Great Splendour") is the largest lake in the city of Jinan, Shandong, China and one of city's main natural and cultural landmarks. Located to the north of the historical city center, the lake is fed by the artesian karst springs of the area and hence retains a fairly constant water level through the entire year.

Islands[edit]

Reflection of the mountains in Daming Lake at sunrise

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Located in the lake are nine small islands:

Buildings[edit]

Daminglake from west 2007.jpg

The lake is surrounded by a park with an ensemble of historical buildings, some of which stand on the islands in the lake:

Lixia Pavilion[edit]

The Lixia Pavilion (Chinese: ; pinyin: xià Tíng) is located on an island off the lake's east shore. The pavilion is said to mark the spot of a meeting between the Tang Dynasty poet Du Fu and the calligrapher Li Yong (Chinese: ; pinyin: Li Yōng, 678-747). The pavilion was rebuilt in 1693 and features inscriptions by the Qing-Dynasty calligrapher He Shaoji and the Kangxi Emperor.

Lake Center Pavilion[edit]

The Lake Center Pavilion (Chinese: ; pinyin: xīn Tíng) is set on an island near the lake's center.

Moon-lit Pavilion[edit]

Moon lit Pavilion

The Moon-lit Pavilion (Chinese: ; pinyin: Yuèxià Tíng; literally: "Pavilion under the Moon") is located on the north-eastern shore of the lake. It is connected to a large hall via a bridge. Military governor Han Fuju had an emergency escape tunnel constructed that connected the basement of this hall to the outer city. The tunnel was used by Kuomintang general Wang Yaowu to escape from the city at the end of the Battle of Jinan.

Jiuqu Pavilion[edit]

The Jiuqu Pavilion (Chinese: ; pinyin: Jiǔ Tíng; literally: "Nine Bend Pavilion") is located on the southwest shore of the Lake.

Haoran Pavilion[edit]

The Haoran Pavilion (Chinese: ; pinyin: Hàorán Tíng) stands on the lake's south shore.

Ancestral Hall of Lord Tie[edit]

Ancestral Hall of Lord Iron

The Ancestral Hall of Lord Tie (Chinese: ; pinyin: Tiěgōng ) is located on the northwest shore of the Lake. It is a memorial to Tie Xuan, a Ming-Dynasty official during the reign of the Jianwen Emperor. Tie Xuan was renowned for his heroism and loyalty in the defense of the city against the rebelling Prince Zhu Di, the later Yongle Emperor. The memorial hall was erected during the times of the Qing Dynasty.

Xiaocanglang Pavilion[edit]

The Xiaocanglang Pavilion (Chinese: ; pinyin: Xiǎo Cāng Láng Tíng; literally: "Little Rippling Wave Pavilion") is located on the lake's northwest shore.

Huiquan Hall[edit]

Huiquan Hall (Chinese: ; pinyin: Huìquán Táng; literally: "Joining of the Springs Hall")

Beiji Temple[edit]

North Pole Temple

Beiji Temple (Chinese: ; pinyin: Běi ; literally: "North Pole Temple") is a taoist temple dedicated to Xuan Wu, the god of the North. It was first built in the early Yuan Dynasty, but rebuilt during the reign of the Yongle Emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Numerous renovations were carried out during the Qing Dynasty. The temple contains several halls as well as a bell and a drum tower. It stands on a seven-meter tall base and covers an area of 1078 square meters.

Huibo Building[edit]

Huibo Building

The Huibo Building (Chinese: ; pinyin: Huì Lóu; literally: "Joining of the Waves Building") is located near the east gate of Daming Lake Park. It stands on the site of the watergate that controls the outflow of the Daming Lake into the Xiaoqing River.

Nanfeng Ancestral Hall[edit]

Nanfeng Ancestral Hall

The Nanfeng Ancestral Hall (Chinese: ; pinyin: Nánfēng ) is a memorial to the Song-Dynasty scholar Zeng Gong. The present structure has been rebuilt in 1829.

Jiaxuan Ancestral Hall[edit]

The Jiaxuan Ancestral Hall (Chinese: ; pinyin: Jiaxuān ) commemorates Xin Qiji, a military leader and statesman of the Southern Song dynasty who was born in Jinan. The temple buildings cover a total area of 1400 square meters. Converted for other uses during the Republic of China, the temple was restored to its present function in 1961.

Oushen's Temple[edit]

Oushen's Temple (Chinese: ; pinyin: ǒushén ) is a memorial temple that was originally dedicated to the Goddess of the Lotus Root. During the Qing Dynasty it was rededicated to the memory of Li Qingzhao

Daming Lake Nanfeng Theater[edit]

The Daming Lake Nanfeng Theater (Chinese: ; pinyin: míng Nánfēng lóu) is located in the courtyard of the Nanfeng Ancestral Hall and was constructed during the late Qing Dynasty.

Gardens[edit]

The park that surrounds Daming Lake features six traditional Chinese gardens:

Xia Garden[edit]

The Xia Garden (Chinese: ; pinyin: Xiá Yuán) is a traditional courtyard garden that is located to the south of the lake and covers an area of about 9600 square meters. The garden dates back to the year 1909 and was formerly part of the Shandong Provincial Library.

Jiaxuan Garden[edit]

(Chinese: ; pinyin: Jiaxuān Yuán)

Qiuliu Garden[edit]

(Chinese: ; pinyin: Qiūliǔ Yuán)

Huju Garden[edit]

(Chinese: ; pinyin: Yuán; literally: "Lake Residence Garden")

Nanfeng Garden[edit]

(Chinese: ; pinyin: Nán fēng Yuán)

Qishi Guanyu Garden[edit]

(Chinese: ; pinyin: shí Guān Yuán).

History[edit]

Photo of Daming Lake from an early 20th-century postcard

As a central site in the historical center of Jinan, Daming Lake has been the setting of many events in the history of the city: As his rebellion against the Mongol ruler Kublai Khan came to an end in 1262, the governor Li Tan tried to drown himself in the lake. He was rescued by the Mongols in order to be executed by being put in a sack and trampled to death by horses.[1] The warlord Zhang Zongchang, nicknamed the "Dogmeat General" and unpopular because of his heavy-handed rule, planned to erect a living shrine to himself on the lake, but the plans were not executed due to Zhang's fall from power. During the Battle of Jinan in the Chinese Civil War, the commander of the city's defense against the communist People's Liberation Army, Kuomintang General Wang Yaowu had his command post near the lake shore.

From March 2006 to April 2007, the Daming Lake Park was renovated and extended to connect all portions of the park for unified access. To achieve this, 1788 housing units (including 1639 residential units) were demolished.[2] Since the expansion, the Daming Lake Park covers a total of 103.4 hectares, 29.4 hectares (land: 20 hectares, lake 29.4 hectares) of which were added in the expansion.[2]

Literature[edit]

The scenery of Daming Lake has been a topic of Chinese literature for at least about 1,500 years. The lake is mentioned in "Commentary on the Waterways Classic" (Chinese: ; pinyin: Shui Jīng Zhù) by Northern Wei Dynasty writer and geographer Li Daoyuan (died 527). It is described in "A Trip to Jinan" by the Jin Dynasty poet Yuan Haowen (1235) and was also described by Marco Polo a bit later. The scenery of Daming Lake is also featured in the novel "The Travels of Lao Can" by Liu E and the essay "The Winter of Jinan" (Chinese: ; pinyin: nán de Dōngtiān) by Lao She. Daming Lake is also the subject of a poem by Han Fuju, military governor of Shandong from 1930 to 1938, that has been frequently quoted to ridicule him:


míng míng
The Daming ("Daming" means "big brightness") Lake, the bright lake is big

Dàmíng yŏu huā
In the Daming Lake are lotus flowers

huā shàng tóu yŏu
On the lotuses are toads

chuō bèng
[You] prick them once, [the toads] leap once

Visitors[edit]

Because of its cultural significance, the Daming Lake has attracted visits by artists, scholar, and political figures over the centuries. Recorded visitors include:

Tang Dynasty[edit]

Song Dynasty[edit]

Jin Dynasty[edit]

Yuan Dynasty[edit]

Ming Dynasty[edit]

Qing Dynasty[edit]

Modern China[edit]

Location[edit]

Daming Lake is located to the north of Minghu Road and to the south of the old city moat. The park is accessible through 4 gates, the north gate, the east gate, the main gate in the south, and the southwest gate.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris Rossabi (1988): "Khubilai Khan: His Life and Times", Berkeley: University of California Press
  2. ^ a b Jinan Daming Lake Expansion Project (in Chinese)