Damodar Valley Corporation

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Damodar Valley Corporation
Type Govt. of India enterprise
Statutory Body
Industry Utilities (energy)
Founded 1948
Headquarters Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Key people Arup Roy Choudhury (Temporary)
(Chairman)
Products electrical power
natural gas
Services Electricity generation and Transmission, distribution
natural gas exploration, production, Soil conservation
Employees 11,000 (2010)
Website www.dvcindia.org

Damodar Valley Corporation is a thermal and hydro power generating public organization of India Under Ministry of Power, Govt. of India headquartered in the city of Kolkata, West Bengal, India.[1]

History[edit]

Damodar Basin

DVC, a legacy to the people of India, emerged as a culmination of attempts made over a whole century to control the wild and erratic Damodar river. The river spans over an area of 25,000 km2 covering the states of Bihar (now Jharkhand) & West Bengal.

The Damodar Valley has been ravaged frequently by floods of varying intensities and the first of the major recorded flood dates back to 1730. Thereafter serious floods occurred at regular intervals, but it was the flood of 1943 that left the worst devastation in its wake. As a result, the Governor of Bengal appointed a Board of Inquiry headed by the Maharaja of Burdwan and the noted physicist Dr. Meghnad Saha as member. In their report, the Board suggested creation of an authority similar to the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) of United States of America. The Government of India then appointed Mr. W.L. Voorduin, a senior engineer of the TVA to make recommendations for comprehensive development of the valley. Accordingly, in August, 1944, Mr. Voorduin submitted his "Preliminary Memorandum on the Unified Development of the Damodar River".

Mr. Voorduin’s "Preliminary Memorandum" suggested a multipurpose development plan designed for achieving flood control, irrigation, power generation and navigation in the Damodar Valley. Four consultants appointed by the Government of India examined it. They also approved the main technical features of Voorduin’s scheme and recommended early initiation of construction beginning with Tilaiya to be followed by Maithon.

By April 1947, full agreement was practically reached between the three Governments of Central, Bengal and Bihar on the implementation of the scheme and in March 1948, the Damodar Valley Corporation Act (Act No. XIV of 1948) was passed by the Central Legislature, requiring the three governments – the Central Government and the State Governments of West Bengal and Jharkhand to participate jointly for the purpose of building the Damodar Valley Corporation.

The Corporation came into existence on 7 July 1948 as the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India.

Vision[edit]

To foster integrated development of Damodar Valley Command Area and achieve par excellence in its multifaceted activities of control of floods, provision of irrigation, generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy and also soil conservation, unified tourism, fisheries, socio-economic & health development of villages within a radius of 10 KM of its projects.

To establish DVC as one of the largest power majors of Eastern India while discharging the responsibilities of its other projects adequately.

In order to achieve this goal against the backdrop of the competitive market scenario in the power sector, the objective of the Corporation has been redefined.

Act No. XIV Of 1948[edit]

(The Act received the assent of the Governor General on the 27th of March, 1948) An Act to provide for the establishment and regulation of a Corporation for the development of the Damodar Valley in the provinces of Bihar and West Bengal.

Where as it is expedient to provide for the establishment and regulation of a Corporation for the development of the Damodar Valley in the provinces of Bihar and West Bengal;

And whereas in pursuance of section 103 of the Government of India Act, 1935 (26 Geo. 5,c. 2), resolutions have been passed by all the Chambers of the Provincial Legislatures of the said Provinces to the effect that certain matters dealt within this Act which are enumerated in the Provincial Legislative List should be regulated in those Provinces by Act of the Dominion Legislature

Power Generation[edit]

Entrusted with the responsibilities of providing the vital input power for industrial growth in the resource rich Damodar Valley region, DVC has been practically operating as a pioneer, using latest available technologies to supply bulk power at reasonable rates to the major industries.

DVC has maintained its lead role in the eastern region by adopting itself to the challenges of time and technology during the course of last 64 years. DVC has been generating and transmitting power since 1953 and has succeeded not only in meeting the needs of consumers but has also helped to increase the demand of power which itself is an index of development.

DVC plants[edit]

Thermal-Coal based [2]
Sr. No. City State Installed Capacity in MW
1 Bokaro Thermal Power Station B Jharkhand 630
2 Chandrapura Thermal Power Station Jharkhand 890
3 Durgapur Thermal Power Station West Bengal 350
4 Durgapur Steel Thermal Power Station West Bengal 1000
5 Mejia Thermal Power Station West Bengal 2,340
6 Koderma Thermal Power Station Jharkhand 500+500
7 Raghunathpur Thermal Power Station [3] West Bengal 1200
8 Bokaro Thermal Power Station- A Jharkhand 1200
Total : 7,610
Hydel-Power plants [4]
Sr. No. City State Installed Capacity in MW
1 Tilaiya Dam Jharkhand 4
2 Maithon Dam Jharkhand 63.2
3 Panchet Dam Jharkhand 80
Total : 147.2
Gas based power plants
Sr. No. City State Installed Capacity in MW
1 Maithon Gas Turbine Station [5] Jharkhand 82.5
Total : 82.5
Thermal-coal cased (JVs)
Sr. No. City State Installed Capacity in MW Remarks
1 BPSCL Power Plant Jharkhand 302 Owned by Bokaro Power Supply Corporation Limited (BPSCL) a joint venture between DVC and Bokaro Steel Limited [6]
2 Maithon Power Plant Jharkhand 1,050 Owned by Maithon Power Limited a joint venture between DVC and Tata Power [7]
Total : 1,352

Infrastructure[edit]

With the time DVC developed and expanded its infrastructure seven thermal power stations with a capacity of 22 MW, three hydro-electric power stations with a capacity of 144 MW and one gas turbine station with a capacity of 82.5 MW contribute to a total installed capacity of 9136.5 MW. Presently DVC has 60 sub-stations and receiving stations more than 5500-circuit km of transmission and distribution lines. DVC has also four dams, a barrage and a network of canals that play an effective role in water management. The construction of check dams, development of forests and farms and upland and wasteland treatment developed by DVC play a vital role in eco conservation.

DVC - Corporate office building at Kolkata - VIP Road

Water Management Overview[edit]

DVC has a network of four dams - Tilaiya and Maithon on river Barakar, Panchet on river Damodar and Konar on river Konar. Besides, Durgapur barrage and the canal network, handed over to Government of West Bengal in 1964, remained a part of the total system of water management. DVC dams are capable of moderating floods of 6.51 lac cusec to 2.5 lac cusecs.

Four multipurpose dams were constructed during the period 1948 to 1959.

Flood reserve capacity of 1292 mcm has been provided in 4 reservoirs, which can moderate a peak flood of 18395 cumec to a safe carrying capacity of 7076 cumec.419 mcm of water is stored in the 4 DVC reservoirs to supply 680 cusec of water to meet industrial, municipal and domestic requirements in West Bengal & Jharkhand.A barrage on river Damodar was constructed in 1955 at Durgapur for supply of irrigation water to the districts of Burdwan, Bankura & Hoogly.

Irrigation Command Area (Gross) - 5.69 lakh hectares. Irrigation Potential Created - 3.64 lakh hectares. Canals - 2494 km.

30,000 ha of land in the upper valley is being irrigated, every year by lift irrigation with the water available from 16,000 (approx) check dams constructed by DVC.

Joint venture projects[edit]

Maithon Power Limited

A joint venture company by DVC and Tata Power has been formed to implement 1050 MW Maithon Right Bank Thermal Power Project for meeting the energy needs of power deficient regions on export basis.

Bokaro Power Supply Corporation Limited (BPSCL)

A joint venture company of DVC and SAIL has been established to operate and maintain the captive power and steam generation plant, hived off by SAIL and its Bokaro Steel Plant and supply power and steam exclusively to Bokaro Steel Ltd.

DVC EMTA Coal Mines Limited

A joint venture company formed with Eastern Minerals & Trading Agency for development and operation of Captive Coal Mine Blocks and supply of coal exclusively to DVC Thermal Power Projects of 10th and 11th plan.

Mining & Allied Machinery Corporation (MAMC)

The Mining and Allied Machinery Corporation (MAMC) in Durgapur —one of the PSU's in India set up under the rupee-rouble agreement and enjoying Soviet patronage in the early sixties. Bharat Earth Movers has the highest stake (48%) in the consortium while the other two PSUs — DVC and Coal India — have 26% stake each.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.dvcindia.org/
  2. ^ http://www.dvc.gov.in/powerplants.htm
  3. ^ http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Raghunathpur_Thermal_Power_Station
  4. ^ http://www.dvc.gov.in/powerplants.htm
  5. ^ http://www.dvc.gov.in/Maithongas.htm
  6. ^ http://www.bpscl.in/
  7. ^ http://www.telegraphindia.com/1110915/jsp/frontpage/story_14508440.jsp