Damodar Valley Corporation

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Damodar Valley Corporation
Govt. of India enterprise
Statutory Body
Industry Utilities (energy)
Founded July 7, 1948 (1948-07-07)
Headquarters Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Key people
Shri A. W. K. Langstieh
(Chairman)
Products electrical power
Services Electricity generation and Transmission, distribution
, production, Soil conservation
Number of employees
10,000 (2014)
Website www.dvc.gov.in

Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) is public company which operates several power stations in the Damodar River area of West Bengal, India. The company operates both thermal power station and hydel power dams under the Indian Ministry of Power. DVC is headquartered in the city of Kolkata, West Bengal, India.[1]

History[edit]

Damodar Basin

Regular flooding of the Damodar River had caused it to be labeled the "River of Sorrows", and following a devastating flood in 1943, the Government of West Bengal formed a board of inquiry to address the issue. The board recommended forming an organization, similar to the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) of the flood-prone Tennessee Valley in the United States. In 1944, W.L. Voorduin, a senior engineer of the TVA, was appointed to develop a comprehensive plan for the area.

In March 1948, the Damodar Valley Corporation Act (Act No. XIV of 1948) was passed by the Constituent Assembly, and the Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) was officially formed on July 7, 1948. The corporation was jointly formed by the government bodies: the Central Government, the Government of West Bengal and the Government of Jharkhand to participate jointly for the purpose of building the Damodar Valley Corporation.

The Damodar Valley Corporation has been generating and transmitting power since 1953.[citation needed]

DVC plants[edit]

Thermal-Coal based [2]
Sr. No. City State Installed Capacity in MW
1 Bokaro Thermal Power Station B Jharkhand 630
2 Chandrapura Thermal Power Station Jharkhand 890
3 Durgapur Thermal Power Station West Bengal 350
4 Durgapur Steel Thermal Power Station West Bengal 1000
5 Mejia Thermal Power Station West Bengal 2,340
6 Koderma Thermal Power Station Jharkhand 500+500
7 Raghunathpur Thermal Power Station West Bengal 1200
8 Bokaro Thermal Power Station- A Jharkhand 1200
Total : 7,610
Hydel-Power plants [3]
Sr. No. City State Installed Capacity in MW
1 Tilaiya Dam Jharkhand 4
2 Maithon Dam Jharkhand 63.2
3 Panchet Dam Jharkhand 80
Total : 147.2
Gas based power plants
Sr. No. City State Installed Capacity in MW
1 Maithon Gas Turbine Station [4] Jharkhand 82.5
Total : 82.5
Thermal-coal cased (JVs)
Sr. No. City State Installed Capacity in MW Remarks
1 BPSCL Power Plant Jharkhand 302 Owned by Bokaro Power Supply Corporation Limited (BPSCL) a joint venture between DVC and Bokaro Steel Limited [5]
2 Maithon Power Plant Jharkhand 1,050 Owned by Maithon Power Limited a joint venture between DVC and Tata Power [6]
Total : 1,352

Infrastructure[edit]

With the time DVC developed and expanded its infrastructure six thermal power stations, three hydro-electric power stations with a capacity of 144 MW and one gas turbine station with a capacity of 82.5 MW contribute to a total installed capacity of 6357.3 MW. Presently DVC has 35 sub-stations and receiving stations more than 5500-circuit km of transmission and distribution lines. DVC has also four dams, a barrage and a network of canals that play an effective role in water management. The construction of check dams, development of forests and farms and upland and wasteland treatment developed by DVC play a vital role in eco conservation and environment management.

DVC - Corporate office building at Kolkata - VIP Road

Water Management Overview[edit]

DVC has a network of four dams - Tilaiya and Maithon on river Barakar, Panchet on river Damodar and Konar on river Konar. Besides, Durgapur barrage and the canal network, handed over to Government of West Bengal in 1964, remained a part of the total system of water management. DVC dams are capable of moderating floods of 6.51 lac cusec to 2.5 lac cusecs.

Four multipurpose dams were constructed during the period 1948 to 1959.

Flood reserve capacity of 1292 mcm has been provided in 4 reservoirs, which can moderate a peak flood of 18395 cumec to a safe carrying capacity of 7076 cumec.419 mcm of water is stored in the 4 DVC reservoirs to supply 680 cusec of water to meet industrial, municipal and domestic requirements in West Bengal & Jharkhand.A barrage on river Damodar was constructed in 1955 at Durgapur for supply of irrigation water to the districts of Burdwan, Bankura & Hoogly.

Irrigation Command Area (Gross) - 5.69 lakh hectares. Irrigation Potential Created - 3.64 lakh hectares. Canals - 2494 km.

30,000 ha of land in the upper valley is being irrigated, every year by lift irrigation with the water available from 16,000 (approx) check dams constructed by DVC.

Joint venture projects[edit]

Maithon Power Limited

A joint venture company by DVC and Tata Power has been formed to implement 1050 MW Maithon Right Bank Thermal Power Project for meeting the energy needs of power deficient regions on export basis.

Bokaro Power Supply Corporation Limited (BPSCL)

A joint venture company of DVC and SAIL has been established to operate and maintain the captive power and steam generation plant, hived off by SAIL and its Bokaro Steel Plant and supply power and steam exclusively to Bokaro Steel Ltd.

DVC EMTA Coal Mines Limited

A joint venture company formed with Eastern Minerals & Trading Agency for development and operation of Captive Coal Mine Blocks and supply of coal exclusively to DVC Thermal Power Projects of 10th and 11th plan.

Mining & Allied Machinery Corporation (MAMC)

The Mining and Allied Machinery Corporation (MAMC) in Durgapur —one of the PSU's in India set up under the rupee-rouble agreement and enjoying Soviet patronage in the early sixties. Bharat Earth Movers has the highest stake (48%) in the consortium while the other two PSUs — DVC and Coal India — have 26% stake each.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.dvcindia.org/
  2. ^ http://www.dvc.gov.in/powerplants.htm
  3. ^ http://www.dvc.gov.in/powerplants.htm
  4. ^ http://www.dvc.gov.in/Maithongas.htm
  5. ^ http://www.bpscl.in/
  6. ^ http://www.telegraphindia.com/1110915/jsp/frontpage/story_14508440.jsp

External links[edit]