Dana 60

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The Dana/Spicer Model 60 is an automotive axle manufactured by Dana Corp. and used in OEM "heavy duty" pickup applications by Chevrolet, Dodge, Chrysler, Jeep and Ford. Various construction companies use this axle. There are front and rear versions of the Dana 60. It can be readily identified by its straight axle tubes, 10 bolt asymmetrical cover, and a "60" cast in to the housing. Gross axle weight ratings are often lowered by the vehicle manufacturer for safety and tire reasons.

Dana 60 Full Float(30 Spline, 4.10:1 gears, Limited Slip). From a 1999 4×4 Dodge 2500HD

General specifications[edit]

Every Dana 60 that was originally manufactured by Dana Corp (i.e. not aftermarket) is stamped with a build date and bill of materials on the back of the passenger-side axle tube.

  • Ring gear measures 934".
  • 3.125" diameter axle tube.
  • Weighs in near 500 lbs. More or less depending on width and brake configurations.
  • OEM Inner axle shaft spline counts are 16, 23, 30, 32, 33 and 35.
  • 40 Spline inner axle shafts and carriers are made for after market, high performance Dana 60 axles.
  • Pinion shaft diameter: 1.625"
  • Pinion shaft splines: 10 and 29
  • Gear ratios: 3.31:1 - 7.17:1
  • Carrier break: 3.31:1 - 4.10:1 and 4.56:1 - 7.17:1
  • Axle Shaft diameter
    • 1.41” Front (32 Spline)
    • 1.46” Rear (32 Spline)
  • Axle spline diameter
    • 1.50” Front (35 Spline)
    • 1.50” Rear (35 Spline)
  • 1480 Universal Joint (Front axle)
  • Brakes measure 13.66" for 2011 F-250 & F-350 trucks.
  • Brakes measure 14.53" for 2011 F-450 trucks (13,050 GVW).

Dana 60 front steer axle[edit]

History[edit]

In the mid-1970s the Big Three (automobile manufacturers) all started using this axle. GM began phasing it out in 1988 in favor of Independent suspension, while still offering it in some higher GVWR trucks (V-30) until 1991. Dodge used a Dana 60 up to 2002. 3rd Generation Dodge Rams dropped the Dana 60 in favor of AAM axles. Ford still uses the Dana 60 front axle. Manufactured in both Kingpin and Ball joint variations, "standard" (low pinion) and "reverse cut" rotation (high pinion) variations and open and limited slip, and locking variations. The housing material is Gray iron in early axles and Ductile iron in later axles. GM and Ford Dana 60 axles utilize locking hubs. Dodge Dana 60 axles utilized locking hubs until 1994 when a Center Axle Disconnect (CAD) system was adopted. However model year 2002 Rams phased out the CAD system leaving some 2002 Dana 60 axles permanently locked in.

Big Three variations[edit]

  • Ford versions are drivers side differential drop, reverse-cut gears, and kingpin knuckles up to 1991. The later axles have ball joints. Ford Dana 60 axles mostly feature 35 spline inner axle shafts. Larger brakes and 35 spline outer shafts were made standard in 2005.
  • Dodge versions were passenger side differential drop, standard rotation gears, kingpin knuckles and 35 spline axle shafts in early models. The 2nd Generation axles were drivers side with ball joints. 30 Spline axle shafts were used instead of 35 splines, except 2000, 2001 and 2002 models which were equipped with 32 spline axle shafts.
  • GM versions are passenger side differential drop, standard rotation gears, kingpin knuckles and 35 Spline axle shafts.

Dana 60 aftermarket[edit]

The Dana 60 front axle has a great deal of aftermarket/third-party support, including many upgrades. Stronger axle shafts, Universal Joints and ball joints are widely available. As well as a large selection of traction control devices such as Locking differentials and Limited slip differentials. Axle shafts, Universal joints and carriers made from chromoly steel are even available. High capacity differential covers are available that increase the amount of oil the differential holds. These covers also feature Heat sinks that help keep the axle cool.

Dana Super 60[edit]

Dana Super 60 from a 2008 Ford F-450

The Dana Super 60 is an upgraded version of the Dana 60 front axle.

Differences in the Dana Super 60 versus the regular Dana 60:

  • Larger and thicker diameter steel tubes (3.75 inches diameter and 1/2 in thick)
  • Larger ring and pinion which increase the contact area and overall strength.
  • Some use larger ("1550") Universal Joints which increase strength and steering angle.
  • Net formed spider gears for increased strength.
  • All made with 35 Spline axle shafts.

Dana 60 rear axle[edit]

The Dana 60 rear axle was first introduced in 1955 as a full floating axle in Ford F-250's and is still used today.

  • Full floating variants are common while Semi-floating axles exist, but are less common. Axle spline count varies, with 30 spline being the most common.

Dana 60 rear steer axle[edit]

Quadrasteer[edit]

Quadrasteer was an option in 2002–2005 GM full size, single rear wheel trucks. Constant-velocity joints were used instead of Universal joints.

Dana 61[edit]

A variation of the Dana 60 known as a Dana 61 was made to accommodate gear ratios that allowed for better fuel mileage. This was done as a direct result of the 1973 oil crisis. A 3.07:1 gear ratio was common for these axles and unachievable in a regular Dana 60. To allow for the different gearing, the Dana 61 had a greater pinion offset. This offset meant that a different carrier and a different ring and pinion had to be used. The Dana 61 was made in semi-float and full-float axles for select 4×2 and 4x4 Ford 34-ton and 1 Ton Pickups and Vans from 1974 to 1987. A Dana 61 front axle was selectively used in Dodge 4×4 34-ton and 1 Ton pickups from 1987 to 1993. Although 3.07:1 and 3.31:1gear sets are common for a Dana 61, lower gear sets deeper than (4.10:1 on down) are not. Some Dana 61's shared a common carrier with the Dana 60-Dana part #706040x (3.07-4.10)will interchange between the two. Dana part #706400 (3.07-3.54) shows in Dana's parts catalog to be Dana 61 only.

Dana 53[edit]

The Dana 53 first appeared in the late 1940s and is much like a Dana 60. Although all Dana 53's are semi-floating, rear axles. The Dana 53 was phased out in the 1960s. It was replaced by the Dana 60.

Common Applications[1][edit]

Front Axle

International Harvester

  • 1975 1300 Camper Special <-- A Dana BOM number series was created but no record of any Dana 60 front axles being used by International has been proven.

Chevrolet

Dodge

  • 1975–2002 34-ton (D-600/W-250/2500)
  • 1975–2002 1 Ton (D-700/W-350/3500)

Ford

  • 1974–1979 F-250 (Optional)
  • 1999–2011 F-250 (Optional)
  • 1974–2011 F-350 (Optional)
  • 2000–2004 F-450/F-550

'Dana Super 60'

Kaiser/Jeep

  • 1967–1969 M715/725/726

Rear Axle

Studebaker

  • 1956–1964 E1234t and E14 1t

Dodge

  • 1966–1970 Coronet & R/T
  • 1966–1972 Charger & R/T
  • 1968–1972 Super Bee
  • 1970–1971 Challenger
  • 1963–1993 Dodge Ram 250 and 350
  • 1994–2002 Dodge Ram 2500 (V8 Only)
  • 2004–2006 Dodge Ram SRT-10

Plymouth

  • 1966 Belvedere
  • 1966 Satellite
  • 1968–1972 Road Runner
  • 1967–1971 GTX
  • 1970–1971 'Cuda

Ford

  • 1955–1985 Ford 34-ton Trucks
  • 1955–1976 Ford 1 Ton Trucks
  • 1980–2012 Ford E200/E250/E350 vans

Ford UK

  • 1973–1982 Ford A0406 Truck (option)

Chevrolet

  • 1964–1977 Chevrolet and GMC 3/4-ton pickups
  • 1975–1987 Chevrolet and GMC 1-ton pickups and Suburbans
  • 1979–2012 Chevrolet and GMC 1-ton vans

Jeep

  • 1968–1973 Jeep J3800/J4800 Camper Truck (full float 30 spline)
  • 1968–1970 Jeep J-2600/J2700/J3600/J3700 (semi float 30 & 35 spline)
  • 1971–1973 Jeep J4000/4600/J4700 (semi float 35 spline)
  • 1974–1988 Jeep J20 (full float 30 spline)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Incomplete list. Common applications only.

External links[edit]