|Stylistic origins||Post-disco, pop rock, post-punk, rhythm and blues, Hi-NRG, synthpop|
|Cultural origins||Early 1980s; United States and United Kingdom|
|Typical instruments||Keyboard, bass, electric guitar, drum machine, synthesizer|
|Derivative forms||Alternative dance, electronic rock, Minneapolis sound|
|List of dance-rock artists
Dance-rock (originally called new music, also known as disco-rock) is a post-disco movement connected with pop rock and post-punk with fewer rhythm and blues influences, originated in the early 1980s, following the mainstream death of punk and disco.
Michael Campbell, in his book Popular Music in America, defines the genre as "post-punk/post-disco fusion". Campbell also cited Robert Christgau, who described dance-oriented rock (or DOR) as an umbrella term used by various DJs in the 1980s.
However, AllMusic defines "dance-rock" as 1980s and 1990s music practiced by rock musicians, influenced by Philly soul, disco and funk, fusing those styles with rock and dance. Artists like The Rolling Stones, David Bowie, Duran Duran, Simple Minds, INXS, Eurythmics, Depeche Mode, The Clash, New Order and Devo belong, according to Allmusic, to this genre. Dance-rock embraces some experimental funk acts like A Certain Ratio, Gang of Four, and also musicians, for example Robert Palmer, Billy Idol and Hall & Oates. This kind of dance-rock influenced Garbage, No Doubt, Robbie Williams, Scissor Sisters, Franz Ferdinand and The Killers.
Despite predictions that new wave and rock would replace disco in the dance clubs, a mix of post-disco, rock and new wave took its place instead. The first wave of artists arrived with New Order, Prince, Human League, Blondie, Tom Tom Club and Devo, followed by Darryl Hall & John Oates, Thompson Twins, Haircut 100, ABC, Depeche Mode and Spandau Ballet. The scene also produced a lot of crossovers, including Kraftwerk getting R&B audiences with their 1981 influential album Computer World, which paved the way for Afrika Bambaataa's "Planet Rock" and electro in general. Reinstated interest in dance-rock and post-disco caused popularity of 12-inch singles and EPs around that era.
Key influences of the genre include New Romantic synthpop acts Human League and Spandau Ballet while, according to Billboard, the pivotal record of the genre is Human League's "Don't You Want Me". Arthur Baker argued that synthesizers helped to shape the new music: "I'm into synthesizers right now. The options are limitless. It cuts costs and gives you more ultimate control, but it doesn't sound made up. It still has a human feel", while the sound, composed of electronic Eurodisco influences, was generally regarded "cold, anti-human and mechanical".
First-level or first-wave musicians include:
Second-level or second-wave musicians include:
- Billboard (magazine) (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) (94). 19 Jun 1982. ISSN 0006-2510. "The Music Steps Beyond Disco: Where The Beat Meets The Street/Danceable Rock Generates First Bevy of Crossover Stars"
- Google books "The Fader, Issues 14-15". The Fader (University of Michigan): 38. 2002. "[the] classic post-disco track "No GDM" by Gina X"
- Fink, Robert (2005). Repeating Ourselves: American Minimal Music As Cultural Practice. University of California Press. p. 26. ISBN 0-520-24550-4.
- Albums "Disco Not Disco (2000)". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-08-10.
- Battaglia, Andy (2008). "Album Reviews: VA - Disco Not Disco (Post-Punk, Electro & Leftfield Disco Classics)". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 2009-08-13.
- Campbell, Michael (2008). Popular Music in America: And the Beat Goes On. Cengage Learning. p. 359. ISBN 0-495-50530-7.
- "Explore music… Genre: Dance-Rock". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- Paoletta, Michael (December 25, 2004). "Music [Dance]: Mash-Ups, Dance-Rock Lead Breakthroughs". Billboard Magazine (Nielsen Business Media, Inc.): 38. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Computer World (1981) by Krafwerk. Review. Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 22-12-2011.