Dangereuse de l'Isle Bouchard

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Dangereuse de l'Isle Bouchard
Viscountess of Châttellerault
Spouse(s) Aimery I of Châttellerault

Issue

With Aimery
Aenor, Duchess of Aquitaine
Hugh, Viscount of Châttellerault
Raoul
Amable, Countess of Angoulême
Aois
With William
Henri, Prior of Cluny
Adelaide de Faye
Sybille, Abbess of Saintes
Noble family L'Isle Bouchard
Father Bartholomew de l'Isle Bouchard
Born 1079
Died 1151

Dangereuse de l'Isle Bouchard (Poitevin: Dangerosa; 1079-1151) was the daughter of Bartholomew de l'Isle Bouchard. She was the maternal grandmother of the celebrated Eleanor of Aquitaine. She was also mistress to her granddaughters' paternal grandfather William IX, Duke of Aquitaine.[1] As the mistress of William the Troubadour, she was known as La Maubergeonne for the tower he built for her at his castle in Poitiers. Dangereuse was a sobriquet she received for her seductiveness; her baptismal name may have been Amauberge.

Family[edit]

Dangereuse's paternal grandparents were Archimbaud Borel de Bueil and Agnes de l'Isle Bouchard. Through her granddaughter, Dangereuse was an ancestor of many monarchs and members of the nobility, including: Richard I of England, Marie, Countess of Champagne, John of England, Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany, Joan, Queen of Sicily, Eleanor, Queen of Castile, Matilda, Duchess of Saxony and Henry the Young King.

Her granddaughter Eleanor was Queen consort of France, Queen consort of England and Duchess of Aquitaine (in her own right).

Life[edit]

Marriage[edit]

Dangereuse married Viscount Aimery I of Châtellerault at an unknown date. She advised her husband to donate property to Saint-Denis en Vaux in a charter dated 1109, which means they were married before this point.[2] Dangereuse was a woman who did as she pleased and cared little for public opinion.[3]

Their marriage produced five children (two sons and three daughters):

Dangereuse and Aimery were married for around seven years before she left her husband to become the mistress to Duke William IX; this became an infamous liaison.[4]

Mistress to William IX[edit]

Whilst travelling through Poitou, Duke William IX of Aquitaine met the "seductive" Dangereuse.[5] This led to her leaving her husband for Duke William, who was excommunicated by the church for "abducting her"; however, she appeared to have been a willing party in the matter. He installed her in the Maubergeonne tower of his castle in Poitiers, and, as related by William of Malmesbury, even painted a picture of her on his shield.[6][7]

Upon returning to Poitiers from Toulouse, William's wife Philippa of Toulouse was enraged to discover a rival woman living in her palace. She appealed to her friends at court and to the Church;[8] however, no noble could assist her since William was their feudal overlord, and whilst the Papal legate Giraud complained to William and told him to return Dangereuse to her husband, William's only response to the bald legate was, "Curls will grow on your pate before I part with the Viscountess." Humiliated, in 1116, Philippa chose to retire to the Abbey of Fontevrault.

Dangereuse and William had three children:

  • Henri (died after 1132), a monk and later Prior of Cluny
  • Adelaide, married Raoul de Faye
  • Sybille, Abbess of Saintes

Some[9] believe that Raymond of Poitiers, was a child of William by Dangereuse, rather than by Philippa of Toulouse. The primary source which names his mother has not so far been identified. However, he is not named in other sources as a legitimate son of Willam IX. It is therefore reasonable to suppose that he was born from the duke's relationship with Dangereuse. If this is the case, Dangereuse was grandmother to Bohemund III of Antioch, Maria of Antioch and Philippa of Antioch.

Philippa died two years later and William's first wife Ermengarde set out to avenge Philippa. In October 1119, she suddenly appeared at the Council of Reims being held by Pope Calixtus II and demanded that the Pope excommunicate William (again), oust Dangereuse from the ducal palace, and restore herself to her rightful place as Duchess Consort. The Pope "declined to accommodate her"; however, she continued to trouble William for several years afterwards.

The relationship between William and his legitimate son William was troubled by his father's liaison with Dangereuse. This was only settled when the pair arranged the marriage between William the Younger and Dangereuse's daughter Aenor in 1121;[10] the following year Eleanor was born.

William died on 10 February 1127; nothing is recorded of Dangereuse after this point. She died in 1151.

Sources[edit]

  • Harvey, Ruth E. The wives of the 'first troubadour', Duke William IX of Aquitaine (Journal of Medieval History), 1993
  • Parsons, John Carmi. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady, 2002

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ AQUITAINE, Medieval Lands
  2. ^ Documents concernant le Prieuré de Saint-Denis en Vaux, Archives historiques du Poitou Tome VII (Poitiers, 1878) ("Saint-Denis en Vaux") I, p. 346.
  3. ^ Eleanor of Aquitaine: a biography
  4. ^ Eleanor of Aquitaine: a biography
  5. ^ Pilgrims, heretics, and lovers: a medieval journey
  6. ^ Lou Alice Fink of Louisville, KY: Information
  7. ^ Eleanor of Aquitaine: Queen and Legend
  8. ^ Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XII, p. 259
  9. ^ Aquitaine, Medieval Lands
  10. ^ Encyclopedia of women in the Middle Ages