Dang district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Dangs)
Jump to: navigation, search
For district in Nepal, see Dang Deukhuri District.
"Dang" redirects here. For other uses, see Dang (disambiguation).
Districts of South Gujarat

Dang (About this sound Listen ), also known as The Dangs, is a district in the state of Gujarat in India. The administrative headquarters of the district are located in Ahwa. The Dangs have an area of 1764 km² and a population of 2,26,769 (as of 2011).[1]

As of 2011 it is the least populous district of Gujarat (out of 33).[2]

As per the Planning Commission, Dangs is the most backward district in India.[3] Saputara and Waghai are important villages in this district.

History[edit]

See also: Surat Agency

Before Independence several wars were fought between the five tribal kings of Dang and the British Raj. According to the history of Dang, the biggest ever war took place at Lashkaria Amba, in which kings of all five erstwhile states got together to protect Dang from British rule. The British were beaten and decided to discontinue war and resorted to compromise.

As per historic compromise treaty was signed in 1842 according to which the British were allowed to use the forests and their natural products against which they had to pay certain amount around 3,000 silver coins to the five kings of the monarchy. However, currently the kings are offered monthly political pension by the Government of India, which is the main source of their income. This payment is continued even though all privy purses for the Princely states of India was stopped in 1970 since the agreement was between then monarchy of Dangs and the British.

Every year during the financial end the Kings gather in Ahwa for a traditional royal ceremony in their richly decorated buggies, bands with tribal dancers to receive the payment as per the agreement of 1842. In ancient Indian Scriptures Dang is known as Dand Aranyaka, meaning Bamboo Forest.

The five kingdoms are Daher, Linga, Gadvi, Vasurna and Pimpri.

State Population ('000);[4] Revenue (1881, Rs.) Ruler's title. Notes
Dang Pimpri 3,6 3106 388 km²
Dang Wadhwan 0,253 147 ca. 12 km². Not to be confused with Wadhwan State whose capital was Wadhwan.
Dang Ketak Kadupada 0,218 155
Dang Amala 5,3 2885; 1891: 5300 Raja. 307 km²
Dang Chinchli 1,67; 1891: ca. 1,4 601 ca. 70 km²
Dang Pimpladevi 0,134 120 ca. 10 km²
Dang Palasbishar (= Palasvihir) 0,223 230 ca. 5 km²
Dang Auchar ca. 500 201 < 21 km²
Dang Derbhauti 4,891; 1891: ca. 5 3649 Raja. 196 km²
Dang Gadhavi (= Gadhi) 6,309 5125 Raja.
Dang Shivbara 0,346 422 ca. 12 km²
Dang Kirli (= Kirali) 0,167 512 31 km²
Dang Wasurna 6,177 2275
Dang Dhude (= Bilbari) 1,45; 1891: 1418 85 < 5 km²
Dang Surgana 14 11469
Machhali 1.1; 4745 35

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Dang one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the six districts in Gujarat currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Dang district has a population of 226,769, [2] roughly equal to the nation of Vanuatu.[6] This gives it a ranking of 587th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 129 inhabitants per square kilometre (330 /sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.44%.[2] The Dangs has a sex ratio of 1007 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 76.8%.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindiamaps.net/page/India_WhizMap/IndiaMap.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ "Governance in Gujarat Under Modi - A Critique"
  4. ^ Hunter, W. W.; Imperial Gazetteer of India; London ²1885, Vol. IV, S 115-6
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Vanuatu 224,564 July 2011 est."