Danie Theron Medal

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Danie Theron Medal
Danie Theron Medal (DTM).jpg
Awarded by the State President
Country  South Africa
Type Military decoration for merit
Eligibility Members of the Commandos
* Officers only from 1970 to 1975
* All ranks after 1975
Awarded for Exceptionally diligent and outstanding service
Status Discontinued in 1993
Post-nominals DTM
Statistics
Established 1970
First awarded 1971
Precedence
Next (higher)
SADF precedence:[1]
SANDF precedence:[2]
Next (lower)
SADF succession:[1]
SANDF succession:[2]
DTMlint.gif
Ribbon bar

The Danie Theron Medal, post-nominal letters DTM, is a military decoration that was instituted by the Republic of South Africa in 1970 and that was in use until 1993. It was awarded for diligent service in the Commandos, the rural defence component of the South African Defence Force. Originally reserved for officers, it was available to all ranks from 1975.[3][4]

The South African military[edit]

The Union Defence Forces (UDF) were established in 1912 and renamed the South African Defence Force (SADF) in 1958. On 27 April 1994 it was integrated with six other independent forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).[4]

Orders, decorations and medals[edit]

In April 1952 a series of military decorations and medals was instituted, consisting of substitutes for many of the British and Commonwealth awards which had earlier been used. More decorations and medals, as well as an emblem for being mentioned in dispatches, were added between 1953 and 1970. In July 1975 the military decorations and medals of the Republic were revised. Some decorations and medals were carried over from the earlier series of 1952-1975 and new awards were instituted, followed by more between 1987 and 1991. Finally, all but one of these earlier awards were discontinued in respect of services performed on or after 27 April 2003, when a new set of nine decorations and medals was instituted to replace them.[4][5][6][7][8]

Fount of Honour[edit]

Until 1958 the top three awards were reserved for conferment by the Queen while the rest were awarded by the Governor-General, but in 1958 the Governor-General was authorised to also award the top three. In 1961 the State President became the Fount of Honour, and in 1994 the President.[4]

Award criteria for the Danie Theron Medal[edit]

The Danie Theron Medal, post-nominal letters DTM, was awarded in times of peace or war to members of the Commandos, the rural defence component of the South African Defence Force, for exceptionally diligent and outstanding service. The medal was named after Danie Theron, a legendary Boer scout and guerilla warrior who fought valiantly in the Second Boer War.[4]

Further conditions were that the recipient must be a South African citizen who had completed ten years service in the SADF and who had not yet received an award for devotion to duty or diligent service.[9]

From 1970 to 1975 the Danie Theron Medal was awarded to officers only since the Jack Hindon Medal (JHM) was the equivalent award for other ranks. When the Jack Hindon medal was discontinued in 1975, the Danie Theron Medal became available for all ranks.[4][5]

Order of precedence[edit]

The position of the Danie Theron Medal in the official order of precedence was revised three times after 1975 to accommodate the inclusion or institution of new decorations and medals, first with the integration into the South African National Defence Force on 27 April 1994, again in April 1996 when decorations and medals were belatedly instituted for the two former non-statutory forces, the Azanian People's Liberation Army and Umkhonto we Sizwe, and finally with the institution of a new set of awards on 27 April 2003.[1][2]

South African Defence Force until 26 April 1994
  • Official national order of precedence:
    • Preceded by the Department of Correctional Services Medal for Merit (Non-Commissioned Officers).
    • Succeeded by the Jack Hindon Medal (JHM).[1]
South African National Defence Force from 27 April 1994
South African National Defence Force from April 1996
South African National Defence Force from 27 April 2003

Description[edit]

Obverse

The Danie Theron Medal is a medallion struck in silver, 38 millimetres in diameter and 3 millimetres thick, depicting an eagle raising its wings on the obverse and inscribed "DANIE THERON" around the perimeter at the top and "MEDALJE • MEDAL" at the bottom.

Reverse

The pre-1994 South African Coat of Arms is on the reverse. The decoration number was stamped at the bottom of the medal on the rim.

Ribbon

The ribbon is 32 millimetres wide, green with three 4 millimetres wide yellow bands spaced 5 millimeters apart in the centre.

Discontinuation[edit]

Conferment of the decoration was discontinued in respect of services performed after 1993.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Republic of South Africa Government Gazette no. 15093, Pretoria, 3 September 1993
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC 72827981
  3. ^ South African Medals Website - Post-nominal Letters
  4. ^ a b c d e f South African Medals Website - SA Defence Force : 1952-1975
  5. ^ a b South African Medals Website - SA Defence Force : 1975-2003
  6. ^ Suid-Afrikaanse militêre dekorasies: 1952-1975
  7. ^ Suid-Afrikaanse militêre dekorasies: 1975-2003
  8. ^ Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 457, no. 25213, Pretoria, 25 July 2003
  9. ^ Alexander, E.G.M., Barron, G.K.B. and Bateman, A.J. (1986). South African Orders, Decorations and Medals. Human and Rousseau. p. 46.