Daniel A. Vallero
Daniel A. Vallero is an American environmental scientist. He was born in East St. Louis, Illinois and grew up in Collinsville, Illinois. He received a bachelors degree in 1974 and a masters degree in city and regional planning from Southern Illinois University-Edwardsville in 1977. He also earned a masters in civil and environmental engineering (environmental health sciences) from the University of Kansas in 1996, and a PhD in civil and environmental engineering from Duke University with a thesis on "“Dicarboximide Fungicide Flux to the Lower Troposphere from an Aquic Hapludult Soil”
Vallero is recognized internationally for advancing the state of environmental science and engineering, as an author, educator, engineer and scientific researcher. He has appeared on news and other shows, recently discussing plastic recycling on NBC's Today Show (http://www.today.com/video/today/51620316) and on MSNBC, and current state of ethics in research at universities. He began his professional career in the Kansas City regional office of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 1976 and has worked in numerous other scientific venues since then. He directed the Science, Technology and Human Values Program at Duke University from 1997 to 2005. Beginning in 2005, he has been adjunct Professor of Engineering Ethics at Duke University, with a joint appointment in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering,and the Trinity School of Arts and Sciences. He held appointments also at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, North Carolina Central University, and as science staff member on Energy and Power Subcommittee of the United States House of Representatives.
In his eleven books, Vallero has taken the systems view of living systems, and discussed the social aspects of engineering. As such he has bridged biomedical engineering with environmental engineering. As a leader in engineering ethics, he has served the National Academy of Engineering as a member of the Online Ethics Committee and the Executive Board of the National Institute of Engineering Ethics. Vallero has also advised Sigma Xi, universities and other institutions on science and research ethics and the responsible conduct of research (RCR).
Vallero is a pioneer of green engineering and the application of life cycle analysis to engineering design. He was among the first to question the sustainability and ethics of using corn as a source of ethanol fuel. His reasoning was that current farming practice's dependence on fossil fuels needed to grow (including fertilizer and pesticides), harvest and ferment the corn is highly inefficient thermodynamically. The use of corn for fuel is especially problematic, since only the seed are used, not to mention the misuse of an important part of the global food supply. Vallero argued that other crops are much more sustainable, especially those that make use of the whole plant, including cellulosic material, like switchgrass (Panicum virgatum).
In the book, "DUST: The inside Story of its Role in the September 11th Aftermath,"  American scientist Paul Lioy credits Vallero with leading the way to sampling of hazardous air pollutants in and around Ground Zero following the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center. Lioy collaborated with Vallero in establishing a protocol for characterizing exposure in risk assessments following such emergencies. Lioy and Vallero coined the term “5 R’s” to delineate how exposure assessment varies during the five stages following a disaster: 1. Rescue; 2. Recovery; 3. Reentry; 4. Restoration; and 5. Rehabitation.
With architect, Chris Brasier, Vallero coined the term "synthovation," as a new design process for green engineering and green architecture. A combination of synthesis and innovation, sustainable design does not consider innovation to be an interruption (feedback loop) to the design process as in traditional "concept to completion" design. Rather, innovations are to be expected and integrated. Differing from the traditional step-wise process, synthovation is a spiral, dynamic, and continuously moving process toward completion of the design and throughout the life of the project, including end-of life recycling and design for disassembly, a component of design for environment (DFE), with innovations added along the way that will increase the sustainability of the project over its entire life cycle.
- Vallero, D.A. and Letcher, T.M. (2012). "Unraveling Environmental Disasters." Academic Press, Amsterdam, Netherlands and Boston MA, ISBN 9780123970268. 492 pages.
- Letcher, T.M. and Vallero, D.A. Editors (2011). A Handbook of Waste for Management. Academic Press, Amsterdam, Netherlands and Boston MA, ISBN 9780123814753. 448 pages.
- Vallero, D.A. (2010). Environmental Biotechnology: A Biosystems Approach. Academic Press, Amsterdam, Netherlands and Boston MA, ISBN 012375089X.750 pages.
- Ratner, B.D., Hoffman, A.S., Schoen, F.J., Lemons, J.E., Dyro, J. Martinsen, O.G., Kyle, R., Preim, B., Batz, D., Grimnes, S., Vallero, D., Semmlow, J., Murry, W.B., Perez, R. and Bankman, I. (2009). Biomedical Engineering Desk Reference. Academic Press, Amsterdam, Netherlands and Boston MA, ISBN 0123746469. 948 pages.
- Vallero, D.A. and Brasier, C. (2008), Sustainable Design: The Science of Sustainability and Green Engineering. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, ISBN 0470130628. 350 pages. According to WorldCat, the book is held in 578 libraries 
- Reviewed v by D.A. Vaccari. in Choice Oct 2008 v46 i2 p334(1)
- Reviewd by Amy Trendler in Library Journal Sept 1, 2008 v133 i14 p126(1)
- Reviewd by Alanna Malone in "GreenSource: The Magazine of Sustainable Design" Aug 8, 2007, http://greensource.construction.com/bookreviews/0807_SustainableDesign.asp
- Vallero, D.A. (2007). Fundamentals of Air Pollution, 4th Edition. Academic Press, Amsterdam, Netherlands and Boston MA, ISBN 0750682272. 400 pages.
- Reviewd by Don MacKay. Environmental Reviews 2008 v16 p181(1)
- Vallero, D.A., (2007). Biomedical Ethics for Engineers: Ethics and Decision Making in Biomedical and Biosystem Engineering. Academic Press, Amsterdam, Netherlands and Boston MA, ISBN 0750682272. 400 pages. In 777 libraries according to WorldCat 
- Vallero, D.A. and Vesilind, P.A.(2006). Socially Responsible Engineering. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, ISBN 0471787078. 384 pages.
- Reviewed by Ray Bert. Civil Engineering Nov 2006 v76 i11 p71
- Reviewed by Alex A. Karner," Science and Engineering Ethics" 2010 16(2): 415-417
- Vallero, D.A. (2005). Paradigms Lost: Learning from Environmental Mistakes, Mishaps and Misdeeds. Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, Amsterdam, Netherlands and Boston MA, ISBN 0750678887. 688 pages.According to WorldCat, the book is held in 333 libraries 
- Reviewed by Ray Bert. Civil Engineering March 2006 v76 i3 p68
- Vallero, D.A. (2004). Environmental Contaminants: Assessment and Control. Academic Press, New York, NY, ISBN 0127100571. 832 pages.
- Vallero, D.A. (2003). Engineering the Risks of Hazardous Wastes. Butterworth-Heinemann, Amsterdam, Netherlands and Boston MA, ISBN 0750677422. 306 pages (with contribution by J.J. Peirce). According to WorldCat, the book is held in 416 libraries 
- Faculty page at Duke
- Curriculum vitae at Duke
- U.S. News & World Report
- Researcher page at EPA
- D. Vallero and C. Brasier (2008). Teaching green engineering: The case of ethanol life cycle analysis. Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society. 28 (3): 236-243.
- P.J. Lioy (2010). DUST: The Inside Story of Its Role in the September 11th Aftermath (Forward By Tom Kean). Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield. ISBN 1-4422-0148-7.
- D. Vallero and P. Lioy (2012). The 5-R’s: Reliable Post-Disaster Exposure Assessment. Leadership and Management and Engineering. 12 (4): 247-253. (October 2012). doi:10.1061/(ASCE)LM.1943-5630.0000200.
- D. Vallero and C. Brasier (2008), Sustainable Design: The Science of Sustainability and Green Engineering. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, ISBN 0470130628.
- L. Berkson (2010), Hormone Deception. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 1 edition, ISBN 1453741275
- worldCat book record