December 10, 1785|
|Died||March 27, 1849(aged 63)|
|Spouse(s)||Hannah Adams (1791-1859)|
Daniel Appleton (December 10, 1785 – March 27, 1849) was an American publisher.
He was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts. After a few years of schooling, he started a general store in Haverill. Later, he moved to Boston (business office at 21 Broad Street) where he sold dry-goods imported from England. Finally, in 1825, he moved to New York where he gradually combined the importing of books with the dry-goods trade. The book department was placed in charge of William Henry Appleton, his eldest son. This was in Exchange Place.
Later, he moved to Clinton Hall, Beekman Street, and devoted himself to the importation and sales of books, abandoning his dry-goods business. He published his first book in 1831. He gradually diversified. In 1841, he began offering children's books. In 1845, he began sending books to Latin America which — despite his lack of contacts — turned out to be a good market for him due to its recent independence from Spain. His business in that region was enduring and profitable. In 1847, he started offering travel literature.
The firm which he established in New York City became known as D. Appleton & Co.. The publications of the house extend over the entire field of literature. The firm's New American Cyclopedia was for 50 years the largest and most widely circulated work of its kind ever produced in the United States. His company was continued by his descendants.
On December 18, 1813 Daniel married Hannah Adams (1791–1859) who bore him eight children:
- William Henry Appleton (born 27 January 1814; died Riverdale, New York, 19 October 1899)
- Maria Louisa Appleton (31 March 1815 - ?)
- John Adams Appleton (9 January 1817–1881)
- Charles Horatio Appleton (born 1 May 1819; died 24 January 1820)
- George Swett Appleton (born Andover, Massachusetts, 11 August 1821; died Riverdale, New York, 7 July 1878)
- Daniel Sidney Appleton (born Boston, Massachusetts, 9 April 1824; died New York City, 12 November 1890)
- Samuel Frances Appleton (born Boston, Massachusetts, 26 April 1826; died New York City, 25 October 1883)
- Sarah Emeline Appleton (born 27 July 1829; died 3 February 1861)
- A. Everett Peterson (1957). "Appleton, Daniel". Dictionary of American Biography. I, Part 1. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 326–327.
- Samuel Willard Crompton (1999). "Appleton, Daniel". American National Biography 1. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 561.
- Adams, Andrew N. (1900). A genealogical history of Robert Adams, of Newbury, Mass. Rutland, VT: Andrew N. Adams. p. 302. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
- "Appleton, Daniel". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
- Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1900). "Appleton, Daniel". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
- "Appleton, Daniel". The American Cyclopædia. 1879.
- NYPL. Portrait of Appleton
- Daniel Appleton at Library of Congress Authorities — with about 15 catalog records (select "LC Online Catalog"; then "Previous")