Daniel Bek-Pirumian

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Daniel Bek-Pirumyan
(Armenian: Դանիել բեկ-Փիրումյան)
Pirumov.jpg
Born (1861-11-22)22 November 1861
Nakhichevanik, Elisabethpol Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 1921 (aged 59–60)
Karakilisa, Armenian SSR, Soviet Union
(now Vanadzor, Armenia)
Allegiance  Russian Empire (1881-1918)
Armenia Republic of Armenia (1918-1920)
Service/branch Army
Years of service 1881—1920
Rank Colonel
Commands held 3rd Battalion, 153rd Infantry Regiment
5th Karabakh Regiment
Battles/wars World War I
Caucasus Campaign
Armenian National Liberation Movement
Battle of Sardarabad

Daniel Bek-Pirumyan (Armenian: Դանիել բեկ-Փիրումյան; 22 November 1861 – 1921) was a famed Armenian military commander and national hero. He was the top commander of the Battle of Sardarabad.

Biography[edit]

Daniel Bek-Pirumyan was born in 1861 in Nakhichevanik village of the Elisabethpol Governorate of the Russian Empire. He graduated from the public school in Shusha and started his military service in 1881 in Yerevan. In 1890, Pirumyan was promoted to the military rank of captain and in 1913, he became a colonel. During World War I, he fought in the Caucasus Front as a colonel in the Tsarist army. During this period, he was also the commander of the 3rd Battalion, 153rd Infantry Regiment in Western Armenia. In Erzurum, he captured the Turkish fort of Dalangez and then fought off the Turkish army trying to reclaim it. Of the 1,400 Russian and Armenian officers and soldiers defending the fort, 1,100 were killed and the survivors were injured. Nevertheless, eight assaults were repulsed by the fort and Dalangez was not given to the enemy.

On 26 May 1918, he participated in the Battle of Sardarabad as a commander-in-chief. His cousin, Poghos Bek-Pirumyan also participated in the battle as the commander of the 5th Karabakh Regiment.

After the establishment of the Soviet Union, he was arrested and executed by the Bolsheviks in Karakilisa in 1921.

Legacy[edit]

In 2013, Yuri Pirumyan, the grandson of Bek-Pirumian, published a book about his grandfather's life titled Daniel Bek-Piroumyan life (Դանիել Բեկ-Փիրումյանի կյանքը). Pirumyan wrote the book while using archival data, noting that later historical publications contain many facts contradict each other, whereas his book contains documented historical facts.[1] Shortly after the publication, Pirumyan met with President of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Bako Sahakyan, who welcomed him in his ancestor’s land, highlighting the necessity of maintaining firm ties with the homeland.[2]

References[edit]

External links[edit]