Daniel Brewster

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Daniel Brewster
Danielbrewster.jpg
United States Senator
from Maryland
In office
January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1969
Preceded by John M. Butler
Succeeded by Charles Mathias, Jr.
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 1959 – January 3, 1963
Preceded by James P. Devereux
Succeeded by Clarence Long
Personal details
Born Daniel Baugh Brewster
(1923-11-23)November 23, 1923
Baltimore, Maryland
Died August 19, 2007(2007-08-19) (aged 83)
Glyndon, Maryland
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Princeton University
Johns Hopkins University
University of Maryland School of Law
Military service
Service/branch United States Marine Corps[1]
Years of service 1942–1946 (active)
1946–1972 (Reserves)
Rank Colonel[2]
Battles/wars World War II
*Battle of Guam
*Battle of Okinawa
Awards Bronze Star
Purple Heart (2)

Daniel Baugh Brewster (November 23, 1923 – August 19, 2007) was a Democratic member of the United States Senate, representing the State of Maryland from 1963 until 1969. He was also a member of the Maryland House of Delegates from 1950 to 1958, and a representative from the 2nd congressional district of Maryland in the United States House of Representatives from 1959 to 1963.

Biography[edit]

Early life and ancestors[edit]

Daniel Baugh Brewster, Jr. was born on November 23, 1923, in Baltimore County, Maryland, in the Green Spring Valley Region. He was one of six children of Daniel Baugh Brewster, Sr.[3] and Ottolie Y. Wickes.

He was a great-grandson of Benjamin Harris Brewster (1816–1888) who was an attorney and politician from New Jersey, and who served as United States Attorney General from 1881 to 1885.

He was also a great-great-great-grandson of Sarah Franklin Bache and Richard Bache and a great-great-great-great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America. He is also related to George Mifflin Dallas (July 10, 1792 – December 31, 1864), a U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania and the 11th Vice President of the United States, serving under James K. Polk.

Education[edit]

He was educated at the Gilman School in Baltimore City and St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire. He attended college at Princeton University, and Johns Hopkins University before the U.S. entry into World War II.

After the war, he completed his undergraduate education at Johns Hopkins,[2] then enrolled in the University of Maryland Law School. He was admitted to the Bar in 1949, commencing law practice in Towson, Maryland, soon after.

Personal[edit]

Brewster had two sons, Daniel Baugh Brewster, Jr. (1956) and Gerry Leiper Brewster (1958) from his first marriage to Carol Leiper DeHavenon of Philadelphia.[4] They married in 1954, and after thirteen years of marriage, in March 1967, they publicly announced their separation.

On April 29, 1967, Brewster married Anne Moen Bullitt Biddle (1924–2007) at Glyndon, Maryland. She[5] was the daughter of journalist Louise Bryant and William C. Bullitt from their marriage in 1923. Bryant, her mother, was the widow of John Reed, who wrote Ten Days That Shook the World while living in Moscow through the Bolshevik revolution; while Bullitt, her father, served as Ambassador to the Soviet Union and France under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Anne Biddle was previously married to Caspar Wistar Barton Townsend, Jr., Nicholas Duke Biddle and Roderic More O'Ferrall. This, Brewster's second marriage, ended in 1969.

In 1976, Brewster married Judy Lynn Aarsand, and had three children, Danielle (1977) and twins Jennilie and Dana (1979).[2]

Military service[edit]

In 1942, Brewster enlisted in the United States Marine Corps.[1] He was commissioned from the ranks in 1943. During World War II, he served in the Pacific theatre, including participating in the Battle of Guam and the Battle of Okinawa. For his actions during the war, he received a Bronze Star. He was wounded seven times, receiving a Purple Heart and a Gold Star in lieu of a second award. He left active duty in 1946, but continued in the Reserve until 1972, reaching the rank of Colonel.[2]

Political career[edit]

Maryland state politics[edit]

Brewster, a Democrat,[2] was elected as to the Maryland House of Delegates in 1950 and he served until 1958.

National politics[edit]

In 1958, he was elected to the House of Representatives from the 2nd district of Maryland, defeating the Republican candidate, J. Fife Symington, Jr. He was a member of the House during the Eighty-sixth (1959–1961) and Eighty-seventh Congresses (1961–1963)—serving on the House Armed Services Committee and on the subcommittee on Military Personnel, Manpower Utilization, and Emergency Defense Transportation.[2]

In 1962, he ran for the United States Senate seat vacated by the retiring Republican Senator John Marshall Butler, and defeated Congressman Ted Miller to become the first Democrat elected to the Senate from Maryland since 1946.[2] He served in the Senate from 1963 to 1969. He was defeated in the 1968 election by Charles Mathias, Jr.

In 1964, he ran in the Democratic presidential primaries against segregationist George Wallace. As Lyndon Johnson refused to run nationally, "favorite sons" were run in his place against Wallace, such as Matthew E. Welsh of Indiana and John W. Reynolds of Wisconsin. Brewster won his state's primary but was embarrassed by Wallace's showing of 43 percent. As is required, Maryland delegates to the 1964 Democratic National Convention voted for Brewster on the first ballot, then voted for Lyndon Johnson.

Political positions and voting record[edit]

Brewster focused on issues ranging from the presence of communist troops in Cuba in 1963 to proposed cuts in weekend postal service in 1964. His concern with mail practices continued in 1965 when he criticized the current "mail cover" practice which permitted holding up mail to and from persons under investigation. Stressing the importance of the right of privacy, Brewster urged U.S. Postmaster General Larry O'Brien to ban the practice except in cases of treason and national security.

In a November 1966 letter to the New York Times, Brewster declared his support for advertising or "junk" mail, which he claimed accounted for $35 billion in sales. Pointing out that 80% of the mail is for business purposes, Brewster expressed concern over possible unemployment in private business and the postal service if "junk mail" is eliminated. In 1967, he voted for a "junk mail" amendment, which would delay price increases and limit 3rd class mail rates to 3.8 cents a piece. Brewster also played a strong supporting role in national Democratic politics.

Bribery charges[edit]

In 1969, Brewster was indicted on 10 criminal counts of solicitation and acceptance of bribes[6] while a United States Senator, in his role as a member of the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service; as well as two counts of accepting illegal gratuities.[2] This stemmed from a campaign contribution by Spiegel, Inc., a mail-order firm. He contended that he had done nothing wrong.[7]

At trial, the judge dismissed five of the charges, saying that Brewster's actions were protected under the Speech and Debate Clause of the U.S. Constitution. The prosecution appealed directly to the U.S. Supreme Court, which heard the case in 1971 and 1972. In June 1972, the Court held 6 to 3 that the taking of illegal bribes was not protected as taking of a bribe was not part of the "performance of a legislative function".[6]

The charges were reinstated. Brewster stood trial and was found " not guilty" of the bribery charges but was convicted of accepting an unlawful gratuity "without corrupt intent ". However, in August 1974,[6] his conviction was overturned on appeal due to the trial judge's improper instructions to the jury.[2] In 1975, he pleaded no contest to a single misdemeanor charge of accepting an illegal gratuity " without corrupt intent" and was fined and allowed to keep his law license. The government dropped the other charges.

Later years[edit]

After leaving the Senate, Brewster took up farming in Glyndon, Maryland.[1] He died of liver cancer on August 19, 2007, at age 83.[7][8] He is buried at Saint Thomas' Episcopal Church Cemetery, Owings Mills, Maryland.[9]

Legacy[edit]

Among Brewster's United States Senate staff in the 1960s were intern Nancy D'Alessandro (later Pelosi) of Baltimore, who as a Congresswoman from California would become Democratic leader and, in 2007, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and Steny Hoyer, who served on Senator Brewster's staff for five years from 1962 to 1966 and who served as House Majority Leader to Pelosi.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Brewster, Daniel Baugh". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 14, 2008. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Daniel Brewster papers". Archival Collections at the University of Maryland Libraries. Retrieved December 19, 2008. 
  3. ^ Obituary: "Daniel Baugh Brewster" New York Times. May 16, 1934.
  4. ^ Obituary: "Carol L. Brewster" Washington Post. February 10, 2010.
  5. ^ Obituary: "Anne Moen Bullitt Biddle" New York Times. September 2, 2007.
  6. ^ a b c Grossman, Mark (2003). "United States versus Brewster, 408 US 501 (1972)". Political Corruption in America:An Encyclopedia of Scandals, Power, and Greed. ABC-CLIO. pp. 343–344. 
  7. ^ a b Lamb, Yvonne Shinhoster (August 22, 2007). "Daniel Baugh Brewster; served in US Senate". Boston Globe. Washington Post. Retrieved December 19, 2008. 
  8. ^ Obituary: "Daniel Baugh Brewster" New York Times. August 27, 2007.
  9. ^ Daniel Baugh Brewster at Find A Grave
  10. ^ Weisman, Jonathan and Lois Romano (November 16, 2006). "Pelosi Splits Democrats With Push For Murtha". Washington Post. Retrieved November 16, 2006. 

Notes[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
James P. Devereux
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 2nd congressional district

1959–1963
Succeeded by
Clarence Long
United States Senate
Preceded by
John M. Butler
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Maryland
1963–1969
Served alongside: James Glenn Beall, Joseph Tydings
Succeeded by
Charles Mathias, Jr.