Daniel C. Kurtzer

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Daniel Charles Kurtzer (born June 1949) is an American former diplomat. He served as U.S. ambassador to Egypt during the term of President Bill Clinton, and was the U.S. ambassador to Israel from 2001 to 2005 during the term of President George W Bush.

Biography[edit]

Daniel Charles Kurtzer was born in Elizabeth, New Jersey to Nathan and Sylvia Kurtzer. He received his PhD from Columbia University, and served as the dean of his alma mater, Yeshiva College.

He is an Orthodox Jew.[1]

Diplomatic career[edit]

Kurtzer joined the United States Department of State and was serving as a junior officer at the American Embassy in Cairo when Anwar Sadat was assassinated in 1981. He served in Israel between 1982 to 1986, then became Deputy Director of the State Department's Egypt desk in Washington, D.C. He later served on the Policy Planning staff, as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, and as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research. When asked why he was drawn to the Middle East, he later replied: "The work never seems to be finished in this region. It is not a place where tuxedos and cocktail parties characterize diplomacy."[2]

Kurtzer joined the staff of Secretary of State James Baker. He helped write Baker's noteworthy speech to American Israel Public Affairs Committee in May 1989. The speech was originally drafted by Harvey Sicherman, who used uncontroversial pro-Israel language in his text. Kurtzer's revisions included an attention-getting line that encouraged Israel and its supporters to abandon the Greater Israel idea.[3][4] According to Aaron David Miller, he and Kurtzer wrote short memos for Baker on issues at hand, rather than longer, strategic papers.[5]

Kurtzer was also part of the Clinton administration's team of advisers on the Arab–Israeli peace process. According to Miller, Kurtzer left in 1994 because he "felt shut out by" the Special Middle East Envoy, Dennis Ross.[6]

In 2006, he retired from the State Department and the U.S. Foreign Service with the rank of Career-Minister and assumed a chair in Middle East policy studies at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University.[7] He co-chaired, with Scott Lasensky, the Study Group on Arab-Israeli Peacemaking, a project supported by the United States Institute of Peace. They published their recommendations in a 2008 book.[8]

In 2007, Kurtzer served as the commissioner of the Israel Baseball League.

He endorsed then-Senator Barack Obama's successful candidacy for the presidency.[9] Kurtzer, James Steinberg, and Dennis Ross were among the principal authors of Barack Obama's address on the Middle East to AIPAC in June 2008, which was viewed as the Democratic nominee's most expansive on international affairs.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ron Kampeas (November 14, 2011). "Meet Dan Shapiro, the Hebrew-tweeting U.S. ambassador". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved October 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ http://bellum.stanfordreview.org/?p=1840
  3. ^ Aaron David Miller (2008). The Much Too Promised Land: America's Elusive Search for Arab-Israeli Peace. Random House. p. 207. 
  4. ^ Thomas L. Friedman (May 23, 1989). "Baker, in a Middle East Blueprint, Asks Israel to Reach Out to Arabs". New York Times. Retrieved October 7, 2014. 
  5. ^ Miller 2008, p. 198.
  6. ^ Miller 2008, p. 244.
  7. ^ Cliatt, Cass. "Former ambassador to Israel appointed visiting professor". News@Princeton. Retrieved November 14, 2006. 
  8. ^ Daniel Kurtzer, Scott Lasensky (2008). Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: American Leadership in the Middle East. United States Institute of Peace Press. 
  9. ^ [1], Haaretz[dead link]
  10. ^ Jay Solomon, "Obama's Mideast Experts Emphasize Talks", Wall Street Journal, June 16, 2008; Page A7

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Edward S. Walker, Jr.
U.S. Ambassador to Egypt
1997–2001
Succeeded by
C. David Welch
Preceded by
Martin Indyk
U.S. Ambassador to Israel
2001–2005
Succeeded by
Richard Jones
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Precedent
Israel Baseball League Commissioner
2007
Succeeded by
Incumbent