Daniel Carter Beard

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Daniel Carter Beard
Daniel Beard cph.3a02553.jpg
Born (1850-06-21)June 21, 1850
Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
Died June 11, 1941(1941-06-11) (aged 90)
Suffern, New York
Resting place
Brick Church Cemetery, Spring Valley, New York
Other names "Uncle Dan"
Occupation Illustrator, author, and social reformer
Known for Founding pioneer of the Boy Scouts of America
Awards Silver Buffalo Award
Honorary Alpha Phi Omega brother

Daniel Carter "Uncle Dan" Beard (June 21, 1850 – June 11, 1941) was an American illustrator, author, youth leader, and social reformer who founded the Sons of Daniel Boone in 1905, which Beard later merged with the Boy Scouts of America (BSA).

Early life[edit]

Beard was born in Cincinnati, Ohio into a family of artists.[1] As a youth, he explored the woods and made sketches of nature. He lived at 322 East Third Street in Covington, Kentucky near the Licking River, where he learned the stories of Kentucky pioneer life.

He started an early career as an engineer and surveyor.[2] He attended art school in New York City. He wrote a series of articles for St. Nicholas Magazine that later formed the basis for the The American Boy's Handy Book. He was a member of the Student Art League, where he met and befriended Ernest Thompson Seton in 1883. He illustrated a number of books for Mark Twain, and for other authors such as Ernest Crosby.

In 1908 while living in Redding, Connecticut, Beard was among those on hand to welcome Samuel Clemens upon his arrival to the author's new villa Stormfield.[3]

Beard became the editor of Recreation magazine and wrote a monthly column for youth. He founded the Sons of Daniel Boone in 1905, basing it on American frontier traditions. He later moved his column to Woman's Home Companion. After conflicts with a new editor, he moved to the Pictorial Review. Since Women's Home Companion retained the rights to the name, he simply renamed the organization to Boy Pioneers of America.[4]

Scouting[edit]

Beard (right) with Scouting founder Robert Baden-Powell (seated) and Ernest Thompson Seton (left)

Beard merged his organization into the Boy Scouts of America when it was founded in 1910. Beard became one of the first National Scout Commissioners of the Boy Scouts and served it for 30 years. He later became the editor of Boys' Life magazine, the BSA official magazine, and wrote a monthly column for youth. The work of both Beard and Ernest Thompson Seton are in large part the basis of the Traditional Scouting movement.[5][6]

Beard also helped his sister organize the Camp Fire Girls and became president of the Camp Fire Club of America. Beard was a Freemason in a New York Lodge, and an award for Masonic Scouters has been named in his honor.

Beard founded Boy Scouts Troop 1 in Flushing, New York, which is believed to be one of the oldest continuously chartered Boy Scout Troop in the United States.[citation needed] Beard became an Eagle Scout at the age of 64 on February 15, 1915.[7]

Daniel Beard in later life, with Boy Scouts

Prior to the establishment of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award, Dan Beard was recipient of the only "gold Eagle badge" awarded at the Second National Training Conference of Scout Executives held in 1922 in Blue Ridge, North Carolina.[1]

Dan Beard was also involved with the Culver Academies' summer camp program for many years, which used his "Sons of Daniel Boone" program. This program still exists as the Academy's Culver Woodcraft Camp.

Beard died on June 11, 1941, shortly before his 91st birthday at his home (named "Brooklands") in Suffern, New York.[8] He was buried near his home at the Brick Church Cemetery in Spring Valley, New York.[9][10] The National Program Director of the Boy Scouts of America, E. Urner Goodman, was selected to be in charge of the beloved youth leader's funeral in Suffern. An estimated 2,000 people lined the funeral route to the cemetery in Monsey, New York, where 127 Boy Scouts formed an honor guard and assisted with traffic control.[11]

Honors and legacy[edit]

The Daniel Carter Beard Bridge carries I-471 across the Ohio River. A life-size bronze statue of Daniel Carter Beard and a Boy Scout, created by world-renowned sculptor Kenneth Bradford, stands at 322 East 3rd Street in Covington, Kentucky, Beard's boyhood home. The nearby Daniel Carter Beard Boyhood Home is now a National Historic Landmark in the Riverside Drive Historic District.[12]

Junior High School 189 Daniel Carter Beard is located in Flushing, Queens, New York; the Daniel Carter Beard Mall is a nearby park. The Daniel Carter Beard Elementary School is located in Chicago, Illinois.

The Dan Beard Council is the administrative body of the BSA in the Greater Cincinnati area.[13]

Many Scout camps have sites named after Beard including Philmont Scout Ranch in New Mexico, Forestburg Scout Reservation in Forestburg, New York and Broad Creek Memorial Scout Reservation in Maryland. Other camps have programs named after Beard, such as the first-year camper program at McKee Scout Reservation in Kentucky.

Freemasons in the U.S. offer the Daniel Carter Beard Masonic Scouter Award for Masons who are involved with Scouting. The BSA offers the James E. West Fellowship Award; an advanced level is the 1910 Society which in turn includes levels of contributions— the Daniel Carter Beard is recognized for a gift of at least $100,000.

Mount Dan Beard, a 10,082-foot (3,073 m) peak in the Alaska Range near Mount McKinley in Denali National Park and Preserve, is named after Beard.[14]

Works[edit]

Captain Jinks, Hero, from the 1902 book of the same name by Ernest Crosby, illustrated by Beard
  • The American Boy's Handy Book (1882) (1903) still in print
  • A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court by Mark Twain, (1889), illustrator, still in print
  • The American Boy's Book of Sport (1890)
  • The American Claimant by Mark Twain, (1892), illustrator, still in print
  • Moonblight and Six Feet of Romance (1892) still in print
  • The Outdoor Handy Book (1896) still in print
  • Following the Equator (1897) contributing illustrator
  • Jack of All Trades (1900) still in print
  • Field and Forest Handy Book (1906) still in print
  • Handicraft for Outdoor Boys (1906)
  • Animal Book and Campfire Stories (1907)
  • Boy Pioneers and Sons of Daniel Boone (1909)
  • Boat Building, and Boating(1912) still in print
  • Shelters, shacks, and shanties. C. Scribner's Sons. 1920. Retrieved 24 August 2012.  still in print[15]
  • The American Boy's Book of Bugs, Butterflies and Beetles (1916)
  • The American Boy's Book of Signs, Signals and Symbols (1918)
  • The American Boy's Book of Camp-Lore and Woodcraft (1920) still in print
  • The American Boy's Book of Wild Animals (1921)
  • The Black Wolf-Pack (1922)[16]
  • American Boy's Book of Birds and Brownies of the Woods (1923)
  • Do It Yourself (1925)
  • Wisdom of the Woods (1926)
  • Buckskin Book For Buckskin Men and Boys (1929)
  • Hardly A Man is Now Alive (1939) his autobiography

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rowan, Edward L. (2005). To Do My Best: James E. West and the History of the Boy Scouts of America. Las Vegas International Scouting Museum. ISBN 0-9746479-1-8. 
  2. ^ "Daniel C. Beard". Ohio History Central. Retrieved August 20, 2010. 
  3. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=-o06AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA707&lpg=PA707&dq=stormfield+architecture&source=bl&ots=hrikD1Psky&sig=a2HtCeSMK2xb4Sff-ElKrNjlQqo&hl=en&sa=X&ei=8r50U4bsO7KlsQT__IH4DA&ved=0CGcQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=stormfield%20architecture&f=false Beard, Dan, "Mark Twain as a Neighbor," Review of Reviews and World's Work: An International Magazine, January-June 1910, Volume 41, pages 705-708.
  4. ^ Scott, David C. (June 2006). "Ernest Thompson Seton and BSA - The Partnership Collapse of 1915". International Scouting Collectors Association 6 (2): 10. 
  5. ^ "Traditional Scouting". American Traditional Scouting. Retrieved July 18, 2007. 
  6. ^ Rowan, Edward L. (December 2006). "Dan Beard, Founder of the First Boy Scout Society". International Scouting Collectors Association 6 (4): 28–29. 
  7. ^ "National Eagle Scout Association Online Community — Online Eagle Directory: Beard, Daniel Carter (subscription required)". Retrieved December 3, 2009. 
  8. ^ June 12, 1941, New York Herald Tribune
  9. ^ Brick Church Cemetery aka Reformed Church Cemetery, Beard Family Plot - (Section D, Division 1, Plot 1, Grave 6),221 Brick Church Rd (Brick Church Rd and Hwy 306), Spring Valley NY 10977, 845-354-6785
  10. ^ Daniel Beard at Find a Grave
  11. ^ "Scouts Officiate at Beard Funeral" (PDF). The New York Times. June 16, 1941. Retrieved January 15, 2008. 
  12. ^ "Beard, Daniel C., Boyhood Home". National Historic Landmarks. National Park Service. Retrieved July 18, 2007. 
  13. ^ "Dan Beard Council". Retrieved April 21, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Mount Dan Beard". Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved April 12, 2013. 
  15. ^
  16. ^

External links[edit]