|This biographical article relies too much on references to primary sources. (November 2008)|
Daniel Dezeuze (born 1942) is a French artist and a founding member of the French group of artists called Supports-Surfaces. This group (made up of Dezeuze, Claude Viallat, Patrick Saytour, Louis Cane, André-Pierre Arnal, Vincent Bioulès, Noêl Dolla, Jean-Pierre Pincemin, André Valensi, Marc Devade, Toni Grand, and Bernard Pagès) started to form in 1966. Their common concern was a desire to deconstruct painting in order to re-examine its history and question its nature. Colour is a fundamental question in many of their works. They frequently used non-traditional materials and referred to other non-western cultures.
Dezeuze was born in Alès, Gard. He studied Spanish literature at the university in Montpellier while attending classes at the art college. After spending several years abroad (Spain, Mexico, Canada) he finished his doctorate in Comparative Literature at the Sorbonne in Paris in 1970.
Dezeuze's radical work from 1967 (Stretcher covered in plastic film) is in the collection of the Centre Pompidou in Paris and was shown at the Guggenheim Museum as part of the Exhibition of Masterpieces from the Centre Pompidou.
His work over the years has been extremely varied in materials (wood, gauze, found objects, polyethylene etc.) and in tone, from the austere rigour of his flexible wooden ladders of the 1970s, to the ethereal lightness of his gauze pieces going on to the playfulness of his colourful Peintures qui perlent (Beading Paintings) which are painted wooden cubes and beads attached to a rigid framework.
There are two main directions in his work: the first, his deconstruction of painting and its components (Ladders, Trellises, Cut Out Gauzes, Pavilions etc.) and the second, his creation of series of objects (Arms, Gathering Devices, and Receptacles) which evoke humanity's perennial activities.
Dezeuze's drawings also can be grouped in these same two directions with the addition of his sensitive and delightful evocations of nature in his series La Vie Amoureuse des Plantes (subject of an exhibition at the Centre Pompidou in 1993), his numerous and colourful Butterflies and enigmatic Grotesques.
Daniel Dezeuze also has a considerable body of written work. In 1971 he founded the review Peinture, cahiers théoriques with Louis Cane and Marc Devade with the help of the review Tel Quel. His theoretical articles from this review are included in the publication from the Ecole Nationale des Beaux-Arts de Paris of his writings. Also included are several interviews and a great part of his published poetry.
Among his commissions must be included the mosaic floor in the Church of St. Laurent in Puy-en-Velay, his sculpture in the Tuileries Gardens, the optic fibre sculpture in the Toulouse subway and his redecoration, incorporating several of his works, of the Hôtel du Sully in Paris.
- 1998 Carré d'Art -musée d'Art contemporain, Nîmes
- 1999 Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris
- 2001 La Chaufferie et Musée d'Art moderne et Contemporain, Strasbourg
- 2002 Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris. Galerie John Dekkers, La Haye (Pays-Bas)
- 2003 Galerie Fernand Léger (Credac), Ivry-sur-Seine
- FRAC Bourgogne, Dijon
- Espace d'art contemporain du domaine départemental du Château d'O, Montpellier
- 2005 Espace d'art contemporain Gustave Fayet, Sérignan
- 2006 Armes et Scènes de guerre Château de Salses(66) dépôt permanent
- 2007 Galerie Hambursin-Boisanté, Montpellier. Casa de Francia, Mexico (Mexique). Granville Gallery (Normandie). Galerie Art Attitude Hervé Bize, Nancy
- 2008 Galerie Daniel Templon. Kringst-Ernst Gallery, Cologne. Musée Paul Valéry, Sète