Daniel H. Wells

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Daniel H. Wells
Daniel H. Wells2.jpg
Counselor to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
October 6, 1877 (1877-10-06) – March 24, 1891 (1891-03-24)
Called by John Taylor
Second Counselor in First Presidency
January 4, 1857 (1857-01-04) – August 29, 1877 (1877-08-29)
Called by Brigham Young
End reason Dissolution of First Presidency upon death of Brigham Young
LDS Church Apostle
January 4, 1857 (1857-01-04) – March 24, 1891 (1891-03-24)
Called by Brigham Young
Reason Death of Jedediah M. Grant[1]
Reorganization
at end of term
No apostles ordained[2]
Personal details
Born Daniel Hanmer Wells
(1814-10-27)October 27, 1814
Trenton, New York, United States
Died March 24, 1891(1891-03-24) (aged 76)
Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, United States
Resting place Salt Lake City Cemetery
40°46′37″N 111°51′29″W / 40.777°N 111.858°W / 40.777; -111.858 (Salt Lake City Cemetery)
Spouse Hannah Tupper Grover
Lydia A. Alley
Hannah C. Free
Susan H. Alley
Louisa Free
Martha G. Harris
Emmeline Blanche
Children At least 37
Parents Daniel Wells
Catherine Chapin
Signature  
Signature of Daniel H. Wells

Daniel Hanmer Wells (October 27, 1814 – March 24, 1891) was an apostle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and the third mayor of Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, United States.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Wells was born in Trenton, New York, a member of the sixth generation of his family in America. His original immigrant ancestor was Thomas Welles (1590–1659), who arrived in Massachusetts in 1635 and was the only man in Connecticut's history to hold all four top offices: governor, deputy governor, treasurer, and secretary. A few years after the death of his father in 1826, Daniel H. Wells left New York with his mother Catherine Chapin Wells and his younger sister Catherine C. Wells and moved to Illinois.

Wells arrived in Hancock County, Illinois in 1835. He lived in Commerce—later NauvooIllinois and was a major landowner and justice of the peace there for several years prior to the arrival of large numbers of Latter-day Saints in 1839.

Relationship with the LDS Church[edit]

Although not a member of the Latter-day Saints, Wells was considered by opponents of the church to be a "Jack Mormon", a term originally applied to non-members who were friendly to or defended the Latter-day Saints. In Nauvoo he served on the city council and as a judge. Wells was not baptized into the LDS Church until August 9, 1846. He emigrated to Utah with the Mormon pioneers in 1848.

Mobs invaded Nauvoo after the assassination of church founder Joseph Smith, Jr.; Wells defended the city and fought as a Lieutenant General of the Nauvoo Legion, and also provided shelter for evacuees. Wells traveled west with the Mormon pioneers and helped settle the Salt Lake Valley.

Well respected for his integrity and loyal service, he was elected Attorney General of State of Deseret in 1849. When Jedediah M. Grant died in 1856, Wells was ordained an apostle of the LDS Church and set apart as Second Counselor to Brigham Young in the First Presidency of the church. Although serving as an apostle, Wells was never sustained as a member of the Quorum of Twelve Apostles. Upon Young's death in 1877, Wells was sustained as a Counselor to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, a position he held until his death.

On behalf of Brigham Young, Wells dedicated the St. George Utah Temple on April 6, 1877. From 1888 to 1891, he was the first president of the Manti Utah Temple.

From 1848 until 1863 Wells was superintendent of public works for the LDS Church and presided over the continuing construction of the Salt Lake Temple (completed 1893) and the Tabernacle (completed 1867). At the time this position made him one of the general authorities of the church.[clarify] When he was no longer in the position, the operation of the Church's public works program was put under the Presiding Bishopric.[3]

In 1866, Wells was elected mayor of Salt Lake City as a member of the newly formed People's Party and re-elected in both 1872 and 1874. In 1871 he was arrested by U.S. marshals on charges related to polygamy. Wells served twice as president of the European Mission of the LDS Church, first in 1864-5 and again in 1884-7.

Personal life[edit]

Wells married Eliza Rebecca Robison in 1837 and with her had one son Albert Emory Wells. His wife refused to accompany Wells to Utah in 1848 and later divorced him. Between 1849 and 1852, Wells married six additional wives: Louisa Free, with whom he had eight children; Martha Givens Harris, with whom he had seven children, Lydia Ann Alley, with whom he had six children; Susan Hannah Alley, with whom he had four children; Hannah Corilla Free, with whom he had eight children; and Emmeline Belos Woodward, with whom he had three children. Louisa Free, Hannah Free and Emmeline Woodward were all previously married and divorced or widowed. Each had one or more children whom Wells adopted and reared as his own.

In 1852, Wells married his seventh wife, future Relief Society General President Emmeline B. Wells. She bore him three daughters.

Wells died in Salt Lake City at the age of 76 and was buried at Salt Lake City Cemetery. Wells' son by his wife Martha G. Harris, Heber Manning Wells, was the first governor of the state of Utah, serving from 1896 to 1905.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wells replaced Grant as a member of the First Presidency. Although he was an ordained apostle, Wells was never a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
  2. ^ Wells was not a member of the First Presidency or the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles when he died. Thus, his death did not require vacancies to be filled in either quorum.
  3. ^ Leonard J. Arrington, Great Basin Kingdom: An Economic History of the Latter-day Saints, 1830-1900 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1958), p. 109

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Abraham O. Smoot
Mayors of Salt Lake City
1866 – 1876
Succeeded by
Feramorz Little
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints titles
Preceded by
Jedediah M. Grant
Second Counselor in First Presidency
January 4, 1857 – August 29, 1877
Succeeded by
Joseph F. Smith