Daniel Johnson, Jr.

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Daniel Johnson, Jr.
GOQ LLB MBA PhD
Daniel Johnson, Jr. at the PLQ Leadership Convention, March 16, 2013.jpg
Daniel Johnson, Jr. at the Quebec Liberal Party Leadership Convention, March 16, 2013.
25th Premier of Quebec
In office
January 11, 1994 – September 26, 1994
Monarch Elizabeth II
Lieutenant Governor Martial Asselin
Preceded by Robert Bourassa
Succeeded by Jacques Parizeau
Leader of the Opposition
In office
September 26, 1994 – March 2, 1998
Preceded by Jacques Parizeau
Succeeded by Monique Gagnon-Tremblay
MNA for Vaudreuil
In office
September 25, 1989 – March 2, 1998
Preceded by District created
Succeeded by Yvon Marcoux
MNA for Vaudreuil-Soulanges
In office
April 13, 1981 – September 25, 1989
Preceded by Louise Sauvé Cuerrier
Succeeded by District abolished
Personal details
Born Francis Daniel Johnson, Jr.
(1944-12-24) December 24, 1944 (age 69)
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Political party Quebec Liberal Party
Profession Lawyer

Daniel Johnson, Jr., GOQ (born December 24, 1944) is a former Quebec politician. He was a member of the Liberal Party of Quebec and was the 25th Premier of the Province of Quebec, Canada for nine months in 1994 until his party's defeat in the provincial general election.[1]

Life and career[edit]

Johnson was born in Montreal, Quebec. His father, Daniel Johnson, Sr., had been the Premier of Quebec from 1966 to his death in 1968 as the leader of the Union Nationale, a conservative political party. His brother is Pierre Marc Johnson, Parti Québécois leader from 1985-1987 and Premier of Quebec from October 3 to December 12, 1985.

Johnson received his Bachelor of Laws degree from the Université de Montréal in 1966. He also received LL.M. and Ph.D. degrees from the University College London in 1968 and 1971 respectively, as well as a Masters of Business Administration from the Harvard Business School in 1973. Johnson immediately began his career in the business world and worked for Power Corporation of Canada from 1973 to 1981. He served as the Vice-President of Power Corp. from 1978 to 1981. During that period, Daniel Johnson was active in the Montreal community, acting as Vice-president of the Montreal Chamber of Commerce, and sat on other non-profit boards, such as the Montreal Heart Institute and the Grands Ballets Canadiens.

Political career[edit]

He was first elected to the National Assembly of Quebec in the riding of Vaudreuil-Soulanges in the 1981 Quebec general election. He ran for the 1983 Quebec Liberal Party leadership convention but finished third behind Pierre Paradis and winner Robert Bourassa. He was re-elected in the 1985 election, which brought the Liberals to power. He became Minister of industry and Commerce in the Quebec government, and was Chairman of the Treasury Board from June 1988 until January 1994.

In January 1994, he became leader of the Quebec Liberal Party and Premier of Quebec following the resignation of Liberal leader Robert Bourassa. He then lost the 1994 provincial election to Jacques Parizeau of the Parti Québécois.

During the 1995 Quebec referendum, he headed the "No" federalist campaign, in opposition to the PQ's proposals for Quebec sovereignty. With the sovereignty campaign leading in polls, Prime Minister Jean Chretien and federal Progressive Conservative leader (and former Deputy Prime Minister) Jean Charest went to the province to help the "No" side campaign. The "No" side narrowly won the referendum.

Johnson served as Liberal party leader and leader of the Opposition until 1998 when he was succeeded by Jean Charest.

Post-political career[edit]

Since 1998, Daniel Johnson has acted as Senior Counsel with the law firm McCarthy Tétrault LLP. He is also a director of exp Global Inc., Bombardier Inc., The Great-West Life Assurance Company, The Investors Group, Ecopia Biosciences inc., and is Chairman of the Board of Victhom Human Bionics in Quebec City.

On April 15, 2008, Johnson was appointed to Bank of Canada's board of directors.[2]

Elections as party leader[edit]

Johnson lost the 1994 provincial election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec. 
  2. ^ Former Quebec Premier Named to BOC Board

External links[edit]

National Assembly of Quebec
Preceded by
Louise Cuerrier (Parti Québécois)
MNA, District of Vaudreuil
1981–1998
Succeeded by
Yvon Marcoux (Liberal)
Government offices
Preceded by
Robert Bourassa (Liberal)
Premier of Quebec
1994
Succeeded by
Jacques Parizeau (Parti Québécois)
Political offices
Preceded by
Jacques Parizeau (Parti Québécois)
Leader of the Opposition in Quebec
1994-1998
Succeeded by
Monique Gagnon-Tremblay (Liberal)
Party political offices
Preceded by
Robert Bourassa
Leader of the Liberal Party of Quebec
1994-1998
Succeeded by
Monique Gagnon-Tremblay