Daniel Pipes

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Daniel Pipes
Daniel Pipes LF.JPG
Pipes orating at the USC's American Freedom Alliance conference on June 15, 2008.
Born (1949-09-09) September 9, 1949 (age 65)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Occupation Distinguished Visiting Professor at Pepperdine University's School of Public Policy (Spring '07); President of Middle East Forum; Expert at Wikistrat
Nationality American
Ethnicity Jewish, Polish
Subject Middle East, American foreign policy, Islamic terrorism, Islamism
Relatives Richard Pipes (father)
Website
www.danielpipes.org

Daniel Pipes (born September 9, 1949) is an American historian, writer, and political commentator. He is the president of the Middle East Forum, and publisher of its Middle East Quarterly journal. His writing focuses on the American foreign policy and the Middle East. He is also an Expert at Wikistrat.[1]

After graduating with a PhD from Harvard and studying abroad, Pipes taught at a number of universities. He then served as director of the Foreign Policy Research Institute, before founding the Middle East Forum. His 2003 nomination by U.S. President George W. Bush to the board of directors of the U.S. Institute of Peace was protested by Islamists, Arab-American groups, and Democratic leaders, who cited his oft-stated belief that victory is the most effective way to terminate conflict.[2][3] The Bush administration sidestepped the opposition with a recess appointment.[2]

Pipes has written a dozen books, and served as an adviser to Rudolph Giuliani's 2008 presidential campaign.[4] He was in 2008-11 the Taube Distinguished Visiting Fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution.[5]

Early life and education[edit]

The son of Irene (née Roth) and Richard Pipes, Daniel Pipes was born in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1949.[6] His parents had each separately with their families fled German-occupied Poland, and met in the United States.[7] His father, Richard Pipes, was a historian at Harvard University, specializing in Russia, and Daniel Pipes grew up primarily in the Cambridge, Massachusetts area.

Pipes attended the Harvard pre-school, then received a private school education, partly abroad. He enrolled in Harvard University, where his father was a professor, in the fall of 1967; for his first two years he studied mathematics, but has said: "I wasn't smart enough. So I chose to become a historian."[8] He said he "found the material too abstract."[9] He credits visits to the Sahara Desert in 1968 and the Sinai Desert in 1969 for piquing his interest in the Arabic language,[8] and travels in West Africa for piquing his interest in the Islamic world, and he changed his major to Middle Eastern history.[9] For the next two years, Pipes studied Arabic and the Middle East, obtaining a B.A. in history in 1971; his senior thesis was titled "A Medieval Islamic Debate: The World Created in Eternity," a study of Muslim philosophers and Al-Ghazali.[8] After graduating in 1971, Pipes spent two years in Cairo. He learned Arabic and studied the Quran, which he states gave him an appreciation for Islam.[9] He wrote a book on colloquial Egyptian Arabic which was published in 1983. In all, he studied abroad for six years, three of them in Egypt.

Career[edit]

Work in academia[edit]

Pipes returned to Harvard in 1973 and, after further studies abroad (in Freiburg-im-Breisgau and Cairo) obtained a Ph.D. in medieval Islamic history[6] in 1978. His Ph.D. dissertation eventually became his first book, Slave Soldiers and Islam, in 1981. He switched his academic interest from medieval Islamic studies to modern Islam in the late 1970s, with the rise of Ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamic revolution in Iran.[6]

He taught world history at the University of Chicago from 1978 to 1982, history at Harvard from 1983 to 1984, and policy and strategy at the Naval War College from 1984 to 1986. In 1983, Pipes served on the policy-planning staff at the State Department in 1982-83.[10]

Post-academia[edit]

Pipes largely left academia after 1986, though in 2007 he taught a course titled "International Relations: Islam and Politics" as a visiting professor at Pepperdine University's School of Public Policy.[11] Pipes told an interviewer from Harvard Magazine that he has "the simple politics of a truck driver, not the complex ones of an academic. My viewpoint is not congenial with institutions of higher learning."[8]

From 1986 on, Pipes worked for various think tanks. From 1986 to 1993 he was director of the Philadelphia-based Foreign Policy Research Institute (FPRI) and editor of its journal, Orbis. In 1990 he organized the Middle East Forum as a unit of FPRI; it became an independent organization with himself as head in January 1994. Pipes edited its journal, the Middle East Quarterly, until 2001. He established Campus Watch as a project of the Middle East Forum in 2002, followed by the Legal Project in 2005, Islamist Watch in 2006, and the Washington Project in 2009.

In 2003, President George W. Bush nominated Pipes for the board of the United States Institute of Peace. After a controversy including a filibuster by Democratic Senators,[12] Pipes obtained the position by recess appointment[8] and served on the board until early 2005.

Campus Watch[edit]

Main article: Campus Watch

Pipes' think tank the Middle East Forum established a website in 2002 called Campus Watch, which identified what it saw as five problems in the teaching of Middle Eastern studies at American universities: "analytical failures, the mixing of politics with scholarship, intolerance of alternative views, apologetics, and the abuse of power over students." According to the New York Times, Campus Watch is the project for which Pipes is "perhaps best known."[13]

Through Campus Watch, Pipes encouraged students and faculty to submit information on "Middle East-related scholarship, lectures, classes, demonstrations, and other activities relevant to Campus Watch".[14] The project was accused of "McCarthyesque intimidation" of professors who criticized Israel when it published "dossiers" on eight professors it thought "hostile" to America. In protest, more than 100 academics demanded to be added to what some called a "blacklist". In October 2002 Campus Watch removed the dossiers from their website.[15][16][17][18]

Views on Islam and the Middle East[edit]

Radical and moderate Islam[edit]

Pipes has long expressed alarm about the dangers of "radical" or "militant Islam" to the Western world. In 1985, he wrote in Middle East Insight that "[t]he scope of the radical fundamentalist's ambition poses novel problems; and the intensity of his onslaught against the United States makes solutions urgent."[19] In the fall 1995 issue of National Interest, he wrote: "Unnoticed by most Westerners, war has been unilaterally declared on Europe and the United States."[20]

He wrote this in the aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing; investigative journalist Steven Emerson had said in the aftermath of the bombing that it bore a "Middle Eastern trait." Pipes agreed with Emerson and told USA Today that the United States was "under attack" and that Islamic fundamentalists "are targeting us."[6] Four months before the September 11, 2001 attacks, Pipes and Emerson wrote in the Wall Street Journal that al Qaeda was "planning new attacks on the U.S." and that Iranian operatives "helped arrange advanced ... training for al Qaeda personnel in Lebanon where they learned, for example, how to destroy large buildings."[21]

Pipes has written, "It’s a mistake to blame Islam, a religion 14 centuries old, for the evil that should be ascribed to militant Islam, a totalitarian ideology less than a century old. Militant Islam is the problem, but moderate Islam is the solution." [8][22] Pipes believes that moderate Muslims "constitute a very small movement", but a "brave" one, which the U.S. government should "give priority to locating, meeting with, funding, forwarding, empowering, and celebrating".[23]

Pipes has praised Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in Turkey and the Sudanese thinker Mahmoud Mohamed Taha.[24] In a September 2008 interview by Peter Robinson, Pipes stated that Muslims can be divided into three categories: "traditional Islam", which he sees as pragmatic and non-violent, "Islamism", which he sees as dangerous and militant, and "moderate Islam", which he sees as underground and not yet codified into a popular movement. He elaborated that he did not have the "theological background" to determine what group follows the Koran the closest and is truest to its intent.[25]

Pipes is an especially strong critic of Council on American–Islamic Relations (CAIR) considering the group to be pursuing an extreme Islamic agenda.

Muslims in Europe[edit]

In 1990, Pipes wrote in the National Review that given European attitudes they "are unprepared for the massive immigration of brown-skinned peoples cooking strange foods and maintaining different standards of hygiene ... Muslim immigrants bring with them a chauvinism that augurs badly for their integration into the mainstream of the European societies." But he concludes "If handled properly, the immigrants can even bring much of value, including new energy, to their host societies" and points to American assimilation.[26] The Guardian and academic Arun Kundnani cite the article as evidence of prejudice.[27][28] Pipes said "my goal in it was to characterize the thinking of Western Europeans, not give my own views. In retrospect, I should either have put the words 'brown-skinned peoples' and 'strange foods' in quotation marks or made it clearer that I was explaining European attitudes rather than my own."[26]

In response to the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy, Pipes wrote that the "key issue at stake" was whether the "West [would] stand up for its customs and mores, including freedom of speech" and the "right to insult and blasphemy". He supported Robert Spencer's call to "stand resolutely with Denmark." He lauded Norway, Germany and France for their stance on the cartoons and freedom of speech, but criticized Poland, Britain, New Zealand and the United States for giving statements he interpreted as "wrongly apologizing."[29]

Through his Middle East Forum, Pipes fund-raised for the Dutch politician Geert Wilders during his trial, according to NRC Handelsblad.[30] Pipes himself praised Wilders in January 2010 as a libertarian who is "the unrivaled leader of those Europeans who wish to retain their historic [European] identity."[31] However, in November 2010 Pipes called Wilders' political program in an interview "bizarre" and not to be taken too seriously.[32]

Muslims in the United States[edit]

In October 2001 Pipes said before a convention of the American Jewish Congress: "I worry very much, from the Jewish point of view, that the presence, and increased stature, and affluence, and enfranchisement of American Muslims, because they are so much led by an Islamist leadership, that this will present true dangers to American Jews."[33][34]

According to The New York Times, Pipes has "enraged" many American Muslims by advocating that Muslims in government and military positions be given special attention as security risks and by opining that mosques are "breeding grounds for militants."[35] In a 2004 article in the New York Sun, Pipes endorsed a defense of the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II, and linked the Japanese-American wartime situation to that of Muslim Americans today.[36][37]

Pipes has criticized the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), which he says is an "apologist" for Hezbollah and Hamas, and has a "roster of employees and board members connected to terrorism".[38] CAIR, in turn, has said that "Pipes' writings are full of distortions and innuendo."[39]

The New York Times cited Pipes as helping to lead the charge against Debbie Almontaser, a woman with a "longstanding reputation as a Muslim moderate" whom Pipes viewed as a representative of a pernicious new movement of "lawful Islamists." Almontaser resigned under pressure as principal of Khalil Gibran International Academy, an Arabic-language high school in New York City named after the famed Christian Arab-American poet. Pipes initially described the school as a "madrassa", which means school in Arabic but, in the West, carries the implication of Islamist teaching, though he later admitted that his use of the term had been "a bit of a stretch".[13] Pipes explained his opposition: "It is hard to see how violence, how terrorism will lead to the implementation of sharia. It is much easier to see how, working through the system — the school system, the media, the religious organizations, the government, businesses and the like — you can promote radical Islam."[13] Pipes had also stated that “Arabic-language instruction is inevitably laden with Pan-Arabist and Islamist baggage.”[13]

Support of Pipes' views[edit]

Boston Globe columnist Jeff Jacoby writes: "To hear his critics tell it, Pipes is an 'Islamophobe'", but in Jacoby's view, "these are gross and vicious libels."[40]

Tashbih Sayyed, former editor of the Muslim World Today and the Pakistan Times (not the Pakistani newspaper of the same name), stated about Pipes, "He must be listened to. If there is no Daniel Pipes, there is no source for America to learn to recognize the evil which threatens it... Muslims in America that are like Samson; they have come into the temple to pull down the pillars, even if it means destroying themselves."[8] Similarly, Ahmed Subhy Mansour, a former visiting fellow at Harvard Law School, writes, "We Muslims need a thinker like Dr. Pipes, who can criticize the terrorist culture within Islam."[8]

Daniel C. Peterson, professor of Islamic Studies and Arabic, thinks positively of Daniel Pipes' works, that he is "a legitimate, well-trained scholar, and very bright." Peterson also worries about what he thinks is a campaign to blacken and marginalize Daniel Pipes, because "if he’s wrong, that should be demonstrated with evidence and analysis, not by name-calling."[41]

Criticism of Pipes' views[edit]

In The Nation, Brooklyn writer Kristine McNeil describes Pipes as an "anti-Arab propagandist" who has built a career out of "distortions... twist[ing] words, quot[ing] people out of context and stretch[ing] the truth to suit his purpose."[18] James Zogby argues that Pipes possesses an "obsessive hatred of all things Muslim", and that "Pipes is to Muslims what David Duke is to African-Americans".[40] Christopher Hitchens, a fellow supporter of the Iraq War and critic of political Islam, has also criticized Pipes, arguing that Pipes pursues an intolerant agenda, "confuses scholarship with propaganda", and "pursues petty vendettas with scant regard for objectivity." [42]

Pipes's views gained widespread public attention when they triggered a filibuster in the United States Senate against his nomination by President George W. Bush to the board of the United States Institute of Peace.[12] Senator Tom Harkin (D-IA) explained that he was "offended" by Pipes's comments on Islam, and that while "some people call [Pipes] a scholar... this is not the kind of person you want on the USIP."[43] While defending Pipes's nomination, White House spokesman Ari Fleischer distanced Bush from Pipes's views, saying that Bush "disagrees with Pipes about whether Islam is a peaceful religion."[35]

In addition, Pipes sparked a controversy when he was invited to speak at the University of Toronto in March 2005. A letter from professors and graduate students asserted that Pipes had a "long record of xenophobic, racist and sexist speech that goes back to 1990."[44] but university officials said they would not interfere with Pipes's visit.[45] Pipes would later write an article recollecting his experience with the incident at the University of Toronto.[46]

Nicholas D. Kristof of the New York Times compared and contrasted Pipes with Juan Cole. Kristof said that while both are "smart" and "well-informed", Pipes is less sensible, and consequently Kristof often disagrees with Pipes.[47]

Professor John L. Esposito of Georgetown University has called Pipes "a bright, well-trained expert with considerable experience", but accuses Pipes of "selectivity and distortion" when asserting that "10 to 15 percent of the world's Muslims are militants". In summation, Esposito complains that Pipes' equation of "mainstream and extremist[s] Islam under the rubric of militant Islam" while identifying "moderate Islam as secular or cultural" can mislead "uninformed or uncritical readers."[48]

Allegations against Barack Obama[edit]

Pipes notes that many in the Muslim world believe Barack Obama is or was a Muslim.[49][50] Pipes alleged that Obama falsely claims that he had never been a Muslim,[51] and his "the campaign appears to be either ignorant or fabricating when it states that Obama never prayed in a mosque."[52][53] Pipes wrote an article for FrontPage Magazine entitled "Confirmed: Barack Obama Practiced Islam." According to Pipes, "this matters" because Democratic presidential candidate Obama "is now what Islamic law calls a murtadd (apostate), an ex-Muslim converted to another religion who must be executed", and as president this would have "large potential implications for his relationship with the Muslim world."[54] Ben Smith, in an article on Politico responded to these accusations claiming that they amounted to a "template for a faux-legitimate assault on Obama's religion" and that Daniel Pipes' work "is pretty stunning in the twists of its logic".[55]

Views on U.S. foreign policy[edit]

Pipes was a firm supporter of the Vietnam War, and when his fellow students occupied the Harvard administration building to protest it in the 1960s, he sided with the administration.[6] Pipes had previously considered himself to be a Democrat, but after anti-war George McGovern gained the 1972 Democratic nomination for President, he switched to the Republican Party.[6] Pipes used to accept being described as a "neoconservative", once saying that "others see me that way, and, you know, maybe I am one of them."[56][57] However, he explicitly rejected the label in April 2009 due to differences with the neoconservative positions on democracy and Iraq, now considering himself a "plain conservative".[56]

Arab-Israeli conflict[edit]

Pipes is a supporter of Israel in the Arab-Israeli conflict and an opponent of a Palestinian state. He wrote in Commentary in April 1990 that "there can be either an Israel or a Palestine, but not both... to those who ask why the Palestinians must be deprived of a state, the answer is simple: grant them one and you set in motion a chain of events that will lead either to its extinction or the extinction of Israel."[58] Pipes has proposed a Three state solution to the conflict, in which Gaza would be given to Egypt and the West Bank to Jordan.[59]

In September 2008, he said, "Palestinians do not accept the existence of a Jewish state. Until that change, I don't see any point in having any kind of negotiations whatsoever." He also described the Israeli public as focused on a mistaken policy that he considers to be "appeasement".[25]

Iran[edit]

Pipes currently advocates that U.S. President Barack Obama "give orders for the U.S. military to destroy Iran’s nuclear-weapon capacity ... The time to act is now."[60] He claims that "circumstances are propitious" for the U.S. to initiate a bombing of Iran, and that "no one other than the Iranian rulers and their agents denies that the regime is rushing headlong to build a large nuclear arsenal." He further states that a unilateral U.S. bombing of Iran "would require few 'boots on the ground' and entail relatively few casualties, making an attack more politically palatable."[60]

Pipes' opposition to Iran is long-standing. In 1980, Pipes wrote that "Iran made the transition to a post-oil economy. It is the only major oil exporter to abandon the heady billions and return to live by its own means."[61] Pipes was critical of the Reagan administration for its role in the Iran-Contra affair, writing that "American actions also helped to legitimize other kinds of help for, and capitulation to, the Ayatollah."[62]

Pipes advocates that the U.S. support the Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK) against Iran.[63][64] Previously listed as a terrorist group by the U.S. and the European Union, Pipes had long advocated a change in that listing.[64][65] Pipes had described this listing as a "sop to the mullahs". He writes, "the MEK poses no danger to Americans or Europeans, and has not for decades. It does pose a danger to the malign, bellicose theocratic regime in Tehran."[63]

Awards and honors[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wikistrat profile on Daniel Pipes.". Wikistrat. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Lockman, Zachary. Contending visions of the Middle East. 2004, page 257
  3. ^ Hagopian, Elaine Catherine. Civil rights in peril. 2004, page 113
  4. ^ Wulfhorst, Ellen (November 19, 2007). "Giuliani style evokes concern among critics". Reuters. Retrieved July 22, 2009. 
  5. ^ Daniel Pipes, Fellows, Hoover Institution website. Accessed July 24, 2011.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Press, Eyal (May 2004). "Neocon man: Daniel Pipes has made his name inveighing against an academy overrun by political extremists.". The Nation. Archived from the original on November 13, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2007. 
  7. ^ Richard Pipes. Vixi: memoirs of a non-belonger. 2006, page 2; page 50
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Tassel, Janet (January–February 2005). "Militant About "Islamism"". Harvard Magazine. Retrieved May 12, 2008. 
  9. ^ a b c Ballon, Marc (March 6, 2007). "Daniel Pipes fights the worldwide threat of Islamism – from Malibu". Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Retrieved May 12, 2008. 
  10. ^ Arabists: The Romance of an American Elite, Kaplan, Robert D., p. 287, Simon and Schuster, 1995
  11. ^ "School of Public Policy Announces 2007 Distinguished Visiting Professor: Daniel Pipes". Pepperdine University. Retrieved May 13, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b "A Misdirected Attack: Editorial". Los Angeles Times. August 17, 2003. Retrieved May 12, 2008. 
  13. ^ a b c d Elliot, Andrea (April 27, 2008). "Critics Cost Muslim Educator Her Dream School". The New York Times. Retrieved May 3, 2008. 
  14. ^ "Keep Us Informed". Campus Watch. 
  15. ^ Schevitz, Tanya (September 28, 2002). "Professors want own names put on Mideast blacklist – They hope to make it powerless". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 12, 2008. 
  16. ^ Ayloush, Hussam (December 1, 2002). "Column a slur on Muslim community". Orange County Register. Retrieved March 1, 2008. 
  17. ^ Schevitz, Tanya (October 3, 2002). "'Dossiers' dropped from Web blacklist". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 12, 2008. 
  18. ^ a b McNeil, Kristine (November 11, 2002). "The War on Academic Freedom". The Nation. Retrieved October 21, 2007. 
  19. ^ Pipes, Daniel (March–April 1985). ""Death to America" in Lebanon". Middle East Insight. Retrieved March 1, 2008. 
  20. ^ Pipes, Daniel (Fall 1995). "There Are No Moderates: Dealing with Fundamentalist Islam". National Interest. Retrieved March 1, 2008. 
  21. ^ Emerson, Steven; Daniel Pipes (May 31, 2001). "Terrorism on Trial". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 13, 2008. 
  22. ^ Pipes, Daniel (May 8, 2007). "A Million Moderate Muslims on the March". New York Sun. 
  23. ^ Pipes, Daniel (April 17, 2007). "Bolstering Moderate Muslims". New York Sun. 
  24. ^ Pipes, Daniel (April 16, 2008). "A democratic Islam?". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved May 13, 2008. 
  25. ^ a b The Middle East with Daniel Pipes on YouTube. Uncommon Knowledge. Hoover Institution. Published September 23, 2008. Accessed July 21, 2009.
  26. ^ a b Pipes, Daniel (November 19, 1990). "The Muslims are Coming! The Muslims are Coming!". National Review. Retrieved March 13, 2008. 
  27. ^ Whitaker, Brian (September 10, 2001). "US pulls plug on Muslim websites". The Guardian. 
  28. ^ Syed Hamad Ali (April 3, 2014). "'The Muslims are Coming!': Arun Kundnani explains terrorism". Gulf News. 
  29. ^ Pipes, Daniel (February 7, 2006). "Cartoons and Islamic Imperialism". New York Sun. Retrieved May 13, 2008. 
  30. ^ "Partners Wilders in VS verdienen aan acties teen moslimextremisme" (in Dutch). May 15, 2010.  Pipes is quoted saying he collected in 2009 a 6-digit figure for the party of Wilders.
  31. ^ Daniel Pipes (Jan 19, 2010). "Why I Stand with Geert Wilders". National Review. 
  32. ^ Ramon Schack (November 10, 2012). "A conversation with the American critics of Islam Daniel Pipes". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). 
  33. ^ Pipes, Daniel (January 5, 2004). "A French lesson for Tom Harkin". World Net Daily. Retrieved May 13, 2008. 
  34. ^ Ferguson, Barbara. "Daniel Pipes Continuing His Campaign Against Muslims". Arab News. 
  35. ^ a b Stevenson, Richard (April 28, 2003). "For Muslims, a Mixture Of White House Signals". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2007. 
  36. ^ "Japanese Internment: Why It Was a Good Idea--And the Lessons It Offers Today". New York Sun. December 28, 2004. 
  37. ^ Irfan Khawaja. "Japanese Internment: Why Daniel Pipes Is Wrong". History News Network. 
  38. ^ Daniel Pipes; Sharon Chadha (Spring 2006). "CAIR: Islamists Fooling the Establishment". Middle East Quarterly. 
  39. ^ Susan Taylor Martin (September 23, 2007). "With CAIR, compromise complicated: The American Muslim group's stated goal is understanding. But some don't trust it.". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved April 20, 2014. 
  40. ^ a b "Pipes's effective route to peace". Daniel Pipes. 
  41. ^ "Daniel C Peterson On Daniel Pipes". LDS Patriot. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  42. ^ Hitchens, Christopher (August 11, 2003). "Pipes the propagandist". Slate. Retrieved May 13, 2008. 
  43. ^ "Daniel Pipes nomination stalled in committee". Baltimore Chronicle. July 23, 2003. Retrieved May 13, 2008. 
  44. ^ Alphonso, Caroline (March 29, 2005). "Visit by pro-Israeli prof causes uproar at UofT". The Globe and Mail. [dead link]
  45. ^ "Open Letter". The Varsity. [dead link]
  46. ^ Pipes, Daniel. "The rot in our [Canadian] universities". danielpipes.org. 
  47. ^ Nicholad Kristoff (2009-03-18). "The Daily Me". New York Times. 
  48. ^ John L. Esposito (October 17, 2002). "Militant Islam Reaches America (Daniel Pipes)". The American Muslim. 
  49. ^ [1] The Jerusalem Post August 25, 2008. Retrieved on December 26, 2008.
  50. ^ Daniel Pipes (Aug 25, 2008). "Barack Obama through Muslim Eyes". Retrieved Sep 25, 2013. 
  51. ^ "In Cleveland, Obama Speaks on Jewish Issues". New York Sun. Feb 25, 2008. 
  52. ^ Was Obma Ever a Muslim? Danielpipes.org December 24, 2007. Retrieved on December 26, 2008.
  53. ^ Daniel Pipes (Sep 7, 2012). "Obama: ‘I have never been a Muslim’". Washington Times. 
  54. ^ Pipes, Daniel (January 7, 2008). "Confirmed: Barack Obama Practiced Islam". FrontPage Magazine. Retrieved May 13, 2008. 
  55. ^ Ben Smith: The Muslim smear version 2.0 The Politico December 30, 2007. Retrieved on December 26, 2008.
  56. ^ a b Daniel, Pipes (March 8, 2005). "A Neo-Conservative's Caution". Daniel Pipes. Retrieved April 10, 2009. 
  57. ^ Colvin, Mark (March 28, 2006). "US led coalition no longer responsible for Iraq: Daniel Pipes". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 
  58. ^ Pipes, Daniel (April 1990). "Can the Palestinians Make Peace?". Commentary with alterations by Daniel Pipes, reprinted on DanielPipes.org. Retrieved May 13, 2008. 
  59. ^ Solving the "Palestinian Problem," by Daniel Pipes, Jerusalem Post, January 7, 2009 [2]
  60. ^ a b Pipes, Daniel (February 2, 2010). "How to Save the Obama Presidency: Bomb Iran". The National Review. 
  61. ^ Pipes, Daniel (July 10, 1980). "Iran's Good Fortune". Washington Post. 
  62. ^ ">Pipes, Daniel; Mylroie, Laurie (April 27, 1987). "Back Iraq: It's time for a U.S. ‘tilt'". The New Republic. 
  63. ^ a b Pipes, Daniel (July 10, 2007). "Unleash the Iranian Opposition". New York Sun with alterations by Daniel Pipes, reprinted on DanielPipes.org. Retrieved March 25, 2008. 
  64. ^ a b Daniel Pipes (Feb 28, 2012). "Resettling the Mujahedeen-e Khalq of Iraq". National Review Online. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  65. ^ Christina Wilkie (March 13, 2014). "John Kerry Gets Pressed To Grant Asylum To Former Terrorist Group MEK". Huffington Post. 
  66. ^ Rabinowitz, Beila (March 8, 2006). "Dr Daniel Pipes To Be Awarded Danish "Free Speech Prize"". PipeLine News. 
  67. ^ Daniel Pipes, Middle East Scholar and Author, to Keynote Yeshiva University's Commencement Exercises and Receive Honorary Degree May 22 Yeshiva University May 12, 2003. Retrieved on December 26, 2008.
  68. ^ Ruthie Blum: Interview: ‘I watch with frustration as the Israelis don't get the point' Jerusalem Post June 9, 2006. Retrieved on December 26, 2008.

External links[edit]