Daniel S. Dickinson

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Daniel Stevens Dickinson
Daniel Dickinson NY.jpg
United States Senator
from New York
In office
November 30, 1844 – March 4, 1851
Preceded by Nathaniel P. Tallmadge
Succeeded by Hamilton Fish
Lieutenant Governor of New York
In office
1843–1844
Preceded by Luther Bradish
Succeeded by Addison Gardiner
Personal details
Born (1800-09-11)September 11, 1800
Goshen, Connecticut
Died April 12, 1866(1866-04-12) (aged 65)
New York City, New York
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Lydia Knapp Dickinson

Daniel Stevens Dickinson (September 11, 1800 – April 12, 1866) was a New York politician, most notable as a United States Senator from 1844 to 1851.

Biography[edit]

Daniel S. Dickinson

Born in Goshen, Connecticut, he moved with his parents to Guilford, Chenango County, New York, in 1806. He attended the common schools, was apprenticed to a clothier, and taught school at Wheatland, New York from 1821 on. In 1822, he married Lydia Knapp. He also engaged in land surveying, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1828. He commenced practice in Guilford, and served as Postmaster of Guilford from 1827 to 1832. He moved to Binghamton, New York and served as the first President of the City of Binghamton in 1834.

He was a member of the New York State Senate (6th D.) from 1837 to 1840, sitting in the 60th, 61st, 62nd and 63rd New York State Legislatures. He was Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1843 to 1844. In 1844, he was a presidential elector, voting for James K. Polk and George M. Dallas.

In 1844 he was appointed as a Democrat to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Nathaniel P. Tallmadge, and was subsequently elected to a full term, holding office from November 30, 1844, to March 4, 1851. He was Chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Finance (1849–1850), a member of the Committee on Manufactures (Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth United States Congresses), and a member of the Committee on Private Land Claims (Thirty-first United States Congress). As a senator and after, Dickinson was the leader of the conservative Hunker faction of the New York Democratic Party, and would eventually become leader of the "Hards" who opposed reconciliation with the more radical Barnburner faction which had left the party in 1848 to join the Free Soilers. Dickinson resumed the practice of law in 1851. He was delegate to the 1852 Democratic National Convention. In 1853, President Franklin Pierce appointed him as Collector of the Port of New York, but he declined to take office. In 1860, he supported John C. Breckinridge for President.

He was elected New York State Attorney General in November 1861 on a ticket nominated by the Independent People's state convention (War Democrats), and endorsed by the Republicans. He was appointed United States Commissioner for the final settlement of the Hudson Bay and Puget Sound agricultural claims in 1864. He was considered as a possible vice-presidential candidate when Abraham Lincoln was running for reelection. Eventually, Dickinson was passed over in favor of Andrew Johnson. Had he been nominated for vice president, Dickinson would have become president upon Lincoln's death. However, he would have only been able to serve until 1866 and Lafayette S. Foster would have replaced him as president. Dickinson was, however, appointed by President Lincoln United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York in 1865 which position he held until his death in office the next year.

He died in New York City, and was buried at the Spring Forest Cemetery in Binghamton.

Legacy[edit]

Daniel S. Dickinson is the namesake of Dickinson County, Iowa and Dickinson County, Kansas.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 106. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

New York State Senate
Preceded by
John F. Hubbard
New York State Senate
Sixth District (Class 2)

1837–1840
Succeeded by
Nehemiah Platt
Political offices
Preceded by
Luther Bradish
Lieutenant Governor of New York
1843–1844
Succeeded by
Addison Gardiner
United States Senate
Preceded by
Nathaniel P. Tallmadge
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from New York
1844–1851
Served alongside: Henry A. Foster, John A. Dix and William H. Seward
Succeeded by
Hamilton Fish
Preceded by
Charles G. Atherton
New Hampshire
Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Finance
1849–1850
Succeeded by
Robert M.T. Hunter
Virginia
Legal offices
Preceded by
Charles G. Myers
New York Attorney General
1862–1863
Succeeded by
John Cochrane