Daniel Symmes

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Daniel Symmes
Seal of the Supreme Court of Ohio.svg
Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court
In office
February 7, 1805 – January 9, 1808
Preceded by Return J. Meigs, Jr.
Succeeded by William Sprigg
Personal details
Born 1772
Sussex County, New Jersey
Died May 10, 1817
Cincinnati, Ohio
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Oliver
Alma mater Princeton University

Daniel Symmes (1772 – May 10, 1817)[1] was a politician in the U.S. State of Ohio in the Ohio State Senate, an Ohio Supreme Court Judge 1805-1808, Mayor of Cincinnati 1808-1809, and register of the Cincinnati land office.

Daniel Symmes was born at Sussex County, New Jersey. He was a nephew of the pioneer land speculator of southwest Ohio John Cleves Symmes. He was educated at Princeton College, and came west with his family, among the first settlers in the Miami Purchase.[2]

In 1794, he was appointed Hamilton County Sheriff by Territorial Governor Arthur St. Clair.[1] Symmes married Elizabeth Oliver on April 10, 1796 in North Bend, Ohio.[1] Symmes practiced law in Cincinnati, and, in June 1803, he was elected to the first Board of Directors of the first bank established in the State of Ohio, the Miami Exporting Company of Cincinnati.[3] In 1803 he was appointed Prosecuting Attorney for several counties.[1]

Just after statehood, Symmes was elected to represent Hamilton County in the Ohio Senate for the first through third General Assemblies, 1803-1805.[4] In 1805 the Ohio Legislature appointed him a judge of the Ohio Supreme Court, to fill the vacancy created when Return Jonathan Meigs, Jr. resigned[2]

In 1808-1809, Symmes served as President of the Cincinnati Council, (equivalent to Mayor).[5][6]

Symmes was appointed register of the Cincinnati Land Office by President Jefferson, resigning from the court, and served for seven years.

Symmes died May 10, 1817 in Cincinnati. His wife re-married, to Thomas Graham, September 29, 1819.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Daniel Symmes". The Supreme Court of Ohio and The Ohio Judicial System. Retrieved 2012-11-10. 
  2. ^ a b Reed 1897 : 12
  3. ^ Randall 1912 : 490
  4. ^ Ohio 1917 : 217
  5. ^ Greve 1904 : 438
  6. ^ Goss 1912 : 96


Political offices
Preceded by
Martin Baum
Mayor of Cincinnati
Succeeded by
James Findlay
Legal offices
Preceded by
Return J. Meigs, Jr.
Ohio Supreme Court Judges
Succeeded by
William Sprigg
Ohio Senate
Preceded by
New Position
Senator from Hamilton County
Served alongside: Jeremiah Morrow, John Paul, Francis Dunlavy
John Bigger, William Ward, William C. Schenck
Cornelius Sneider
Succeeded by
Stephen Wood
Cornelius Sneider