|Daniil Alexandrovich Granin
Даниил Александрович Гранин
|Born||Daniil Alexandrovich German
January 1, 1919
Volyn, Kursk, Russia, USSR
|Occupation||Engineer, Soldier, Writer|
|Alma mater||Leningrad Polytechnical Institute|
Granin started writing in the 1930s, while he was still an engineering student at the Leningrad Polytechnical Institute. After graduation, Granin began working as a senior engineer at an energy laboratory, and shortly after war broke out, he volunteered to fight as a soldier.
One of the first widely praised works of Granin was a short story about graduate students titled "Variant vtoroi" (The second variant), which was published in the journal Zvezda in 1949. Granin had continued to study engineering and work as a technical writer before he achieved literary success, thanks to his Iskateli (Those Who Seek, 1955), a novel inspired by his career in engineering. This book was about the overly bureaucratic Soviet system, which tended to stifle new ideas.
Granin served as a board member of the Leningrad Union of Writers, and he was a winner of many medals and honors including the State Prize for Literature in 1978 and Hero of Socialist Labor 1989. He has continued to write in the post-Soviet era.
According to The Great Soviet Encyclopedia: "The main theme of Granin’s works is the romance and poetry of scientific and technological creativity and the struggle between searching, principled, genuine scientists imbued with the communist ideological context and untalented people, careerists, and bureaucrats (the novels Those Who Seek, 1954, and Into the Storm, 1962)."
In 1979, he published Blokadnaya kniga (translated as A Book of the Blockade), which mainly revolves around the lives of two small children, a 16-year-old boy and an academic during the Siege of Leningrad. Written together with Ales Adamovich, the book is based on the interviews, diaries and personal memoirs of those, who survived the siege during 1941-44. It was nominated for the 2004 Lettre Ulysses Award for the Art of Reportage.
One of his most popular books is The Bison (1987), which tells the story of the Soviet geneticist Nikolay Timofeeff-Ressovsky.
Below is a list of works by Granin translated into English:
- Those Who Seek (1955)
- Into the Storm (1964, tr. 1965)
- "The House on the Fontanka" (1967, tr. 1970)
- A Book of the Blockade (1979, tr. 1983)
- The Bison: A Novel about the Scientist Who Defied Stalin (1987, tr. 1990)
Honours and awards
- Hero of Socialist Labour (1989)
- Order of St. Andrew (December 28, 2008) - for outstanding contribution to the development of national literature, many years of creative and social activities
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class (1 January 1999) - for services to the state and a major contribution to razvitieotechestvennoy[clarification needed] literature
- Order of Lenin
- Order of the Red Banner
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour
- Order of the Red Star
- Order of the Patriotic War, 1st class
- Order of Friendship of Peoples
- Officers Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (Germany)
- Minor planet number 3120 named Granin
- Year of birth mistakenly given in some sources as 1918 because of a misprint in a 1964 literary encyclopedia: Vyacheslav Ogryzko, Russkie pisateli, sovremennaya epokha (Literaturnaya Rossiaya, 2004) ["Во втором томе «Краткой литературной энциклопедии» (М., 1964) дата рождения ошибочно указана 1 января 1918 года."].
- "Dictionary of Literary Biography on Daniil Granin". Retrieved 2011-02-19..
- "Encyclopedia of Soviet Writers". Retrieved 2013-10-31.
- "Гранин Даниил Александрович". War Heroes.
- "The Great Soviet Encyclopedia". 1979. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
- Daniil Granin, Ales Adamovich (2008). Leningrad Under Siege. Clare Burstall. Pen & Sword Military. ISBN 978-1-84415-458-6..
- "Second Press Release 2004". Lettre Ulysses Award for the Art of Reportage. 2004. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
- "Писатели требуют от правительства решительных действий". Izvestia. 5 October 1993. Retrieved 21 August 2011. (Russian)
- Daniil Granin (1980). "An Autobiography of Daniil Granin" (in Russian). Retrieved 2011-02-20.
- "Daniil Granin's Life" (in Russian). 2000-12-12. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
- The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). "A Biography of Daniil Granin" (in English).
- "The Works of Daniil Granin" (in Russian).
- Daniil Granin (1971). "The Difference Between Soviet Literature and Western Literature" (in English).