Danish Folketing election, 1943

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Danish Folketing election, 1943
Denmark
1939 ←
23 March 1943
→ 1945

All 149 seats to the Folketing
75 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Hans hedtoft.jpg Christmas Moller.PNG
Leader Hans Hedtoft Christmas Møller Knud Kristensen
Party Social Democrats Conservative People's Venstre
Last election 64 seats, 42.9% 26 seats, 17.8% 30 seats, 18.2%
Seats won 66 31 28
Seat change Increase2 Increase5 Decrease2
Popular vote 894,632 421,523 376,850
Percentage 44.5% 21.0% 18.7%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Clausen.PNG
Leader Jørgen Jørgensen Arne Sørensen Frits Clausen
Party Social Liberals Danish Unity National Socialists
Last election 14 seats, 9.5% 1 seat, 0.5% 3 seats, 1.8%
Seats won 13 3 3
Seat change Decrease1 Increase2 Steady0
Popular vote 175,179 43,367 43,309
Percentage 8.7% 2.2% 2.1%

  Seventh party Eighth party
 
Leader P. Gregersen Valdemar Thomsen
Party Justice Farmers'
Last election 3 seats, 2.0% 4 seats, 3.0%
Seats won 2 2
Seat change Decrease1 Decrease2
Popular vote 31,323 24,572
Percentage 1.6% 1.2%

Prime Minister before election

Erik Scavenius
Nonpartisan

Elected Prime Minister

Erik Scavenius
Nonpartisan

Folketing elections were held in Denmark on 23 March 1943 alongside Landsting elections,[1] except in the Faroe Islands where they were held on 3 May. They were the first elections during the German occupation, and although many people feared how the Germans might react to the election, the event took place peacefully.[2] The voter turnout was at 89.5%, the highest of any Danish parliamentary election, and became a demonstration against the occupation. The Social Democratic Party remained the largest in the Folketing, with 66 of the 149 seats. After the elections, leading German newspapers expressed disappointment and indignation with the lack of political evolution among the Danish voters.[2]

The Communist Party of Denmark had been banned since 1941 and could not participate in these elections.

95% of the vote went to the four biggest, traditional democratic parties. In the years since, there has been some debate about whether this can be seen as democratic support for the government's "cooperation" policy (samarbejdspolitikken) with the German occupation authorities.[3] Some have argued that the result showed a broad unity of opinion in the population and among politicians in support of the relatively cooperative line taken by the government. Bertel Haarder, citing Knud Kristensen, has argued that the vote was sold as one of solidarity with the Danish constitution, democracy, and a rejection of totalitarian elements in society, and cannot therefore be seen as an explicit endorsement by the population of the government's line.[3]


Results[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party 894,632 44.5 66 +2
Conservative People's Party 421,523 21.0 31 +5
Venstre 376,850 18.7 28 –2
Danish Social Liberal Party 175,179 8.7 13 –1
Danish Unity 43,367 2.2 3 +2
National Socialist Workers' Party 43,309 2.1 3 0
Justice Party of Denmark 31,323 1.6 2 –1
Farmers' Party 24,572 1.2 2 –2
Independents 28 0.0 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 29,800
Total 2,040,583 100 148 0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
A
  
44.49%
C
  
20.96%
D
  
18.74%
B
  
8.71%
R
  
2.16%
N
  
2.15%
E
  
1.56%
F
  
1.22%
Others
  
0.00%

Faroe Islands[edit]

The Faroes seat was won by Þ Petersen, an independent who was a member of the People's Party. However, his election victory was not recognised until 16 August 1945,[4] only two and a half months before the elections that year.

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Independent 3,452 48.2 1 +1
Venstre-Union Party 2,308 32.3 0 –1
Social Democratic Party 1,385 19.4 0 0
Invalid/blank votes
Total 7,155 100 1 0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p524 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b Nordengaard, J. P. (1949). Valgene til Rigsdagen gennem 100 Aar (in Danish). Roskilde Dagbladstrykkeri. pp. chapter III, pp. 7–8. 
  3. ^ a b Bertel, Haarder (21 September 2005). "Nye myter om samarbejdspolitikken" (in Danish). Information. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p540