A contemporary drawing of the Danish colonial
fort, Fort Christiansborg
, now Osu Castle
. The outpost to the right is Fort Prøvestenen
The Danish Gold Coast was a part of the Gold Coast (roughly present-day southeast Ghana), which is on the West African Gulf of Guinea (hence the territory is sometimes called Danish Guinea). It was colonized by the Danes, first under indirect rule by the Danish West India Company (a chartered company), later as a crown colony.
In 1850 the five Danish Gold Coast Settlements were sold to the United Kingdom and were incorporated into the British Gold Coast.
On April 20, 1663, the Danish seizure of Fort Christiansborg and Carlsborg (Cape Castle) completed the annexation of the Swedish Gold Coast settlements. From 1674 to 1755 the settlements were administered by the Danish West India-Guinea Company. From December 1680 to 29 August 1682, the Portuguese occupied Fort Christiansborg.
In 1750 it was made a Danish crown colony. From 1782 to 1785 it was under British occupation. On 30 March 1850 all Danish Gold Coast Settlements were sold to Britain and incorporated into the British Gold Coast.
The title of its chief colonial administrator was Opperhoved (singular; sometimes rendered in English as Station Chief) since 1658, only in 1766 upgraded to Governor.
Forts and settlements 
Main forts 
The following forts were in the possession of Denmark until all forts were sold to the United Kingdom in 1850.
Map of the main forts of the Danish Gold Coast
Temporarily held forts and trading posts 
Apart from these main forts, several forts and trading posts were temporarily held by the Danes.
See also 
Sources and references 
Further reading 
- Closing the Books: Governor Edward Carstensen on Danish Guinea, 1842-50. Translated from the Danish by Tove Storsveen. Accra, Ghana: Sub-Saharan Publishers, 2010.
External links