Danna, Baysan

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For the island in Scotland, see Danna, Scotland.
Danna
Danna is located in Mandatory Palestine
Danna
Danna
Arabic دنه
Name meaning the Amphora[1]
Subdistrict Baysan
Coordinates 32°36′46.5″N 35°28′27.5″E / 32.612917°N 35.474306°E / 32.612917; 35.474306Coordinates: 32°36′46.5″N 35°28′27.5″E / 32.612917°N 35.474306°E / 32.612917; 35.474306
Palestine grid 194/224
Population 190 (1945)
Area 6,614 dunams
6.6 km²
Date of depopulation 28 May 1948
Cause(s) of depopulation Expulsion by Yishuv forces

Danna (Arabic: دنه‎) was a Palestinian village 13 kilometres north of Baysan that was captured by the Israel Defense Forces during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.[2]

History[edit]

In 1596, Danna was part of the Ottoman Empire, nahiya (subdistrict) of Shafa under the liwa' (district) of Lajjun with a population of 5 Muslim families, (estimated 28 people). It paid taxes to the Ottoman government on a number of crops, including wheat and barley, and other types of produce, such as goats and beehives.[3]

Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, a Swiss traveler to Palestine who passed through the area around 1817, mentioned the village without providing an description.[4][5]

In the late nineteenth century, the village of Danna was situated on a slope, and was surrounded by farmland. There was a spring with a watering trough to the west. The village houses were built of stone and adobe.[6]

At the time of the 1931 census, Danna had 28 occupied houses and a population of 149 Muslims.[7]

The village was shaped like a rectangle whose longer sides were aligned in a north-south direction. During the British Mandate the village expanded and new houses, constructed of stone and adobe brick, were built along the road to the nearby village of Kafra. It was classified in this period as a hamlet in the Palestine Index Gazetteer. There were a few shops and a mosque which contained the shrine of a Shaykh Daniyal. The village spring provided water for all the residents, who all were Muslim. The villagers worked primarily in rainfed agriculture. In 1944/45 a total of 5,097 dunams was allotted to cereals; 14 dunams were irrigated or used for orchards. Grass and leafy vegetation grew on the slopes and peaks of the neighboring mountains and were used for grazing.[8]

The village today[edit]

According to the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, 1992, the remaining structures on the village land are:

"Bushes, cactus plants, thorns, and grass now grow around piles of rubble on the village site. Thick weeds grow in the wadi and near the springs. The lands in the area are cultivated by Israeli farmers."[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 160
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvii village #111. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  3. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 157, also cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 45
  4. ^ Burckhardt, 1822, p.342.
  5. ^ Also cited in Khalidi 1992, p. 46 (wrongly cited to p. 842)
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p.83. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.46
  7. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 78
  8. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p.46

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]