Dansville, Livingston County, New York
|• Total||2.4 sq mi (6.1 km2)|
|• Land||2.4 sq mi (6.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||705 ft (215 m)|
|• Density||2,000/sq mi (770/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0948024|
Dansville is a village in the town of North Dansville, with a small northern part in the town of Sparta in the eastern part of Livingston County, New York, United States. As of the as of 2010[update] census, the village population was 4,719. The village is named after Daniel Faulkner, an early settler. Interstate 390 passes next to the west side of the village.
A spa, which opened in 1854, drew many prominent people for the water cure. Located in the "Castle on the Hill," the spa operated for many years under several owners.
The Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad opened its mainline between Binghamton and Buffalo, high above Dansville, on September 17, 1882. Famed "Dansville Hill" was an impediment to heavy eastbound trains for 81 years, until the mainline was abandoned by the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad between Groveland and Wayland in late 1963. A portion of the right-of-way is now used as an access road to a cellphone tower, with spectacular views looking westward down to Dansville and its surrounding area.
The Dansville Downtown Historic District, Dansville Library, Engleside, Elias H. Geiger House, William Hartman Farmstead, Pioneer Farm, and United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Clara Barton visited Dansville in 1866 to deliver a lecture and again in 1873, during which time she stayed at the Home On the Hillside to recuperate from the toil of nursing soldiers in the Franco-Prussian War. Between 1876 and 1886, she maintained a residence in Dansville. From here she ran the effort to form the American Red Cross, to achieve government recognition, and join the Geneva Convention, which would make it a part of the International Red Cross. Thus, the first American Red Cross chapter was established in the village in 1881 and is still located at 57 Elizabeth Street.
- Millard Fillmore, President of the United States, resided in the village for several months.
- Edward T. Fairchild, jurist
- Dennis Walter Hickey, Auxiliary Bishop of Rochester, New York
- James Caleb Jackson, created Granula, the world's first breakfast cereal
- Andrew J. Lorish, Union Army soldier and Medal of Honor winner, born here in 1832
- Nathaniel Rochester - founder of Rochester, New York
- Robert F. Hart - President of Dansville & Mount Morris Railroad; elected North Dansville Town Supervisor in 1955, longest serving Town Supervisor in Livingston County and in New York State.
- Sean Michael Smith - filmmaker, actor, and music producer
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2), all of it land.
The village of Dansville is located in a glacially formed valley, common throughout Western New York. The village is north of Stony Brook State Park, and south of Cumminsville.
As of the census of as of 2000[update], there were 4,832 people, 1,976 households, and 1,246 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,042.4 people per square mile (787.2/km²). There were 2,090 housing units at an average density of 883.4 per square mile (340.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.78% White, 1.26% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 1.30% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.07% of the population.
There were 1,912 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the village the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $32,903, and the median income for a family was $41,519. Males had a median income of $31,699 versus $25,256 for females. The per capita income for the village was $15,994. About 12.3% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.
Dansville Municipal Airport (DSV) is a general aviation airport located north of the village. The airport was opened in 1927, primarily by the efforts of World War I aviator Lynn Pickard. The New York State Festival of Balloons is held at the airport in early September.
A branch of Genesee Community College is located in Dansville.
Nicholas H. Noyes Memorial Hospital, a 72 bed acute care hospital, is located on the southern edge of the village on Rt. 36 adjacent to Exit #4 on NYS Interstate 390 and provides health services to residents of Livingston, Allegany, Steuben and surrounding counties.
Castle on the Hill – a former water cure facility that resembles a castle overlooking Dansville from the hillside. Founded in 1858 by Dr. James Caleb Jackson as the "Our Home on the Hillside", the original building burned in 1882. The present building opened in 1883. It has changed hands several times, becoming a physical fitness hotel (the Physical Culture Hotel) where the rich and famous came from New York City and other areas to "get away from it all". The building now stands vacant.
A grant from NYS for $2.5 million was approved in Jan. 2008 to renovate the former "Jackson Health Resort."
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2009)|
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Dansville". Encyclopædia Britannica 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Cayleff, Susan E (1991). Wash and Be Healed: The Water-Cure Movement and Women's Health. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. p. 94. ISBN 0-87722-859-0.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Marks, Mary Jo. "Clara Barton in Dansville, 1866 and 1876-1886". Dansville Historical Society. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
- "The Blue Book of Wisconsin (1907)," pg. 1126-1127
- Cayleff, Susan E. (1991), p.114
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Dansville.|
- Village of Dansville webpage
- Dansville information
- Antiquity Echoes History, present day photos, and video of the Jackson Sanatorium (AKA The Castle on the Hill)
- Balloon Festival
- Physical Culture Hotel Brochure