Danube Bridge

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Giurgiu–Ruse Bridge
Danube Bridge border crossing.JPG
Carries Two lanes of road and railway traffic, pedestrians
Crosses Danube
Designer V. Andreev
N. Rudomazin
Georgi Ovcharov (decoration)
Design Truss bridge
Total length 2,223 m (7,293 ft)
Clearance below 30 m (98 ft)
Construction begin 1952
Opened 20 June 1954
Coordinates 43°53′22″N 26°0′19″E / 43.88944°N 26.00528°E / 43.88944; 26.00528

The Danube Bridge (formerly known as the Friendship Bridge;[1][2] Bulgarian: Мост на дружбата, Most na druzhbata or, more commonly, Дунав Mост, Dunav most; Romanian: Podul Prieteniei or Podul de la Giurgiu) is a steel truss bridge over the Danube River connecting the Bulgarian bank to the south with the Romanian bank to the north and the cities of Ruse and Giurgiu respectively. It is one of only two bridges connecting Romania and Bulgaria, the other one being the New Europe Bridge between the cities of Vidin and Calafat.

History[edit]

The projected bridge on a 1948 stamp

Opened on 20 June 1954[3] and designed by Soviet engineers V. Andreev and N. Rudomazin,[4] the bridge is 2,223.52 m (7,295.0 ft) long and was, at the time, the only bridge over the Danube shared by Bulgaria and Romania, with other traffic being served by ferries and land routes. Decorations were designed by Bulgarian architect Georgi Ovcharov. The bridge has two decks; a two lane motorway and a railway. Sidewalks for pedestrians are also included. The central part of the bridge (85 m) is mobile and can be lifted for oversized boats passage. The maintenance of the mobile part is Romania's responsibility and is periodically checked. The bridge was constructed in two and a half years with the aid of the Soviet Union.

The Soviets named it the "Friendship Bridge", but, since the fall of the communist regimes in both countries, the bridge got the more functional name of "Danube Bridge".[1][2]

Border control stations are present on the bridge, due to its serving as a border crossing between the two countries. Since January 2007 there is no more customs control and the passport/identity card control is done "on one desk" either by the Bulgarian or the Romanian border police, being an "internal border" within the European Union. Border control will be completely removed when Bulgaria and Romania join the Schengen Agreement.

On 3 September 2011 the Bulgarian part of the bridge was opened, after two months of rehabilitation.

There are a pair of rectangular towers supported by pillars on both ends.

A panorama of the Danube Bridge as seen from Ruse

Tolls[edit]

The following tolls apply for crossing the Danube Bridge from the Romanian side:[5]

Vehicle Euro
Up to 8+1 seats; Up to 3.5 t 6 euro
Trucks up to 7.5 t; Vehicles between 9 and 23 seats 12 euro
Trucks up to 12 t 18 euro
Trucks over 12 t with up to 3 axles; Vehicles with over 23 seats 25 euro
Trucks over 12 t with 4 or more axles 37 euro

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bousfield, Jonathan; Richardson, Dan (2002). Rough guide to Bulgaria (4 ed.). Rough Guides. p. 203. ISBN 1-85828-882-7. 
  2. ^ a b Watkins, Richard; Deliso, Christopher (2008). Bulgaria (3 ed.). Lonely Planet Publications. p. 271. ISBN 978-1-74104-474-4. 
  3. ^ The history of "The Danube" bridge (Romanian)
  4. ^ "Лужнецкий мост, г. Москва". sprintinfo.ru. sprintinfo.ru. 2009. Retrieved 2013-03-01. 
  5. ^ [[1]]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°53′25.91″N 26°0′15.45″E / 43.8905306°N 26.0042917°E / 43.8905306; 26.0042917