Danylo Apostol

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Danylo Pavlovych Apostol
Apostol Danylo 3.png
Hetman of Zaporizhian Host
In office
1727–1734
Monarch Peter II
Anna
Preceded by office restored (Collegium of Little Russia)
Succeeded by office liquidated (Governing Council of the Hetman Office)
Personal details
Born (1654-12-14)December 14, 1654
Sorochyntsi, Myrhorod Regiment, Cossack Hetmanate
Died January 29, 1734(1734-01-29) (aged 79)
Sorochyntsi, Myrhorod Regiment, Cossack Hetmanate
Resting place Church of Lord's Transfiguration, Velyki Sorochyntsi, Myrhorod Raion
Nationality Vlach, Russian Empire
Children Pavlo, Petro, Marta, Hanna (Sr), Paraska, Tetiana, Maria, Hanna (Jr)
Religion Christian Orthodox
Military service
Allegiance Russian Empire
Service/branch Cossack Army
Years of service 1682-1734
Rank Acting Hetman
Battles/wars Azov campaigns (1695–96)
Great Northern War
Pruth River Campaign
Awards Order of St. Alexander Nevsky

Danylo Apostol (Ukrainian: Данило Апостол; Romanian: Dănilă Apostol) (1654–1734), was a Hetman of the Left-bank Ukraine and Ukrainian Cossack starshyna.

Brief biography[edit]

Hetman Danylo Apostol
Danylo Apostol's coat of arms

Born in a noble Cossack family of Moldavian boyar origin, Danylo Apostol was a prominent military leader, polkovnyk (colonel) of the Myrhorod Regiment, and a participant in the Russian campaigns against the Ottoman Empire and Crimean Khanate. He fought in the Great Northern War between 1701 and 1705 against the Swedes in Livonia and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, but in 1708 briefly joined Hetman Ivan Mazepa who sided with Charles XII of Sweden against Peter I of Russia. Later, Danylo Apostol again switched sides and fought on the Russian side, distinguishing himself in the Battle of Poltava. In 1722, he led Cossack units during the Russo-Persian War that led to the expansion of Russian power in the Caspian region. Danylo Apostol lost his eye during the capture of Persian Derbent fortress, this will give him a nickname "blind Hetman".

In the 1723-1725 Cossack starshyna, Danylo Apostol was accused of being involved in the alleged mutiny plot of Hetman Pavlo Polubotok and was suspected in treason by Catherine I. In 1727, Apostol was elected to be Hetman of the left-bank Ukraine. During his rule Little Russia and Cossack nobility increased their wealth and estates at the same time as it was further incorporated into the Russian Empire. Danylo Apostol died in 1734, and the new Hetman was not elected until 1750.

Apostol's grandson Joachim A. Gorlenko (1705–1754), the son of his daughter Maria, entered the priesthood of the Russian Orthodox Church and became Ioasaph of Belgorod, who was glorified as a saint in 1911.

External links[edit]