Danzig gulden

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For an earlier currency issued in Danzig, see Danzig Thaler.

Danzig gulden
20 gdanskich guldenow skan.jpeg DAZ002.JPG
20 gulden (1937) 10 pfennig coin
Central bank Bank of Danzig
User(s) Free City of Danzig
Subunit
 1/100 Pfennig
Plural  
 Pfennig Pfennige
Coins 1, 2, 5, 10 Pfennig ½, 1, 2, 5, 10, 25 Gulden
Banknotes 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500, 1000 Gulden
This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.

The Gulden was the currency of Free City of Danzig (German: Freie Stadt Danzig; Polish: Wolne Miasto Gdańsk) between 1923 and 1939. It was divided into 100 Pfennige.

History[edit]

Until 1923, Danzig used the German papiermark and issued several local 'emergency notes'. The Gulden was introduced at a value of 25 Gulden = 1 pound sterling.

Incorporation into Nazi Germany[edit]

Danzig was annexed by Nazi Germany on 1 September 1939, the day the invasion of Poland had begun[1] On the same day Reichsmark coins and notes were declared legal tender alongside the Danziger gulden, with 1 gulden being equal to 0,70 Reichsmark.[2] This was a favourable exchange rate for inhabitants of Danzig, since the actual exchange rate was around 0,47 Reichsmark per gulden .[3] To prevent abuse on 7 September the import of gulden coins and notes into the territory of the former free city was prohibited.[4] Bank assets were however converted at the market rate of 0,47 reichsmark per gulden.[5]

Effective 7 September 1939 coins of 1 and 2 pfennig became legal tender throughout Nazi Germany as 1 and 2 reichspfennig and would remain in circulation until November 1940. On 30 September the reichsmark became the sole currency on the territory of the former free city. Notes and coins of 5 and 10 gulden were withdrawn that day and could be exchanged for reichsmarks until 15 October. Coins of 5 and 10 pfennig and ½ and 1 gulden remained in circulation until 25 June 1940 and were redeemed until 25 July.

Coins[edit]

A first series of coins was issued in 1923, followed by a second in 1932. Coins were issued in denominations of 1, 2, 5 and 10 Pfennige and ½, 1, 2, 5, 10 and 25 Gulden.

First series (1923)[6]
Image Value Technical parameters Description Date of
Diameter Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse quantity minted minting issue withdrawal lapse
1fenig gdansk.jpg 1 pfennig 17 mm 1,67g
95% Cu,
4% Sn,
1% Zn
Plain
Value,
country name “Danzig”
Year,
Danzig coat of arms
11.500.000
1923~1937 18 December 1923[7] 1 November 1940[8] 30 November 1940[9]
2fenigi gdansk.jpg 2 pfennige 19,5 mm 2,5g
3.250.000
1923~1937
5fenigow gdansk.jpg 5 pfennige 17,5 mm 2g
75% Cu,
25% Ni
Plain
Value,
country name “Danzig”
Year,
Danzig coat of arms
4.000.000
1923,1928 18 December 1923[10] 1 October 1932[11] ?
10fenigow gdanskjpg.jpg 10 pfennige 21,5 mm 4g
Value,
country name “Freie Stadt Danzig”
5.000.000
1923
Pol guldena gdansk.jpg 1/2 gulden 19,5 mm 2,5g
75% Ag,
25% Cu
?
Value,
country name “Freie Stadt Danzig”,
coat of arms
cog
1.400.000
1923,1927 1 April 1932[12]
DNZ 1 Gul 1923.jpg 1 gulden 23.5 mm 5g
Value,
country name “Freie Stadt Danzig”,
cog
Coat of arms held by two lions
3.500.500
1923
2guldeny gdansk.jpg 2 gulden 26.5 mm 10g
1.250.000
5guldenow gdansk.jpg 5 gulden 35 mm 25g
Value,
country name “Freie Stadt Danzig”,
St. Mary's Church
860.500
1923,1927
These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre. For table standards, see the coin specification table.

Banknotes[edit]

Banknotes were issued in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25 and 50 Pfennige and 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500 and 1,000 Gulden.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Deutsches Reichsgezettsblatt, 1939 Teil I. Page 1547. Available at: http://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/alex?aid=dra&datum=19390004&seite=00001547
  2. ^ Deutsches Reichsgezettsblatt, 1939 Teil I. Page 1567. Available at: http://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/alex?aid=dra&datum=19390004&seite=00001567
  3. ^ Tageszeitung Rostocker Anzeiger of 19 July 1938. Amtliche Berliner Devisen-Notierungen. Available at: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amtliche_Berliner_Devisen-Notierungen_1938.jpg
  4. ^ Deutsches Reichsgezettsblatt, 1939 Teil I. Page 1691. Available at: http://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/alex?aid=dra&datum=19390004&seite=00001691.
  5. ^ http://www.ostsee-urlaub-polen.de/gdansk/geschichte-geld.htm
  6. ^ Schön G. and Schön G.: Welt Münzkatalog, 20. & 21. Jahrhundert, 1900-2010, München 2010, Battenberg Verlag. ISBN 978-3-86646-036-2
  7. ^ Kamiński Cz.: Ilustrowany katalog monet polskich 1916-1991, Warsaw 1992, KAW. ISBN 83-03-00041-1
  8. ^ Deutsches Reichsgezettsblatt, 1940 Teil I. Page 1331. Available at: http://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/alex?aid=dra&datum=19400004&seite=00001331
  9. ^ Deutsches Reichsgezettsblatt, 1940 Teil I. Page 1331. Available at: http://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/alex?aid=dra&datum=19400004&seite=00001331
  10. ^ Kamiński Cz.: Ilustrowany katalog monet polskich 1916-1991, Warsaw 1992, KAW. ISBN 83-03-00041-1
  11. ^ Kamiński Cz.: Ilustrowany katalog monet polskich 1916-1991, Warsaw 1992, KAW. ISBN 83-03-00041-1
  12. ^ Kamiński Cz.: Ilustrowany katalog monet polskich 1916-1991, Warsaw 1992, KAW. ISBN 83-03-00041-1