Dara Torres

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Dara Torres
Dara Torres 2crop.jpg
Torres waves to crowd after winning silver medal in 50-meter freestyle at 2008 Summer Olympics.
Personal information
Full name Dara Grace Torres
Nickname(s) "DT"
Nationality  United States
Born (1967-04-15) April 15, 1967 (age 47)
Beverly Hills, California
Height 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)
Weight 150 lb (68 kg)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Stroke(s) Butterfly, freestyle
Club Culver City Swim Club
College team University of Florida

Dara Grace Torres (born April 15, 1967) is an American former competition swimmer who is a twelve-time Olympic medalist and former world record-holder in three events. Torres is the first and only swimmer to represent the United States in five Olympic Games (1984, 1988, 1992, 2000 and 2008), and, at age 41, was the oldest swimmer ever to earn a place on the U.S. Olympic team. At the 2008 Summer Olympics, she competed in the 50-meter freestyle, 4×100-meter medley relay, and 4×100-meter freestyle relay, and won silver medals in all three events.

Torres has won twelve Olympic medals (four gold, four silver, four bronze), one of three women with the most Olympic women's swimming medals. She won five medals at the 2000 Summer Olympics when, at age 33, she was the oldest member of the 2000 U.S. Olympic Swim Team. She has also won at least one medal in each of the five Olympics in which she has competed, making her one of only a handful of Olympians to earn medals in five different Games.

Early years[edit]

Torres was born in Los Angeles, California, the daughter of Edward Torres and Marylu Kauder.[1] Her father was a real estate developer and casino owner; her mother Marylu was a former model.[1][2] Torres grew up in Beverly Hills, California, the fifth of six children and the older of two girls.[2] As a 7-year-old, she followed in the footsteps of her older brothers by joining their community Y.M.C.A. for swimming practice; afterward, she signed up for the swimming club in Culver City to train.[2] At 14, she won the national open championship in the 50-yard freestyle by defeating the then-current champion, Jill Sterkel, a college junior.[3]

She attended the Westlake School for Girls (now Harvard-Westlake School),[1] and competed for the Westlake swim team under coach Darlene Bible from the seventh grade through her sophomore year in high school.[4] She was also a member of the Westlake basketball, gymnastics and volleyball teams.[4] During her 1983–84 high school junior year, she left home to swim for the Mission Viejo Nadadores in Mission Viejo, California, while training for her first Olympics under coach Mark Schubert.[3] After the 1984 Olympics, Torres returned to the Westlake School to graduate in 1985.[4]

College career[edit]

Torres accepted an athletic scholarship to attend the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida, where she swam for the Florida Gators swimming and diving team in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) competition under coach Randy Reese from 1986 to 1989.[5] In her four years as a Gator swimmer, Torres won nine Southeastern Conference (SEC) individual championships, including the 50-meter freestyle (1987, 1988, 1989), 100-meter freestyle (1987, 1988, 1989), 200-meter freestyle (1987), and 100-meter butterfly (1988, 1989); she was also a member of twelve of the Gators' SEC championship relay teams.[5] Torres won three NCAA individual national championships (50-meter freestyle, 100-meter freestyle, 100-meter butterfly) in 1988; and was a member of six of the Gators' NCAA championship relay teams, including the 400-meter freestyle relay in 1986; the 200-meter medley relay, 400-meter medley relay and 400-meter freestyle relay in 1988; and the 200-meter medley relay and 400-meter medley relay in 1989.[5] She was named the SEC Athlete of the Year in 1988, SEC Female Swimmer of the Year in 1987 and 1989, and earned twenty-eight All-American swimming honors—the maximum number possible during a college career.[5][2] Torres also lettered in volleyball at Florida, playing the sport in her fifth year after having exhausted her eligibility in swimming.[6]

Torres graduated from the university with a bachelor's degree in telecommunications in 1990, and was inducted into the University of Florida Athletic Hall of Fame as a "Gator Great" in 1999.[7][8] In November 2013, she was named as a recipient of the 2014 NCAA Silver Anniversary Award, presented annually to six distinguished former student-athletes on the 25th anniversary of their final school year of athletic eligibility.[6]

International swimming career[edit]

1984, 1988 and 1992 Olympics[edit]

At the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, Torres was a member of the winning U.S. women's 4×100-meter freestyle relay team, earning a gold medal for swimming in the first-round qualifying heat and the event final.[9] Her winning teammates in the final event included Nancy Hogshead, Jenna Johnson and Carrie Steinseifer; Jill Sterkel and Mary Wayte also swam in the event's second-round qualifying heat.[10]

For the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea, Torres qualified for the U.S. Olympic women's team in one individual event and two relay events. Torres earned a bronze medal for swimming for the third-place U.S. women's team in the 4×100-meter freestyle relay final, together with teammates Mitzi Kremer, Laura Walker and Mary Wayte.[9][11] She also won a silver medal for swimming the freestyle leg of the 4×100-meter medley relay in the third heat of the qualifying round for the second-place U.S. team.[9] Individually, Torres also placed seventh in the final of the 100-meter freestyle event.[9]

Torres qualified for the U.S. Olympic women's team in a single event for the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. She swam the second leg of the 4×100-meter freestyle relay for the winning U.S. team that included Nicole Haislett, Angel Martino and Jenny Thompson, and earned a gold medal for her efforts in the event final and first-round qualifying heat.[9][12]

First comeback: 2000 Olympics[edit]

After seven years out of competitive swimming, Torres began to train for an Olympic comeback in 1999 under the guidance of coach Richard Quick.[13] She won five medals at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, but saved her best for two of the major relay events of the U.S. Olympic women's team.[9][14] She swam the second leg for the winning U.S. women's team in final of the 4×100-meter freestyle relay that included Amy Van Dyken, Courtney Shealy and Jenny Thompson.[14] Torres won a second gold medal for anchoring the winning U.S. team in the 4×100-meter medley relay, together with teammates B.J. Bedford, Megan Quann and Jenny Thompson in the final.[14] Individually, Torres also earned bronze medals in each of the 50-meter freestyle, the 100-meter butterfly and the 100-meter freestyle[14] – tying teammate and rival Jenny Thompson for third place in the last event.[15][16] At 33 years old, Torres became the oldest woman to win an Olympic medal in swimming.[17] She was the oldest member of the U.S. Olympic swim team, but won more medals (5) than any other U.S. team member.[18][19]

Second comeback: 2008 Olympics[edit]

Torres at the Missouri Grand Prix in 2008

On August 1, 2007, at age 40 and just 16 months after giving birth to her first child, Torres won the 100-meter freestyle at the U.S. Nationals in Indianapolis.[20] On August 4, she set a new American record in the 50-meter freestyle of 24.53 seconds, breaking her own record of 24.63 seconds set at the 2000 Summer Olympics.[21] She lowered her initial American record by 1.62 seconds. Torres has broken or lowered her own American record in the 50-meter freestyle ten times, which is the most by any American swimmer in any event.[22]

At the 2008 U.S. Olympic Trials, Torres returned to the pool and qualified for a spot in her fifth Olympic Games at the age of 41, unprecedented for an American female swimmer.[23] She became the oldest U.S. Olympic swimmer in history and the first American swimmer to appear in five Olympic Games.[13]

At the trials, she qualified for the event finals in the 50-meter freestyle and broke the American record with a time of 24.38 seconds in the semifinal.[24] In the 50-meter finals, she broke that record for the ninth time, setting it at 24.25 seconds and winning the top American women's spot in the event.[25] Torres also qualified in the 100-meter freestyle,[26] but later withdrew from the individual 100-meter freestyle event to focus her efforts on the 50-meter freestyle and 4x100-meter relay events.[27] On July 30, at the U.S. swim team's final training in Singapore, Torres, Amanda Beard and Natalie Coughlin were elected captains of the U.S. Olympic women's swimming team.[28]

In order to pre-empt any speculation that she might be taking performance-enhancing drugs, Torres volunteered for a new enhanced drug-testing program by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA).[29] "I want to be an open book," she said. "I want people to know that I'm 41, and I'm doing this right. I'm clean."[30] In addition to employing her training team of coach Michael Lohberg, a sprint coach, a chiropractor and two masseuses, Torres used resistance stretching trainers, calling it her "secret weapon" for continued success.[13][31] Her $100,000-per-year training costs were partially subsidized by her corporate sponsors Speedo, Toyota and Bloomberg L.P.[13]

At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, Torres won a silver medal as the anchor swimmer of the second-place U.S. team in the 4×100-meter freestyle relay.[9] It was the fifth time in five tries she earned an Olympic medal in the 4x100-meter freestyle relay.[9] With the American relay team's second-place finish, she became the oldest swimmer to win a medal in Olympic history, surpassing British swimmer William Robinson, who was 38 at the time of the 1908 Summer Olympics.[33]

On August 17, 2008, she won the silver medal in the 50-meter freestyle, finishing in a new American record time of 24.07 seconds, one one-hundredth (0.01) of a second behind the winner, Britta Steffen.[34] Her second-place time was a new American record, and 0.18 of a second than she swam at the U.S. Olympic Trials.[34] Thirty-five minutes later, she won another silver medal swimming the freestyle anchor leg for the second-place U.S. team in the 4×100-meter medley relay.[35] Her split on the 4×100 medley relay (52.27 seconds) was the fastest 100-meter freestyle split in relay history.[35] The American record for the women's 100-meter freestyle as an individual event was 53.39 seconds as of August 2008, making Torres' time more than a full second faster.[35]

Torres' twelve Olympic medals tied the all-time medal record for a female Olympic swimmer set by fellow American Jenny Thompson in 2004; American Natalie Coughlin subsequently equaled the record in 2012.[36]

Aftermath and retirement[edit]

At the U.S. National Championships in 2009, Torres won the 50-meter freestyle with the fourth-best time in the world for the year (24.42), and she also placed in the 50-meter butterfly, qualifying her to compete in those events at the 2009 World Championships.[37] This was the first time since 1986 that Torres competed in the World Championships; she placed eighth in the 50-meter freestyle and she did not advance beyond the qualifying heats in the 50-meter butterfly.

Following reconstructive surgery of one of her knees, she began training with the goal of competing in the 2012 Summer Olympics.[38] At the 2012 United States Olympic Trials, she placed fourth in the finals of the 50-meter freestyle, 0.32 of a second behind the winner, Jessica Hardy, and 0.09 of a second behind the second qualifier, Kara Lynn Joyce.[39][40] Only the top two finishers in each trials event qualified for the 2012 U.S. Olympic Team, and as a result, Torres concluded her Olympic career.[39] After the 2012 Trials, Torres announced her retirement from competitive swimming, concluding her career with 12 Olympic medals.[40] Her Olympic career spanned twenty-four years from 1984 to 2008 and five Olympic Games (1984, 1988, 1992, 2000, 2008).[9]

Life outside swimming[edit]

Torres in the 2010 Heart Truth fashion show

Torres has worked in television as a reporter and announcer for American networks NBC, ESPN, TNT, OLN and Fox News Channel, and hosted the golf show The Clubhouse on the Resort Sports Network.[41] She has also worked as a model, and was the first elite swimmer to model swimwear in the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, appearing in the 1994 edition.[31] She was elected to the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame in 2005.[42]

After 1992, she married and subsequently divorced sports producer Jeff Gowen.[2] After 2000, she married Israeli-born surgeon Itzhak Shasha, after converting to Judaism before the marriage (her father had been Jewish).[2] Torres and Shasha later divorced.[2] Torres and reproductive endocrinologist David Hoffman began dating after her break-up with Shasha, and they became the parents of Tessa Grace Torres-Hoffman, born in 2006.[13] After the birth of their daughter, Hoffman, a masters swimmer, persuaded her to begin training again.[27]

Torres is a veteran celebrity swimmer for Swim Across America, a charitable organization that raises funds for cancer research in which she has participated for several years.[43] She is the author of two books: Age is Just a Number: Achieve Your Dreams at Any Stage in Your Life (with Elizabeth Weil), and Gold Medal Fitness: A Revolutionary 5-Week Program (with Billie Fitzpatrick).[44]

World records[edit]

Women's 50-meter freestyle

Time Date Event Location
25.69 January 29, 1983 Speedo International swim meet Amersfoort, Netherlands[3]
25.62 August 5, 1983 U.S. national championships Clovis, California[3]
25.61 July 21, 1984 Pre-Olympic swim meet Mission Viejo, California[45]

Women's 4x100-meter freestyle relay

Time Date Event Location
3:39.46 July 28, 1992 1992 Summer Olympics Barcelona, Spain
3:36.61 September 16, 2000 2000 Summer Olympics Sydney, Australia

Women's 4x100-meter medley relay

Time Date Event Location
3:58.30 September 23, 2000 2000 Summer Olympics Sydney, Australia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mike Downey, "She's propelled by dad's memory, Los Angeles Times (August 16, 2008). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Elizabeth Weil, "A Swimmer of a Certain Age," The New York Times magazine (June 29, 2008). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d Dan Levin, "She's Set Her Sights On L.A.," Sports Illustrated (June 16, 1984). Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Ally White, "Five-time Olympic swimmer Torres '85 to speak at assembly," The Harvard-Westlake Chronicle (March 15, 2013). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d Florida Swimming & Diving 2013–14 Media Supplement, University Athletic Association, Gainesville, Florida, pp. 82, 83, 86, 97, 91, 92, 93, 97, 100 (2013). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  6. ^ a b "NCAA names 2014 Silver Anniversary Award winners," NCAA.com (November 14, 2013). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  7. ^ F Club, Hall of Fame, Gator Greats. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  8. ^ Dwight Collins, "UF inductees bask in glory," Ocala Star-Banner, p. 7D (September 11, 1999). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, Athletes, Dara Torres. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  10. ^ Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, United States Swimming at the 1984 Los Angeles Summer Games. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  11. ^ Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, United States Swimming at the 1988 Seoul Summer Games. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  12. ^ Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, United States Swimming at the 1992 Barcelona Summer Games. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  13. ^ a b c d e Scott M. Reid, "Dara Torres battles doping rumors, says she's up for the challenge," The Orange County Register (July 20, 2008). Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  14. ^ a b c d Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, United States Swimming at the 2000 Sydney Summer Games. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
  15. ^ Associated Press, "Once again, it's Thompson vs. Torres," ESPN.com (September 25, 2000). Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  16. ^ Frank Fitzpatrick, "Rivals Share A Medal Platform, Dara Torres And Jenny Thompson Tied For Third. For The Day, U.S. Swimmers Harvested 8 More Medals," The Philadelphia Inquirer (September 22, 2000). Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  17. ^ Jill Lieber Steeg, "Torres has new reason to seek gold," USA Today (August 18, 2006). Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  18. ^ Paul Newberry, "Unique atmosphere make the pool the place to be," Santa Cruz Sentinel (September 15, 2000). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  19. ^ Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, United States at the 2000 Sydney Summer Games. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  20. ^ Sharon Robb, "Torres, 40, captures title in 100 freestyle," Sun-Sentinel (August 2, 2007). Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  21. ^ John Lohn and Dana Lawrence Lohn, "USA Swimming Nationals: Flash! She’s For Real! Dara Torres Breaks Own American Record Seven Years Later in Women's 50 Free," Swimming World Magazine (August 4, 2007). Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  22. ^ USASwimming, Women's Records. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
  23. ^ Megan K. Scott, "Torres inspires older women to get in the pool," The Index-Journal (August 18, 2008). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  24. ^ Sharyn Alfonsi, "Dara Torres Clinches Her Fifth U.S. Olympic Spot," ABC News (July 7, 2008). Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  25. ^ Mercury News Wires Services, "Torres, 41, dashes to U.S. record," San Jose Mercury News (July 7, 2008). Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  26. ^ Karen Crouse, "At Age 41, Torres Qualifies for Fifth Games," The New York Times (July 5, 2008). Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  27. ^ a b Sharon Robb, "Parkland Olympian Torres making a big splash," South Florida Sun-Sentinel (July 8, 2008). Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  28. ^ "U.S. swim teams name captains for Beijing," Los Angeles Times (July 30, 2008). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  29. ^ Alice Park, "100 Olympic Athletes To Watch: What's Driving Dara Torres," Time (July 24, 2008). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  30. ^ Kelli Anderson, "The Mother of All Comebacks," Sports Illustrated (July 14, 2008). Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  31. ^ a b Karen Crouse, "Torres Is Getting Older, but Swimming Faster," The New York Times (November 18, 2007). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  32. ^ Kelli Anderson, "My Sportsman: Dara Torres," Sports Illustrated (November 25, 2008). Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  33. ^ Emily Brandon, "Dara Torres: The Oldest Olympic Swimming Medalist in History," U.S. News & World Report (August 13, 2008). Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  34. ^ a b Christopher Carey, "Torres Edged Out by Hundredth of a Second," The New York Times (August 16, 2008). Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  35. ^ a b c Kelli Anderson, "One for The Aged," Sports Illustrated (August 25, 2008). Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  36. ^ Associated Press, "Left off finals team, Coughlin still earns 12th medal," San Francisco Chronicle (July 29, 2012). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  37. ^ "USA Swimming National Championships: Dara Torres Races to 50 Free Win," Swimming World Magazine (July 9, 2009). Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  38. ^ Melissa Rohlin, "43-year-old Dara Torres is training for 2012 Olympics," Los Angeles Times (September 10, 2010). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  39. ^ a b Amy Shipley, "London 2012: Dara Torres, 45, narrowly misses spot in sixth Olympics at U.S. swimming trials," The Washington Post (July 2, 2012). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  40. ^ a b Associated Press, "Dara Torres misses out on Olympics," ESPN.com (July 3, 2012). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  41. ^ Eli Saslow, "At 40, Torres Is Back In the Fast Lane," The Washington Post (August 2, 2007). Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  42. ^ International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame, Elected Members, Dara Torres. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  43. ^ Swim Across America, Olympians, Dara Torres. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  44. ^ Ashley Baylen, "Interviews with 'Top Jews In Sports'- Dara Torres," ShalomLife.com (September 10, 2011). Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  45. ^ International Swimming Hall of Fame, Current Exhibits, World Record Progression: Women - 50m Freestyle. Retrieved November 28, 2014.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Torres, Dara, & Elizabeth Weil, Age is Just a Number: Achieve Your Dreams at Any Stage in Your Life, Broadway Books, New York, New York (2009). ISBN 978-0-7679-3190-8.
  • Torres, Dara, & Billie Fitzpatrick, Gold Medal Fitness: A Revolutionary 5-Week Program, Broadway Books, New York, New York (2010). ISBN 978-0-7679-3194-6.

External links[edit]


Records
Preceded by

Jill Sterkel
Annemarie Verstappen
Women's 50-meter freestyle
world record-holder (long course)

January 29, 1983 – July 9, 1983
August 5, 1983 – July 16, 1986
Succeeded by

Annemarie Verstappen
Tamara Costache