Darayya massacre

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Darayya massacre
Part of the Syrian civil war
Location Darayya, Rif Dimashq, Syria
Coordinates 33°27′N 36°15′E / 33.450°N 36.250°E / 33.450; 36.250Coordinates: 33°27′N 36°15′E / 33.450°N 36.250°E / 33.450; 36.250
Date 20–25 August 2012
Deaths 400[1]–500[2]
Assailants

The Darayya massacre (Arabic: مجزرة داريا‎) was a reported massacre that happenened between 20 and 25 August 2012 in the town of Darayya in the Rif Dimashq province of Syria, during the Syrian civil war.

Background[edit]

From the start of the conflict, the city of Darayya outside Damascus had been a hotspot for protesters against the government. When hundreds were arrested, locals took up arms. Two months before the massacre, the police and state intelligence had withdrew from the town.

Soon after, 3,000 FSA fighters made Darayya their stronghold. They held a strategic position, situated on the edge of the military airport at Mezze, which was being used for air-strikes against rebel-held areas. Rebels and local residents reported opposition forces conducted mortar and rocket strikes against the base from Darayya. Also, a few days before the government attack, the rebels claimed to have killed 30 soldiers when they attacked a military checkpoint outside the town.[5]

According to local residents' account, the attack on the town started after talks for a prisoner swap between the rebels and the military had failed.[4] On 20 August 2012, Darayya was shelled. After that, hundreds of soldiers, backed by helicopters and armored vehicles entered Darayya, facing little resistance. The last rebel group withdrew in the face of the military advance and opposition activists were fearing that young men suspected of being rebels could be executed.[6][7]

Events[edit]

On 25 August, the bodies of 200 people were reportedly discovered in the town. Most of the dead appeared to be the result of executions. SOHR reported that the death toll had thus reached 270 killed during the four-day attack on Daraya,[8] including women, children and rebels.[9] 40–50 of the day's corpses had been discovered near a mosque.[10] 80 of the dead had been identified as civilians, while 120 remained unidentified.[11] An activist inside the town said he had seen a young 8-year old girl shot dead by army sniper fire.[12][13] Residents said that government troops and Shabiha militiamen raided some streets "two or three times". In several instances, they demanded hospitality when entering people's homes and then killing their hosts after leaving.[1]

Opposition groups said that after the FSA fighters left the city, soldiers accompanied by shabiha militia members stormed in, raiding homes and arresting many, taking prisoners to the basements of empty buildings where they were shot execution-style, according to opposition accounts. Dozens were killed in Moadamyeh al-Sham, another Damascus suburb, the opposition said. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights group said that 320 people were killed.[14] The offensive against the town reportedly started with the military first surrounding Daraya, thus preventing civilians from escaping, then followed by several days of shelling and ending with house-to-house searches which resulted in executions. A video of what activists described as the fifth and latest mass grave to be filled showed two small children near the edge. One resident said, “The Assad forces killed them in cold blood...I saw dozens of dead people, killed by the knives at the end of Kalashnikovs, or by gunfire. The regime finished off whole families, a father, mother and their children. They just killed them without any pretext.”[15]

On 29 August, journalist Robert Fisk, of "The Independent", entered the town and spoke with local residents, some out of earshot of Syrian officials. The residents gave accounts that differed from what was being reported in the media. Some stated that it was the FSA fighters that committed at least some of the killings, the dead being off-duty soldiers or pro-government civilians. They also stated that their homes had been overtaken by rebels and in some cases demolished. Others said they were not sure who was responsible for the killings.[4]

Aftermath[edit]

After the killings on 25 August, rebel forces withdrew to the towns outskirts and remaining residents were able to search the town, pro-government TV aired footage of dead people, including women and children claiming "terrorists" as behind the killings.[16] A women local resident said that "the armed groups (terrorist) were 4 days in the city and it was really tough, so they ran away from their house; and they knew that everything is secure now (wen the Sirian Army arrives)." A local resident said that they (armed groups) took assad soldiers to a room and he heard shootings. Then they were forced to go back to the shelter were they found the army members dead in a room." Another resident said: "We didn't know what they (armed groups) want. They just said go to your houses. Some of those who went out were killed. If they didn't knew a person they shooted at him and killed him."

An opposition activist said that the army returned to some Dariya neighborhoods on 27 August and raided them, leading to the deaths of additional residents.[14] A shopkeeper in the city said that "We found more than 100 dead bodies in the Abu Suleiman Derane mosque and gathered around 200 from homes and the streets to bury them in a mass grave today because the town’s graveyard is already full, the regime killed whole families from Daraya to punish us," he added. A GlobalPost reporter described Daraya as a city of “ghosts and dead bodies.”[5]

Reactions[edit]

 United NationsSecretary-General Ban Ki-moon, stated the killings were "an appalling and brutal crime" and called for an immediate independent investigation.[17] Navi Pillay said that she was "deeply shocked by the reports of the massacre in Daraya" and urged "an immediate and thorough investigation into this incident" whilst criticising the Syrian government for its use of heavy weapons, indiscriminate shelling and its reported bulldozing of houses, cautioning that these actions "may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity".[18]

 Egypt – President Mohamed Morsi called on for the Syrian president's allies to help push him out, saying that "Now is the time to stop this bloodshed and for the Syrian people to regain their full rights, and for this regime that kills its people to disappear from the scene."[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mona Mahmood, Luke Harding and agencies in Damascus (28 August 2012). "Syria's worst massacre: Daraya death toll reaches 400". The Guardian (London). 
  2. ^ a b Janine di Giovanni (7 September 2012). "Syria crisis: Daraya massacre leaves a ghost town still counting its dead". The Guardian (London). 
  3. ^ http://www.nowlebanon.com/BlogDetails.aspx?TID=2619&FID=6
  4. ^ a b c Robert Fisk: Inside Daraya – how a failed prisoner swap turned into a massacre
  5. ^ a b "Inside Syria: For assault on Daraya, Assad regime brings own cameras". Globalpost.com. 26 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Oweis, Khaled Y. (24 August 2012). "Fierce fighting in Syria swells refugee exodus". Reuters. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Syrian army clashes with rebels in Damascus". Al Jazeera. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  8. ^ Oweis, Khaled Y. (25 August 2012). "Syria activists report "massacre" by army near Damascus". Reuters. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "Army raids town near Damascus after 109 killed, watchdog says". NOW Lebanon. 25 August 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  10. ^ "Dozens of bodies found in besieged Syria town, says watchdog". NOW Lebanon. 25 August 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "Syrian Observatory for Human Rights". Syrian Observatory for Human Rights. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  12. ^ "Syria accused of 'massacre' near Damascus – Middle East". Al Jazeera. 
  13. ^ "نشطاء: العثور على 122 جثة اخرى في ضاحية داريا بدمشق | أخبار الشرق الأوسط | Reuters". Reuters. 25 August 2012. 
  14. ^ a b Patrick J. McDonnell (27 August 2012). "Dozens more bodies found at Syria massacre site". Los Angeles Times. 
  15. ^ Employee, An; Cave, Damien (27 August 2012). "Crackdown Toll Seen as Syrians Bury Hundreds". The New York Times. 
  16. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1GNEihwHkf8&list=LLDDeIhnMu0imwOhLk4g_lZQ&index=44
  17. ^ Yacoub, Khaled (27 August 2012). "Warplane attacks on Damascus suburbs kill 60: activists". Reuters. 
  18. ^ "UN chief urges justice for Syria war criminals". Al Jazeera. 10 September 2012. 
  19. ^ "Air strikes near Damascus kill dozens". Al Jazeera.