Darbėnai

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Darbėnai
Town
Skyline of Darbėnai
Darbėnai is located in Lithuania
Darbėnai
Darbėnai
Coordinates: 56°01′20″N 21°15′30″E / 56.02222°N 21.25833°E / 56.02222; 21.25833
Country  Lithuania
County LTU Klaipėdos apskritis flag.svg Klaipėda County
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,598
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Darbėnai is a small town in Klaipėda County, in northwestern Lithuania. According to the 2001 census, the town has a population of 1598 people.[1] It is located 16 km north of Kretinga. Darbėnai is the capital of Darbėnai eldership.

History[edit]

Stone-made monument in Darbėnai Metrika
Independence Monument built in 1930

Darbėnai was first mentioned in 1591 but it is thought that the village was established in 1566 during the Wallach reform. In 1621 Jan Karol Chodkiewicz built the first wooden church in the town. In 1701 the duke of Courland granted the privilege of trade to the town which was confirmed by the king Augustus II the Strong. Since 1730 Darbėnai was started to call a town.

In the beginning of the 19th century the first parish school was established. In 1842 the current Catholic church named after Saint Apostles Peter and Paul was built. In 1855 the first public primary school was opened. Darbėnai was an important centre during the 1831 Uprising however the town burned during the battles. Since 1861 Darbėnai became the centre of volost.[2]

In 1897 there lived 2059 inhabitants. The post office was opened in 1906. In 1923 Darbėnai had 1018 inhabitants and in 1936 - 1921 inhabitants. In 1930 there was built the Independence Monument (it was destroyed in 1962 and rebuilt in 1989). During the years of Soviet occupation Darbėnai was the central settlement of kolkhoz.[3]

Nowadays Darbėnai is the capital of Darbėnai eldership. The old town of Darbėnai is an urbanistic monument. There operates post office, public library, kindergarten, gymnasium, hospital, pharmacy, home of culture, forester's administration etc.[4]

Origin of the name[edit]

Darbėnai was called after the river Darba which flows near the town.[5]

References[edit]