Dardanelles Fortified Area Command

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Dardanelles Fortified Area Command
Dardanelles defences 1915.png
The Dardanelles defenses in February/March 1915, showing minefields, anti-submarine nets and major gun batteries.
Active 1911-1949
Country Ottoman Empire
Turkey
Type Fortified Area Command
Garrison/HQ Çanakkale
Patron Sultans of the Ottoman Empire
Engagements Naval operations in the Dardanelles Campaign (World War I)
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Mirliva Fahri Pasha
Mirliva Cevat Pasha (November 29, 1914 - October 8, 1915[1])
Mirliva Nihat Pasha (October 1915 - November 1917[2])
Miralay Selâhattin Bey (November 27, 1917 - December 29, 1918[3])

The Dardanelles Fortified Area Command or Mediterranean Strait Fortified Area Command or Çanakkale Fortified Area Command (Turkish: Bahr-i Sefîd Boğazı Mevki(i) Müstahkem Komutanlığı or Akdeniz Boğazı Müstahkem Mevki(i) Komutanlığı or Çanakkale Boğazı Müstahkem Mevki(i) Komutanlığı or Çanakkale Müstahkem Mevki(i) Komutanlığı) was the Ottoman fortified area command that was formed to defend against attacks on the Dardanelles from the sea.

Formations[edit]

Order of Battle, 1911[edit]

With reorganizations of the Ottoman Army, to include the creation of corps level headquarters, by 1911 the fortified area command was headquartered in Çanakkale, under the command of II Corps. The Dardanelles Fortified Area Command in 1911 was structured as such:[4]

Dardanelles Fortified Area Command, Çanakkale

  • 3rd Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • 4th Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • 5th Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • Independent Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • Torpedo Detachment
  • Mine Detachment
  • Wireless Detachment

Order of Battle, December 1912[edit]

In December 1912, the area command was structured as follows:[5]

Dardanelles Fortified Area Command (Çanakkale, Commander: Mirliva Fahri Pasha)

  • 3rd Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • 4th Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • 5th Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • Independent Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • Torpedo Detachment
  • Underwater Mine Detachment
  • 27th Infantry Division (Eceabat)
  • Provisional Infantry Division (Bolayır)
  • Afyon Redif Division (Eceabat)
  • Çanakkale Redif Division (Cape Helles)
  • Erdemit Redif Division (Suvla Bey)
  • Kavak Detachment (Kavak)
  • Menderes Detachment (Kum Kale)

Order of Battle, 1915[edit]

The Dardanelles Fortified Area was first-class fortified area, the commander of this fortified area was given the corps' authority. It was headquartered in Çanakkale. The formation of the fortified area in 1915 was as follows:[6]

Dardanelles Fortified Area Command, Çanakkale

  • 2nd Heavy Artillery Brigade (İkinci Ağır Topçu Tugayı), Çimenlik Tabyası
    • 3rd Heavy Artillery Regiment
    • 4th Heavy Artillery Regiment
    • 5th Heavy Artillery Regiment
  • Fortress Engineer Company
  • Engineer Construction Company
  • Communication Company
  • Mine Detachment
  • Searchlight Detachment (8 searchlight)
  • Fortified Area Ammunition Depot Detachment
  • Bolayır Ammunition Depot Detachment
  • Sea Transportation (3 motorboat with 3 small boat)


After the war[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 23. (Turkish)
  2. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, p. 64. (Turkish)
  3. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, p. 118. (Turkish)
  4. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912-1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, pp. 371-372.
  5. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, pp. 153-158.
  6. ^ Askeri Tarih ve Stratejik Etüt Başkanlığı, Birinci Dünya Harbi'nde Türk Harbi: Cilt. 1. Kitap. Çanakkale Cephesi Harekâtı (Haziran 1914-25 Nisan 1915), T.C. Genelkurmay Basımevi, 1993,[page needed]