Dard people

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The Dard people (Persian: دارد, Devanagari: दारद) are a group of people predominantly found in northern Pakistan's Gilgit–Baltistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, northern India's Jammu and Kashmir, and eastern Afghanistan.

The community is also known as Brokpa, Drokpa and Shin, and speak Dardic languages.[1]

Origin[edit]

Parpola (1999) identifies "Proto-Dardic" with "Proto-Rigvedic", suggesting that the Dards are the linguistic descendants of the bearers of proto Rigvedic culture ca. 1700 BC, pointing to features in certain Dardic dialects that continue peculiarities of Rigvedic Sanskrit, such as the gerund in -tvī (p. 189).

During Swati rule, the Dard people predominantly followed Kalash like religion and frequent small scale jihad against Dard might have been a routine.[2]

Religion[edit]

The majority of Dardic peoples are Muslims,[citation needed] with a significant population of Kalash[2][3] Dardic religion in Indian Ladakh, particularly in the villages of Da and Hann, retains marked traces of the pre-Buddhist animistic religion, Bon-chos.[3] The Kalash tribes found in Chitral, are exceptional in having retained their ancestral polytheistic religion and are protected by the Government of Pakistan.[citation needed]

Social status[edit]

As of 2001, the Dards were classified as a Scheduled Tribe under the Indian government's reservation program of positive discrimination.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of Scheduled Tribes". Census of India: Government of India. 7 March 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Swat: an Afghan society in Pakistan : urbanisation and change in tribal environment. City Press. Retrieved 2007-08-01. "During Swati rule. The pre-Islamic faith of the dards was the Kalash faith which survives today in Northern Pakistan." 
  3. ^ a b The India magazine of her people and culture, Volume 14. A. H. Advani. Retrieved 2007-08-01. "Dardic religion in Ladakh, particularly in the villages of Da and Hann, retains marked traces of the pre-Buddhist animistic religion, Bon-chos" 
  • Asko Parpola, 'The formation of the Aryan branch of Indo-European', in Blench and Spriggs (eds), Archaeology and Language III, London and New York (1999).