Darfield, South Yorkshire
Darfield is a village within the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley, South Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it lies 5 miles (8.0 km) east of the town of Barnsley. It had a population of 8,066 at the 2001 UK Census.
In Saxon, the name "Feld" describes 'a large area of pasture land' , while the term "Dere" refers to the deer which inhabited the forest. When combined, this gives the name Derefeld which later became Darfield.
There are records of an 8th-century church in Darfield, but when the Domesday Book was written in 1086 there was no mention of it.
Darfield remained an insignificant agricultural village for many centuries to come, until 1862. In that year, two mining companies sank shafts in the Barnsley district to exploit the rich seam of coal running through the area. Darfield Main colliery and Mitchell's Main were local mines, the population of the village quickly increased and it became a labour pool for the surrounding coalmines. By 1901, over 4,000 people lived there compared to just 600 inhabitants in 1851
Darfield shops include a florists, baker's, newsagents, hairdresser's, garage/MOT station, a post office, greetings card shop, hardware & homeware shop, chemist and one large Co-op supermarket which opened in July 2013 in the former Longbow public house.
Food outlets include two Indian restaurants two takeaway cafes, two fish and chip shops, a Chinese takeaway and a pizzeria.
- Darfield Upperwood Academy, a 4-11 primary school, opened on 5 November 1973, that educates around 250 pupils. In July 2006 it was reported in the Barnsley Chronicle that a special investigation by council auditors into the school accounts raised questions about the way it was using public money. This received national media coverage when it appeared in the Yorkshire Post in March 2007.
- Darfield Valley Primary School, Snape Hill Road, Darfield.
- All Saints' Academy, School Street, Darfield.
- Netherwood Advanced Learning Centre a secondary school formed in September 2012 from a merger between Darfield Foulstone School and Wombwell High School.Darfield Foulstone School of Creative Arts, Nanny Marr Road, Darfield,no longer exists, because it was demolished at the beginning of 2013 following the opening of the Netherwood Advanced Learning Centre.
The museum property was donated to the village by Maurice Dobson, after whom the museum is named. The museum is split into four parts, the main museum, an outlet area where locals can sell their craft items, a cafe/gallery and a meeting place. There is also an outdoor patio where some larger items are exhibited.
A small public library is run in the village.
Churches and chapels
Darfield has a cricket club which plays at Darfield Cricket Ground and a junior football team which is Darfield JFC, they have played on the Longbow playing fields former Darfield Foulstone School Fields for the last 21 years.
Stagecoach Yorkshire operate bus services every 15 minutes to Barnsley during the daytime as well as 2 buses per hour to Wombwell. Darfield is also served by the express bus service X19 which operates direct to Doncaster and Robin Hood Airport. Also, both Wombwell and Goldthorpe railway stations are within easy reach of Darfield where connections can be made to Sheffield, Meadowhall, Wakefield and Leeds.
- Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Retrieved 2009-08-26
- "Upperwood Primary School", Barnsley.gov.uk, 2003
- "Inquiry urged over four-star spending at primary school", James Reed, Yorkshire Post, 26 March 2007
- "The Foulstone School - Inspection report", Ofsted, 11 June 2007
- "Ian McMillan", Peter Forbes, British Council, 2002
- "Ian McMillan - The South Bank Show", ITV, 15 July 2007
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