Daria-i-Noor

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This article is about the famous Persian diamond. For Peter Martins' 1998 ballet, see River of Light.
Daria-i-Noor
Darya-e Noor Diamond of Iran.png
The Daria-i-Noor stored in the Central Bank of Iran, Tehran
Weight 182 carats (36.4 g)
Color Pale pink
Cut Tabular, free-form. Inscribed.
Country of origin India
Mine of origin Kollur Mine, Andhra Pradesh
Cut by Shekhar Bhimanadham
Current owner Sonali Bank, Dhaka, Bangladesh/
Central Bank of Iran, Tehran, Iran

The Daria-i-Noor (Persian: دریای نور‎ which means "Sea of light" in Persian; (also spelled Darya-ye Noor) is one of the largest cut diamonds in the world, weighing an estimated 182 carats (36 g). Its colour, pale pink, is one of the rarest to be found in diamonds. The exact whereabouts of the Daria-i-Noor is debatable. The Daria-i-Noor is said to be preserved in a vault of Sonali Bank in Dhaka, Bangladesh.[1][2] A diamond with a similar name and description could be found in the Iranian Crown Jewels of Central Bank of Iran in Tehran.[3]

History[edit]

This diamond, like the Koh-i-Noor, was mined at the Paritala-Kollur Mine in Andhra Pradesh, India.[4] It was owned by the Mughal emperors.

In 1739, Nader Shah of Iran invaded Northern India, occupied Delhi and then massacred many of its inhabitants. As payment for returning the crown of India to the Mughal emperor, Muhammad, he took possession of the entire fabled treasury of the Mughals, including the Darya-i-noor, in addition to the Koh-i-noor and the Peacock throne.

Daria-i-noor, along with the Koh-i-noor, was later acquired by Ranjit Singh of Sikh Empire. It finally came into the possession of East India Company when Punjab fell under the British Rule in 1849. Daria-i-noor was one of the main attractions of The Great Exhibition in 1851. In 1852, Hamilton and Company auctioned the diamond under the direction of the British government. At the auction, the diamond was purchased by Khwaja Alimullah from Dhaka Nawab Family. In his visit to Calcutta in 1887, Viceroy of India Lord Dufferin went to see the diamond at Baliganj.[1]

Daria-i-noor was also seen by King George V and Queen Mary during their visit to Calcutta in 1912. After the Partition of India in 1947, the diamond was transferred from Calcutta to Dhaka and since then, has been kept in in a vault of Sonali Bank. In 1985, a group of experts approved the genuineness of the diamond through an examination.[1]

Possible association[edit]

In 1965, a Canadian team conducting research on the Iranian Crown Jewels concluded that the Darya-ye Noor may well have been part of a large pink diamond that had been studded in the throne of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, and had been described in the journal of the French jeweller Jean-Baptiste Tavernier in 1642, who called it the Great Table diamond ("Diamanta Grande Table"). This diamond may have been cut into two pieces; the larger part is the Darya-ye Noor; the smaller part is believed to be the 60 carats (12 g) Noor-ol-Ein diamond, presently studded in a tiara also in the Iranian Imperial collection.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Daria-i-Noor". Banglapedia. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Meet Daria-i-Noor, the Koh-i-Noor’s little-known sibling". The Tribune. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Collections". cbi.ir. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Deccan Heritage, H. K. Gupta, A. Parasher and D. Balasubramanian, Indian National Science Academy, 2000, p. 144, Orient Blackswan, ISBN 81-7371-285-9

External links[edit]