Dark Shadows

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Dark Shadows
Darkshadows.jpg
Title card
Format Soap opera
Created by Dan Curtis
Starring Joan Bennett
Grayson Hall
Jonathan Frid
Nancy Barrett
Alexandra Moltke
Louis Edmonds
Kathryn Leigh Scott
David Selby
David Henesy
Lara Parker
Thayer David
Composer(s) Robert Cobert
Country of origin United States
No. of seasons 6
No. of episodes 1,225 (List of episodes)
Production
Producer(s) Robert Costello
Running time 30 minutes
Production company(s) Dan Curtis Productions
Broadcast
Original channel ABC
Picture format Black and white (June 1966 – August 1967; Episodes 1-294)
Color (August 1967 – April 1971; Episodes 295-1,225)
Original run June 27, 1966 (1966-06-27) – April 2, 1971 (1971-04-02)

Dark Shadows is an American gothic soap opera that originally aired weekdays on the ABC television network, from June 27, 1966, to April 2, 1971. The series became hugely popular when vampire Barnabas Collins (Jonathan Frid) appeared a year into its run. Dark Shadows also featured werewolves, zombies, man-made monsters, witches, warlocks, time travel, and a parallel universe. A small company of actors each played many roles; indeed, as actors came and went, some characters were played by more than one actor. Major writers included Art Wallace, Malcolm Marmorstein, Sam Hall and Gordon Russell.

Dark Shadows was distinguished by its vividly melodramatic performances, atmospheric interiors, memorable storylines, numerous dramatic plot twists, unusually adventurous music score, and broad and epic cosmos of characters and heroic adventures. Now regarded as something of a classic, it continues to enjoy an intense cult following.

Although the original series ran for only five years, its scheduling as a daily daytime drama allowed it to amass more single episodes during its run (1,225) than most other science-fiction/fantasy genre series produced for English-language television, including Doctor Who and the entire Star Trek television franchise.

In 2004 and 2007, Dark Shadows was ranked #19 and #23 on TV Guide's Top Cult Shows Ever.[1][2]

History[edit]

Creator Dan Curtis claimed he had a dream in 1965 of a mysterious young woman, who was on a train. The following day Curtis told his wife of the dream and pitched the idea as a TV show to ABC. Network officials greenlit production and Curtis began hiring crew members.[3]

Art Wallace was hired to create a story from Curtis's dream sequence. Wallace wrote the story bible Shadows on the Wall, the proposed title for the show, later changed to Dark Shadows. Robert Costello was added as a line producer, and Curtis took on the creator and executive producer roles. Lela Swift, John Sedgewick, and Henry Kaplan all agreed to be directors for the new series. Robert Cobert created the musical score and Sy Thomashoff designed the set.

Curtis then set out to find the actress to play the girl on the train. Alexandra Moltke, a young actress with little experience, was discovered and cast in the role of Victoria Winters, an orphan who ends up in the mysterious town of Collinsport, Maine, to unravel the mysteries of her past.

Veteran film star Joan Bennett was soon cast as Victoria's employer Elizabeth Collins Stoddard, a woman who had not left her home in over eighteen years. Stage actor Louis Edmonds was cast as Elizabeth's brother Roger Collins. Another stage actress, Nancy Barrett, was then cast as Elizabeth's rebel daughter Carolyn Stoddard, and child actor David Henesy was cast as Roger's troubled son David Collins.

Dark Shadows had a rocky beginning. Critics were quick to deem the show rather boring for its heavy use of unknown actress Alexandra Moltke and the slow progression of the show's legacy. The earliest episodes consisted of introducing the troubled characters and did not show any of the supernatural elements that later made the show a hit.[citation needed]

As production on the series continued, the introduction of many new and mysterious characters and various unknown actors and actresses was prevalent on the set. Most actors also ended up playing multiple characters, and those same characters would often come back from the dead in the unprecedented use of parallel times and flashbacks.

Broadcast history[edit]

Perhaps one of ABC's first truly popular daytime shows, along with the game show Let's Make a Deal, Dark Shadows found its demographic niche in teenagers coming home from school in time to watch the show at 4 p.m. Eastern / 3 p.m. Central, where it aired for almost all of its network run, the exception being a 15-month stretch between April 1967 and July 1968, when it aired a half hour earlier. Originally, it was aired in black-and-white, but the show went into color starting with the August 14, 1967 installment transmission. With mothers (and, sometimes, grandmothers) usually away from the television set at that time of day in order to tend to household chores such as preparing the family's dinner, the young people got control of the family set and claimed the show as a badge of the then-burgeoning youth consciousness in the culture as a whole. Whatever the cultural context or audience composition of Dark Shadows, it became one of ABC's first daytime shows to actually win its timeslot, leading to the demise of NBC's original Match Game and Art Linkletter's long-running House Party on CBS, both in 1969.

The series reached its peak in popularity during a storyline set in the year 1897, broadcast from March 1969. By the end of May, Dark Shadows was ABC's most popular soap, and by late 1969 it was reaching nearly 20,000,000 viewers.[4] In November 1969, after nine months of some of Dark Shadows’ most intricate, intelligent storylines, an end came to the adventures in 1897. Now the writers were faced with a dilemma: with ratings at an all-time high, what could they do next to hold the audience? [5] Their decision, a storyline known as "The Leviathans," proved to be a thematic misstep for the show and one from which it never recovered. Fans tended to dislike the portrayal of Barnabas as the pawn of some greater power. They proved to be more interested in the archetypes of classic horror, the vampire, the witch, the werewolf than in off-camera suggestion.[6] The launch of Somerset in March 1970, a much-ballyhooed spinoff of NBC's Another World, also hurt the series considerably. The release of the film House of Dark Shadows in September of that year is also thought to have caused TV ratings to fall, perhaps because of parents who attended the film with their children and, seeing the amount of blood spilled across the screen, discouraged their children's choice of television viewing material.[7] Beginning in the fall of 1970, several ABC stations across the country dropped the show due to falling viewership. Within six months, ratings dropped from 7.3 to 5.3. Ironically, Nielsen ratings for March 1971, the last full month that Dark Shadows was on the air, revealed that viewership had risen in its final weeks.[8]

By early 1971, though, ABC was trying to cut costs in the face of harsh new economic realities including a national economic recession, a sharp dip in advertising revenue following the U.S. government's recent ban on cigarette commercials, and a record-high number of competing soap operas — which were more expensive to produce than game or talk shows — on the networks' daytime schedules. Thus, the network began weeding out supposedly unproductive programming. Despite its relatively high station clearances for its timeslot and low production costs, Dark Shadows fell victim to the purge mainly because of its young audience, who usually did not make decisions about the purchasing of household goods and food products for the family, which were the two chief industries that bought airtime on daytime television in that era. Practically no other daytime show skewed so much under the 18–35 demographic threshold as Dark Shadows did. Furthermore, primetime shows and movies with horror or science fiction themes (e.g., Star Trek, The Man from U.N.C.L.E.) had been on the decline for some time, and, of course, the serial appealed heavily to fanciers of those genres, people who usually didn't express much interest in the often sentimental domestic or romantic themes on which traditional soaps had relied since their inception on radio in the 1930s. In addition and probably more decisively, the program experienced a precipitous drop in its ratings during its last two years on the air, falling from a peak of 8.4 in the 1968–1969 television season to a 5.3 in 1970–1971.[9] Reflecting on the series' cancellation, in an interview included in a 2005 DVD release, series creator Dan Curtis welcomed the show's cancellation, feeling it had run out of fresh ideas: "I was just hoping it was going to end. I couldn’t squeeze my brain any harder to come up with just one more story. I just wanted to move on and out.”[10]

Despite many letters of protest from outraged fans, ABC canceled the five-year-old show on April 2, 1971, and replaced it with a new version of the hit 1960s game show Password. The rather abrupt ending of the series left some plotlines (such as Victoria Winters' parentage, and the story of the Jennings family) unfinished, though most of the plot threads came to a happy conclusion, via a voiceover explaining future events in the final minute of the last episode.

Preservation[edit]

Dark Shadows has the distinction of being one of the few classic television soap operas to have all of its episodes survive intact except one, although a handful of early episodes are available only in 16 mm kinescope format. For the one lost episode (#1219), only a home audio recording exists. The home video version and cable reruns of this episode were reconstructed from a combination of this soundtrack, the closing scene from the episode #1218, the opening scene from episode #1220, and video still frames sourced from other episodes.[citation needed]

Syndication and cable repeats[edit]

Dark Shadows was to be syndicated by ABC's distribution arm, ABC Films, as the series was ending in late 1970 and early 1971. However, delays kept the show from entering syndication, mainly because the FCC imposed Financial Interest and Syndication Rules, forcing the networks to sell off their syndication companies. Finally, in 1975, Worldvision Enterprises (spun off from ABC Films) released 130 episodes to syndication. Over the years, more episodes were released in varying quantities until the show finished its syndicated run in 1990. However, the first 209 shows and roughly the last year's worth of shows were never seen in syndication. Dark Shadows was lucky to be in reruns at all; most daytime programs at the time were being destroyed in an effort to recycle the videotape, and those programs that survived were usually locked away without being seen again.

For many years, the show was rerun on Scifi, now known as Syfy. Unlike previous networks, Syfy had the entire run of 1,225 episodes to show. The network stopped airing Dark Shadows in December 2003, only two weeks short of completing the series. All 1,225 episodes in the series were shown at various times between 1992 and 2003.

Episode numbering[edit]

A total of 1,225 episodes were produced, but during the course of its run, the show was preempted 20 times. ABC would compensate for this by occasionally skipping, double numbering and, in one case, triple numbering episodes in order to keep a show ending in a 5 or 0 airing on Fridays. This is why the last episode produced has #1245 when in actuality it was only the 1,225th episode produced.

Storylines[edit]

1966/7[edit]

Victoria Winters' Parentage, episode 1 to 92.

  • Victoria Winters and her role as governess is inspired by title character in Charlotte Brontë’s gothic novel Jane Eyre.[11]

Burke Devlin's Revenge For His Manslaughter Conviction, episode 1 to 201.

Roger Collins’ Mysterious Car Crash, episode 13 to 32.

The Murder Of Bill Malloy, episode 46 to 126.

Laura Collins the Phoenix, episode 123 to 192.

Jason McGuire Blackmails Elizabeth Collins Stoddard, episode 193 to 275.

The Resurrection Of The Vampire Barnabas Collins, episode 202 to 220.

The Kidnapping Of Maggie Evans, episode 221 to 261.

Julia Hoffman's Attempt To Cure Barnabas, episode 265 to 351.

Barnabas Terrorizing Julia Hoffman, episode 352 to 365.

1795[edit]

Angelique Bouchard's Vampire Curse On Barnabas, episode 366 to 426.

Victoria Winters’s Witchcraft Trial, episode 400 to 461.

  • The witchcraft trial involving Victoria Winters is inspired by Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible. Reverend Trask’s fate is inspired by Edgar Allan Poe’s short story "The Cask Of Amontillado."[11]

Nathan Forbes’ Manipulation Of Millicent Collins, episode 419 to 460.

1968/9[edit]

The Mystery Of Jeff Clark, episode 461 to 665.

The Creation Of Adam, episode 466 to 636.

The Dream Curse, episode 477 to 548.

Elizabeth's Fear Of Being Buried Alive, episode 513 to 672.

Nicholas Blair’s Scheme To Create A Master Race, episode 549 to 633/634.

Chris Jennings’ Werewolf Curse, episode 627 to 700.

The Ghosts Of Quentin Collins And Beth Chavez Haunt Collinwood, episode 639 to 700.

  • The character of Quentin Collins and his role is inspired by the Peter Quint in Henry James’s gothic novel The Turn of the Screw.[11]

1897[edit]

Barnabas’ Mission To Save David Collins, episode 700 to 839.

Jenny Collins The Mad Woman In The Attic, episode 707 to 748.

  • Jenny Collins is inspired by the character of Bertha from Charlotte Brontë’s gothic novel Jane Eyre.[11]

Laura Collins The Phoenix, episode 728 to 761.

  • Worthington Hall and Gregory Trask’s running of it is inspired by Charles Dickens’s novel Nicholas Nickleby.[11]

Magda Rakosi’s Werewolf Curse On Quentin, episode 749 to 834.

Gregory Trask’s Manipulation Of Judith Collins, episode 762 to 884.

The Hand Of Count Petofi, episode 778 to 814.

The Creation Of Amanda Harris, episode 812 to 850.

  • The theme of an artist's falling in love with his own creation who is brought to life by supernatural forces is reminiscent of the classic Greek myth of Pygmalion.

Barnabas's Infatuation With Kitty Soames, episode 844 to 885.

Count Petofi Body Swaps With Quentin, episode 849 to 883.

  • The character of Count Petofi is based on the real-world Count of St. Germain, a medieval alchemist who claimed to have attained the secret of immortality.[11]

1969/70[edit]

Barnabas Falls Under The Control Of The Leviathans, episode 886 to 950.

The Mystery Of Grant Douglas And Olivia Corey, episode 888 to 934.

Chris Jennings’s Werewolf Curse, episode 889 to 978.

The Leviathan Child, episode 891 to 929.

Jeb Hawkes The Leviathan Leader, episode 935 to 980.

1970 Parallel Time[edit]

The Death Of Angelique Collins, episode 969 to 1060.

  • This storyline is inspired by Daphne du Maurier’s gothic novel Rebecca.[11]

Cyrus Longworth's Experiment, episode 978 to 1035.

1995 / 1970 / 1840[edit]

The Destruction Of Collinwood, episode 1061 to 1070.

The Ghosts Of Gerard Stiles And Daphne Harridge Haunt Collinwood, episode 1071 to 1109.

Barnabas's Infatuation With Roxanne Drew, episode 1081 to 1150.

The Head Of Judah Zachery, episode 1117 to 1138.

Judah Zachery’s Possession Of Gerard Stiles, episode 1139 to 1197.

Quentin Collins’s Witchcraft Trial, episode 1162 to 1197.

1840/1 Parallel Time[edit]

Bramwell Collins’s & Catherine Harridge’s Love Affair, episode 1186 to 1245.

The Cursed Room Lottery, episode 1194 to 1245.

  • This storyline is inspired by Shirley Jackson’s short story "The Lottery."[11]

Cast[edit]

Character names noted with * indicates appearance of a counterpart in an alternate reality known as Parallel Time during episodes 969 to 1060 or 1186 to 1245.

Actor Character(s) Episodes Years
1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971
Joan Bennett Elizabeth Collins Stoddard*
Naomi Collins
Judith Collins
Flora Collins*
391 1 to 1245
Mitchell Ryan Burke Devlin#1 107 1 to 248
Louis Edmonds Roger Collins*
Joshua Collins*
Edward Collins
Daniel Collins
Amadeus Collins
Brutus Collins
323 1 to 1245
Kathryn Leigh Scott Maggie Evans*
Josette DuPres Collins
Rachel Drummond
Kitty Soames
310 1 to 1108
Alexandra Moltke Victoria Winters#1² 335 1 to 627
Nancy Barrett Carolyn Stoddard
Millicent Collins
Charity Trask
Letica Faye
Melanie Collins
Amanda Collins
403 2 to 1245
Joel Crothers Joe Haskell
Nathan Forbes
166 2 to 666
Frank Schofield Bill Malloy 15 3 to 126
David Henesy David Collins*
Daniel Collins
Jamison Collins
Tad Collins
277 4 to 1165
David Ford Sam Evans #2
Andre DuPres
108 35 to 530
Thayer David Matthew Morgan #2
Ben Stokes*
Timothy Eliot Stokes*
Sandor Rakosi
Andreas Petofi
Mordecai Grimes
225 38 to 1245
Dana Elcar George Patterson #2 35 54 to 329
Clarice Blackburn Sarah Johnson
Abigail Collins
Minerva Trask
79 67 to 1104
Conard Fowkes Frank Garner 19 92 to 180
Diana Millay Laura Collins 61 123 to 191 730 to 760
John Lasell Peter Guthrie 25 160 to 186
John Harkins Lieutenant Costa
Garth Blackwood
Mr. Strack
Horace Gladstone
16 174 878 to 1010
Dennis Patrick Jason McGuire
Paul Stoddard
66 193 to 276 888 to 953
James Hall Willie Loomis #1 5 199 to 205
John Karlen Willie Loomis#2*⁷
Carl Collins
Desmond Collins
Kendrick Young
180 206 to 1245
Jonathan Frid Barnabas Collins
Bramwell Collins
593 211 to 1245
Robert Gerringer Dr. Dave Woodard 29 231 to 334
Sharon Smyth Sarah Collins 37 255 to 415
Anthony George Burke Devlin#2
Jeremiah Collins
48 262 to 384
Grayson Hall Julia Hoffman*
Natalie DuPres
Magda Rakosi
Julia Collins
Constance Collins
474 265 to 1245
Jerry Lacy Tony Peterson
Reverend Trask
Gregory Trask
Mr. Trask
Lamar Trask
109 357 to 1198
Lara Parker Angelique Bouchard Collins*
Alexis Stokes
Catherine Harridge
Cassandra Collins
269 368 to 1245
Addison Powell Judge Matigan
Eric Lang
Judge Wiley
39 404 to 543 1162
Roger Davis Peter Bradford
Ned Stuart
Dirk Wilkins
Charles Delaware Tate
128 404 to 968
Craig Slocum Noah Gifford
Harry Johnson #1
17 439 to 659
Robert Rodan Adam 78 485 to 636
Humbert Allen Astredo Nicholas Blair
Evan Hanley
Charles Dawson
100 521 to 1196
Don Briscoe Tom Jennings
Chris Jennings*
Tim Shaw
96 554 to 1001
Marie Wallace Eve
Jenny Collins
Megan Todd
64 596 to 971
Denise Nickerson Amy Jennings*
Nora Collins
71 632 to 1049
David Selby Quentin Collins II*
Quentin Collins I*
311 646 to 1230
Terry Crawford Beth Chavez
Edith Collins
63 646 to 1186
Lisa Richards Sabrina Stuart* 28 692 to 1033
Michael Stroka Aristede
Bruno Hess*
Laszlo Ferrari
64 791 to 1158
Donna McKechnie Amanda Harris 24 812 to 934
Christopher Bernau Philip Todd 23 888 to 968
Geoffrey Scott Sky Rumson 13 923 to 980
Christopher Pennock Jeb Hawkes
Cyrus Longworth
Sebastian Shaw
Gabriel Collins*
126 935 to 1237
Elizabeth Eis Nelle Gunston
Buffie Harrington
Mildred Ward
15 951 to 1161
Donna Wandrey Roxanne Drew* 34 1039 to 1177
Jim Storm Gerard Stiles* 81 1063 to 1209
Kathy Cody Carrie Stokes*
Hallie Stokes
49 1066 to 1237
Kate Jackson Daphne Harridge* 70 1067 to 1238
Virginia Vestoff Samantha Drew Collins* 29 1110 to 1193
Keith Prentice Morgan Collins
James Forsythe
40 1186 to 1245

¹ Parallel counterpart played by Mary Cooper during episodes 1206 to 1238.
² Played by Betsy Durkin during episodes 630 to 650; and Carolyn Groves during episodes 662 to 665.
³ Played by Diana Walker during episode 578.
Played by Mark Allen during episodes 5 to 22.
Played by George Mitchell during episodes 6 to 16.
Played by Vince O'Brien during episodes 148 to 174, 328 and 503 to 675; Angus Cairns during episodes 341 and 342; and Alfred Sandor during episode 615.
Played by James Hall during episodes 199 to 205.
Played by Richard Woods during episodes 219 and 229; and Peter Turgeon during episodes 335 to 362.
Played by Edward Marshall during episode 669.

Production[edit]

Locations[edit]

Both theatrical films, House of Dark Shadows (1970) and Night of Dark Shadows (1971), were shot primarily on location at the Lyndhurst estate in Tarrytown, New York. For the TV series, Essex, Connecticut was the locale used for the town of Collinsport. Among the locations sited there are the Collinsport Wharf, Main Street, and the Evans Cottage. The Griswold Inn in Essex was used for the Collinsport Inn, and the town post office was used for the Collinsport Police Station. The Collinwood stand-in mansion used for the TV series is the Carey Mansion in Newport, Rhode Island, until August 2009 used by Salve Regina University. The exteriors for the "Old House" (original Collinwood mansion) were filmed at Spratt Mansion, which was also located on the Lyndhurst estate; this mansion was destroyed by fire in 1969. The Lockwood-Mathews Mansion in South Norwalk, Connecticut, was also used for some scenes in House of Dark Shadows. Some outdoors shots for the series were filmed in the famous Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, not far from the Lyndhurst Mansion.[13]

Special effects[edit]

Working within the constraints of the live-to-tape format — with almost every scene done in one take — Dark Shadows displayed an unusually inventive use of costume, make-up and, in particular, special effects. Both time travel and ghosts allowed characters killed in earlier sequences to return, often in period clothing. Séances held in the old mansion were often visited by ghostly apparitions of quivering ectoplasm. Dream sequences included colorful psychedelic spectacles superimposed over ethereal, fog-filled fantasies. Individuals of normal appearance were transformed into hideous creatures of the netherworld.[citation needed]

Errors[edit]

The difficulty of keeping up with the demanding schedule of a daily half-hour show manifested itself on screen. In addition to sets's wobbling unintentionally (one actor bumped into a large "oak tree" and it almost fell over), heavily-used actors — especially Frid and Bennett — often struggled with their lines, and occasionally, a stagehand could be spotted wandering onto the back of the set. At other times, the microphone boom appeared in the frame (giving the show the unintentional nickname "Mic Shadows"[14]), a television camera would appear on screen, a fly hovered around the head of an actor, or window curtains fell down. These "bloopers" are treasured by Dark Shadows fans and have been collected by MPI Home Video on both VHS and DVD.[15]

Music[edit]

Of particular note is Robert Cobert's inspired music score, which broke new ground for a television program. The original soundtrack cracked the top 20 of Billboard's national albums chart in 1969 and still ranks as one of the top-selling TV soundtracks ever.[citation needed] The instrumental track "Quentin's Theme," for which Cobert earned a Grammy nomination, was recorded by the Charles Randolph Grean Sounde. The single peaked at number 13 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart (and number 3 on its Easy Listening chart) in summer 1969, when Dark Shadows was perhaps at the peak of its popularity.[citation needed]

Ratings[edit]

1965–1966 season[edit]

1966–1967 season[edit]

1967–1968 season[edit]

  • 1. As the World Turns (13.6)
  • 12. Dark Shadows (7.3)
  • 13. One Life to Live (4.3)

1968–1969 season[edit]

  • 1. As the World Turns (13.8)
  • 11. Dark Shadows (8.4)
  • 14. Hidden Faces (3.3)

1969–1970 season[edit]

1970–1971 season[edit]

  • 1. As the World Turns (12.4)
  • 16. Dark Shadows (5.3)
  • 18. A World Apart (3.4)

Media[edit]

Home video[edit]

MPI Home Video currently holds the home video rights to the series. All episodes were issued on VHS from 1989 through 1995. Episodes 210–1245 (Barnabas' arrival through to the end of the series) have been released on DVD in 26 Collections from 2002 through 2006. Episodes 1–209 were released in 2007 under the title of Dark Shadows: The Beginning. On April 3, 2012, MPI re-released the 32 Collections. The first (and sometimes, the second) collection (from Barnabas's introduction) has been released internationally, but due to generally low sales, this has been the extent of international release of the series.

On April 10, 2012, MPI released a "Limited Edition Complete Series" box set in the shape of a coffin. The 131 DVDs are housed in 22 individual plastic cases, with the spines looking upward to show the entire body of Barnabas lying asleep in his coffin. Only 2,500 numbered copies of these were made, with each set including a limited edition card signed by original series star Jonathan Frid. A similar but unlimited "Deluxe Edition" set was subsequently released on July 10, 2012, without the limited edition card signed by Jonathan Frid and without the serial limitation number plate on the bottom of the box.[16][17]

Films[edit]

MGM released a feature film titled House of Dark Shadows in 1970. Dan Curtis directed it, and Sam Hall and Gordon Russell wrote the screenplay. Many cast members from the soap opera, including Jonathan Frid, Grayson Hall, Roger Davis, and Kathryn Leigh Scott, reprised their roles. 1971 saw the release of Night of Dark Shadows, also directed by Dan Curtis and written by Curtis and Sam Hall. Actors included David Selby, Grayson Hall, Kate Jackson, and Lara Parker, among others.

Books[edit]

There have been two series of Dark Shadows novels. The first, released during the show's original run, were all penned by romance writer Marilyn Ross, a pseudonym for author Dan Ross, and were published by Paperback Library. Ross also wrote a novelization of the theatrical movie House of Dark Shadows.

# Title Release Date Notes
1 Dark Shadows December 1966 A partial re-telling of Victoria Winters arrival in Collinsport. Originally printed with an illustrated cover, subsequent editions featured a photographic cover featuring Alexandra Moltke with Jonathan Frid, although the character of Barnabas Collins does not appear. This is also the case with books 2 to 4. Collinwood is referred to here as Collins House.
2 Victoria Winters March 1967
3 Strangers at Collins House September 1967 Partially takes place in 1916.
4 The Mystery of Collinwood January 1968
5 The Curse of Collinwood May 1968 The only book in series not to be printed with a photographic cover.
6 Barnabas Collins November 1968 First book to feature Barnabas Collins. In the television series Barnabas was chained to his coffin in 1796 and not released until 1967, here Ross offers an alternate timeline in which the vampire was never held captive at all. Takes place in the early 1900's.
7 The Secret of Barnabas Collins January 1969 Takes place in 1870.
8 The Demon of Barnabas Collins April 1969 The first book to present Barnabas in a heroic vein rather than as the villain, following the trend set by the television series.
9 The Foe of Barnabas Collins July 1969 Features the character of Chris Jennings, although presented here as a villain rather than the sympathetic victim depicted in the television series. It also features a rare appearance by Angelique. Takes place in 1910.
10 The Phantom and Barnabas Collins September 1969 Takes place in 1880.
11 Barnabas Collins vs. the Warlock October 1969 A homage to Henry James' 1898 novella The Turn of the Screw, a text also used in the television series for inspiration.
12 The Peril of Barnabas Collins November 1969
Barnabas Collins in a Funny Vein December 1969 Non-fiction joke book not written by Marilyn Ross.
13 Barnabas Collins and the Mysterious Ghost January 1970
14 Barnabas Collins and Quentin's Demon February 1970 Introduces the character of Quentin Collins to the range. Takes place in 1895.
15 Barnabas Collins and the Gypsy Witch March 1970 Takes place in the 1890's.
16 Barnabas, Quentin and the Mummy's Curse April 1970
17 Barnabas, Quentin and the Avenging Ghost May 1970
18 Barnabas, Quentin and the Nightmare Assassin June 1970 Takes place in 1870.
19 Barnabas, Quentin and the Crystal Coffin July 1970 A homage to Edgar Allan Poe's 1844 short story The Premature Burial, a text also used in the television series for inspiration.
20 Barnabas, Quentin and the Witch's Curse August 1970 Takes place in 1900.
The Dark Shadows Book of Vampires and Werewolves August 1970 Collection of short fiction. None of the stories are set in the Dark Shadows universe. None of the stories are written by Marilyn Ross.
21 Barnabas, Quentin and the Haunted Cave September 1970 Takes place in 1690.
22 Barnabas, Quentin and the Frightened Bride October 1970 Takes place in 1920.
House of Dark Shadows October 1970 Novelization. Several scenes cut from the film version were included. It also featured 16 pages of color photos from the film's production.
23 Barnabas, Quentin and the Scorpio Curse November 1970
24 Barnabas, Quentin and the Serpent December 1970 Takes place in 1870.
Barnabas Collins A Personal Picture Album December 1970 Non-fiction book not written by Marilyn Ross.
25 Barnabas, Quentin and the Magic Potion January 1971 This story marks a sudden shift in the characterization of Quentin Collins, whom up to this point in the range had been portrayed as an enemy of Barnabas.
26 Barnabas, Quentin and the Body Snatchers February 1971 This is the only book in the series told in the omniscient point of view. It also features a rare appearance by Julia Hoffman. As suggested by its title, a homage to Jack Finney's 1955 science fiction novel The Body Snatchers.
27 Barnabas, Quentin and Dr. Jekyll's Son April 1971 As suggested by its title, a homage to Robert Louis Stevenson's 1886 novella Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, a text also used in the television series for inspiration. Takes place in 1908.
28 Barnabas, Quentin and the Grave Robbers June 1971 Takes place in 1930.
29 Barnabas, Quentin and the Sea Ghost August 1971 It features a rare appearance by Julia Hoffman and Professor Stokes.
30 Barnabas, Quentin and the Mad Magician October 1971
31 Barnabas, Quentin and the Hidden Tomb December 1971 Takes place in 1866.
32 Barnabas, Quentin and the Vampire Beauty March 1972

The second series of books consists of three novels by Lara Parker, Angelique's Descent, The Salem Branch, and Wolf Moon Rising as well as Dreams of the Dark by horror authors Elizabeth Massie and Stephen Mark Rainey.

There also have been several books about Dark Shadows, including The Dark Shadows Almanac and The Dark Shadows Companion.

Magazines[edit]

During its original run, Dark Shadows was featured in many magazines, including Afternoon TV, Castle of Frankenstein, Daytime TV, and Famous Monsters of Filmland. Even after the show ended it received coverage in genre magazines of the 1970s, like Monsters of the Movies.

In 2003, a two-part article titled "Collecting Dark Shadows: Return to Collinwood", appeared in Autograph Collector magazine; it was the first major article to chronicle the show in years. In 2005, Scary Monsters magazine #55 devoted an entire issue to Dark Shadows. Included were full-length interviews with cast members Marie Wallace, David Selby, and Kathryn Leigh-Scott, as well as "Don't Open That Coffin! A Baby Boomer's Adventures in the Land of Dark Shadows!" Both the Autograph Collector and Scary Monsters articles were penned by freelance writer Rod Labbe, who once ran a fan club for Dennis Patrick (Jason McGuire, Paul Stoddard) in 1969–70.[citation needed]

Labbe also contributes to Fangoria magazine and is currently doing a series of full-length interviews with surviving original cast members, leading up to the release of Burton's film. Labbe's interview with Jerry Lacy, who played the nefarious Reverend Trask, appeared in issue #296. His second, with Kathryn Leigh-Scott, was in issue #304. The latest, a Chris Pennock (Jebez Hawkes, aka "The Leviathan") profile, is scheduled to run in issue #310. He's already interviewed Marie (Eve and Crazy Jenny Collins) Wallace for a future issue, with more to come. A lengthier version of Kathryn's interview can be found on her website.[citation needed]

Comics[edit]

Detail from Dark Shadows newspaper comic strip. Art by Ken Bald

From March 14, 1971, to March 11, 1972, the Newspaper Enterprise Association syndicated a Dark Shadows comic strip by illustrator Kenneth Bruce Bald (credited as "K. Bruce" because of contractual obligations) to dozens of newspapers across the country.[18] In 1996, Pomegranate Press, Ltd. published Dark Shadows: The Comic Strip Book (ISBN 0-938817-39-6), which collected the entire 52 week run of the daily and Sunday strip.

Gold Key Comics released 35 issues of a regular Dark Shadows comic book, mostly written by John Warner, which ran for years after the cancellation of the series on ABC (1969–1976); and in 1991, Innovation Publishing released a short-lived comic book series based on the NBC-TV revival show. Hermes Press has released a five volume archive reprint series of the Gold Key series in 2010–2011. Additionally, Dynamite Entertainment launched a new monthly series of Dark Shadows comic books in October 2011.[19]

Other media[edit]

There have also been two board games, a few coloring books, a jigsaw puzzle, and a View-Master reel.[citation needed]

In June 2012, some Dark Shadows episodes were made available for streaming online video on Hulu and Hulu Plus. Episodes 211- 250 were made available, covering the introduction of Barnabas Collins.[citation needed]

Audio drama[edit]

Based on a stage play performed at a Dark Shadows convention, Return to Collinwood is an audio drama written by Jamison Selby and Jim Pierson, and starring David Selby, Kathryn Leigh Scott, John Karlen, Nancy Barrett, Lara Parker, Roger Davis, Marie Wallace, Christopher Pennock, Donna Wandrey, James Storm, and Terry Crawford. The show is available on CD.

Big Finish Productions[edit]

In 2006, Big Finish Productions continued the Dark Shadows saga with an original series of audio dramas, starring the original cast. The first season featured David Selby (Quentin Collins), Lara Parker (Angelique), Kathryn Leigh Scott (Maggie Evans), and John Karlen (Willie Loomis). Robert Rodan, who played Adam in the original series, also appears in the fourth story, playing a new character. Barnabas Collins is played by Andrew Collins. A second series was released in 2010. In addition to the cast's returning from Series One, Kingdom of the Dead also featured Lysette Anthony, Alec Newman, Lizzie Hopley, Jerry Lacy, and David Warner.[20][21][22] Big Finish has also produced a series of dramatic story readings based on the series, with arguably the most notable being the 2010 release The Night Whispers, in which Jonathan Frid reprised the role of Barnabas.[23]

Revivals[edit]

1991 (NBC)[edit]

In 1991, MGM Television produced a short-lived primetime remake that aired on NBC from January 13 to March 22. The revival was a lavish, big budget weekly serial combining gothic romance and stylistic horror. Although it was a huge hit at introduction (watched by almost 1 in 4 households, according to official ratings during that time period), the onset of the Gulf War caused NBC to continually preempt or reschedule the episodes, resulting in declining ratings.[citation needed] It was canceled after the first season. The final episode ended with a cliffhanger: Victoria Winters (Joanna Going)'s learning that Barnabas Collins (Ben Cross) was a 200-year old vampire.

It also starred veterans Jean Simmons (as Elizabeth Collins Stoddard) and Roy Thinnes (as Roger Collins), British character actress Lysette Anthony (as Angelique Collins), Barbara Steele (as Julia Hoffman), and Joseph Gordon-Levitt (as David Collins).

2004 (The WB)[edit]

Plans for another revival series (or film) have been discussed off and on since the 1991 series' demise, including a TV miniseries to wrap up the plotlines of the canceled NBC series and a feature film, co-written by Dan Curtis and Barbara Steele, utilizing the 1991 cast. In 2004, a pilot for a new WB network Dark Shadows series, starring Marley Shelton as Victoria Winters and Alec Newman as Barnabas Collins, was written and shot, but never picked up. The pilot has been screened at the Dark Shadows Festival conventions with Dan Curtis Productions' blessing, but has yet to surface elsewhere. This pilot was produced by Warner Bros. Television.[24]

2012 (Film)[edit]

In 2012, Warner Bros. produced a film adaptation of the soap opera. Tim Burton directed the film, and Johnny Depp, finally realizing one of his childhood fantasies (see above), starred as Barnabas Collins. However, the film treated the stories comedically, and was not the hoped-for major success.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ TV Guide's 25 Top Cult Shows — TannerWorld Junction TannerWorld Junction: May 26, 2004
  2. ^ TV Guide Names the Top Cult Shows Ever — Today's News: Our Take TV Guide: June 29, 2007
  3. ^ Hamrick, Craig; Jamison, R. J. (2012). Barnabas & Company: The Cast of the TV Classic Dark Shadows. Bloomington, IN: iUniverse. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-4759-1034-6. 
  4. ^ Leigh Scott, Kathyrn (ed.) (2012). The Dark Shadows Companion: 25th Anniversary Collection. Pomegranate Press, 1990. pp. 151. ISBN 0-938817-25-6.
  5. ^ Leigh Scott, Kathyrn (ed.), The Dark Shadows Companion: 25th Anniversary Collection. Pomegranate Press, 1990. pp. 157. ISBN 0-938817-25-6.
  6. ^ Thompson, Jeff, The Television Horrors of Dan Curtis: "Dark Shadows," "The Night Stalker" and Other Productions, McFarland & Co Inc, 2009. pp. 65. ISBN 9780786436934.
  7. ^ Leigh Scott, Kathyrn (ed.), The Dark Shadows Companion: 25th Anniversary Collection. Pomegranate Press, 1990. pp. 177. ISBN 0-938817-25-6.
  8. ^ Leigh Scott, Kathyrn; Jim Pierson (ed.), Dark Shadows Almanac. Pomegranate Press, 1995. pp. 104. ISBN 0-938817-18-3.
  9. ^ Soap Opera Network Boards | Ratings Archive.
  10. ^ Dark Shadows DVD Collection: Volume 16; January 25, 2005, MPI Home Video
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Leigh Scott, Kathryn; Jim Pierson (ed.), Dark Shadows Almanac. Pomegranate Press, 1995. pp. 134. ISBN 0-938817-18-3.
  12. ^ In episode 28, Burke Devlin is seen reading this novel. It similarity to events is commented upon i.e. a man returning to his home town to wreak revenge.
  13. ^ http://www.visitsleepyhollow.com/historic-sites/lyndhurst
  14. ^ Costello, Jef (May 21, 2012). "Jef Costello, "Why Dark Shadows Sucks"". Counter-Currents Publishing. Retrieved June 4, 2012. 
  15. ^ http://www.amazon.com/Dark-Shadows-Treasures-Jonathan-Frid/dp/B000H1RFEQ/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1394042246&sr=8-1&keywords=Dark+Shadows+Bloopers
  16. ^ "Dark Shadows DVD news: Update about Dark Shadows — The Complete Original Series". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved May 3, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Dark Shadows – The Complete Original Series DVD Information". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved June 8, 2012. 
  18. ^ Bald, Kenneth Bruce (1996). Dark Shadows: The Comic Strip Book. Beverly Hills, California: Pomegranate Press, Ltd. ISBN 0-938817-39-6. 
  19. ^ "Soap Vampire Barnabas Collins Returns in DARK SHADOWS Comic". Newsarama.com. Retrieved 2012-05-03. 
  20. ^ Big Finish Productions — Bumper Year For Dark Shadows[dead link]
  21. ^ "Dark Shadows Audio Dramas — Photos from recording". Facebook.com. Retrieved 2012-05-03. 
  22. ^ Big Finish Productions — David Warner Joins Dark Shadows![dead link]
  23. ^ http://www.bigfinish.com/releases/v/the-night-whispers-147
  24. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0887892/?ref_=nv_sr_4
Bibliography
  • The Dark Shadows Companion: 25th Anniversary Collection, edited by Kathryn Leigh Scott, foreword by Jonathan Frid, Pomegranate Press, 1990. ISBN 0-938817-25-6
  • Dark Shadows Almanac, edited by Kathryn Leigh Scott & Jim Pierson, Pomegranate Press, 1995. ISBN 0-938817-18-3
  • Dark Shadows: The Comic Strip Book, by Kenneth Bruce Bald (illustrator), Pomegranate Press, 1996. ISBN 0-938817-39-6
Further reading
  • Borzellieri, Frank. "The Physics of Dark Shadows". Cultural Studies Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-9815407-0-2
  • Clute, John and Grant, John. The Encyclopedia of Fantasy. St. Martin's Press, 1999. p 823. ISBN 0-312-19869-8
  • Hamrick, Craig and Jamison, R. J. Barnabas & Company: The Cast of the TV Classic Dark Shadows. iUniverse, 2012. ISBN 978-1-4759-1034-6
  • Jones, Stephen. The Essential Monster Movie Guide: A Century of Creature Features on Film, TV and Video. Watson-Guptill, 2000. p. 99. ISBN 0-8230-7936-8
  • Krensky, Stephen. Vampires. Lerner Publications, 2007. p. 48. ISBN 0-8225-5891-2
  • Mansour, David. From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia Of The Late 20th Century. Andrews McMeel Publishing, 2005. p. 109. ISBN 0-7407-5118-2
  • McNally, Raymond T. and Florescu, Radu R. In Search of Dracula: The History of Dracula and Vampires. Houghton Mifflin Books, 1994. p. 270. ISBN 0-395-65783-0
  • Mitchell, Charles P. The Complete H. P. Lovecraft Filmography. Greenwood Press, 2001. p 220. ISBN 0-313-31641-4
  • Riccardo, Martin V. Vampires Unearthed: The Complete Multi-media Vampire and Dracula Bibliography. Garland Publishing, Incorporated, 1983. p. 19. ISBN 0-8240-9128-0
  • Schemering, Christopher. The Soap Opera Encyclopedia. Ballantine Books, 1985. p. 61. ISBN 0-345-32459-5
  • Senn, Bryan and Johnson, John. Fantastic Cinema Subject Guide: A Topical Index to 2500 Horror, Science Fiction, and Fantasy Films. McFarland & Co, 1992. p. 551. ISBN 0-89950-681-X
  • South, Malcolm. Mythical and Fabulous Creatures: A Source Book and Research Guide. Greenwood Press, 1987. p. 260. ISBN 0-313-24338-7
  • Sullivan, Jack. The Penguin Encyclopedia of Horror and the Supernatural. Viking, 1986. p. 422. ISBN 0-670-80902-0
  • Terrance, Vincent. The Complete Encyclopedia of Television Programs, 1947–1979. A. S. Barnes & Company, 1979.
  • Worland, Rick. The Horror Film: An Introduction. Blackwell Publishing, 2006. p. 93. ISBN 1-4051-3902-1

External links[edit]